Behold Kindness and Severity!
Romans 11:17-24
Theological Notes: Note the use of the second singular "you" in this passage!  It makes me wond...
Published June 1st, 2012
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Notes
2011-04-18 22:43:31
2011-04-19 09:07:18
Theological Notes: Note the use of the second singular "you" in this passage! It makes me wonder if Paul has a certain person in mind, as he writes. If not, why doesn't he use the plural forms? Maybe for sermonic punch, to make the reader internalize his words, and not get folded under the corporal blanket, and lost in the generalizations. Fear aids in maintaining our faith! (See Phil 2:12) And humility, or not being arrogant and high-minded, is the other antidote that Paul provides for the sin of pride (which can damn us to Hell) and persevering us in the faith! Are we cultivating a proper fear of God that brings wisdom and delight (cf. Prov 1:7; Neh 1:11)? The secret to purity, power, joy, passion, and boldness in God is being immersed in the Bible. In fact, we are commanded to behold (look at!) the kindness and severity of God! This means we need to read the WHOLE council of God - the kind parts and the severe parts! The Old Testament AND the New Testaments; the Prophets AND the Epistles; the Poetry AND the Pericopes of Paul; the Law AND the Gospels; Chronicles AND Revelation! The imperatives help to bring out the highlights in Rom. 11:17-24. There are 3. 1. 18a Don't be arrogant toward the Jewish branches! 2. 20b Don't become proud, but fear! 3. 22 Behold the kindness and severity of God! This text is very clear that God's covenant people, who live by faith in Him, was originally Jewish; He chose the nation of Israel. God chose Abraham, Isaac and Jacob/Israel to be His people. As Gentiles, we must remember that in order to guard against Anti-semitism, arrogant pride and boasting, or a general lack of respect for Jews. The Jews didn't kill Jesus; sinners like us did! Indeed, God the Father, in his mysterious wisdom, willed the death of His own Son to atone for our sins. We should consider learning more about Jewish customs, and not get too comfortable with Gentile forms of worship that are so foreign to the Jewish traditions. We are also commanded to fear God, and we do this by looking at/beholding His kindness and severity, His mercy and judgment. Piper says this primarily means reading (looking at) the whole council of God in the Bible. George Müller read it 200 times before he died at the age of 92! We should remember that the kindness of God is meant to lead us to repentance (Rom. 2:4). Furthermore, we ought to remember that this isn't the end of all hope for the Jews; God can still grafted them in again to their own Jewish-rooted covenant tree. God can have mercy on whomever He chooses. We should not presume to know the mind of God, or fathom His ways (see 11:33-36), but should be ready to rejoice at anyone's salvation, knowing it is all by the grace and work of God, whether it is the salvation of an Islamic jihadist, a pagan Gentile, a moon-worshiper, an adulterer, a Wiccan witch, a former porn addict, a pedophile, an abusive spouse, an "Untouchable" from India, a Buddhist monk, an aborigine, or a Jew. God can save even the worst of sinners from every nation and ethnic groups! All glory belongs to God alone through His Son, Jesus the Messiah!
10000000075223 75223 Notes 2011-04-18 22:43:31 2011-04-19 09:07:18 Theological Notes: Note the use of the second singular "you" in this passage! It makes me wonder if Paul has a certain person in mind, as he writes. If not, why doesn't he use the plural forms? Maybe for sermonic punch, to make the reader internalize his words, and not get folded under the corporal blanket, and lost in the generalizations. Fear aids in maintaining our faith! (See Phil 2:12) And humility, or not being arrogant and high-minded, is the other antidote that Paul provides for the sin of pride (which can damn us to Hell) and persevering us in the faith! Are we cultivating a proper fear of God that brings wisdom and delight (cf. Prov 1:7; Neh 1:11)? The secret to purity, power, joy, passion, and boldness in God is being immersed in the Bible. In fact, we are commanded to behold (look at!) the kindness and severity of God! This means we need to read the WHOLE council of God - the kind parts and the severe parts! The Old Testament AND the New Testaments; the Prophets AND the Epistles; the Poetry AND the Pericopes of Paul; the Law AND the Gospels; Chronicles AND Revelation! The imperatives help to bring out the highlights in Rom. 11:17-24. There are 3. 1. 18a Don't be arrogant toward the Jewish branches! 2. 20b Don't become proud, but fear! 3. 22 Behold the kindness and severity of God! This text is very clear that God's covenant people, who live by faith in Him, was originally Jewish; He chose the nation of Israel. God chose Abraham, Isaac and Jacob/Israel to be His people. As Gentiles, we must remember that in order to guard against Anti-semitism, arrogant pride and boasting, or a general lack of respect for Jews. The Jews didn't kill Jesus; sinners like us did! Indeed, God the Father, in his mysterious wisdom, willed the death of His own Son to atone for our sins. We should consider learning more about Jewish customs, and not get too comfortable with Gentile forms of worship that are so foreign to the Jewish traditions. We are also commanded to fear God, and we do this by looking at/beholding His kindness and severity, His mercy and judgment. Piper says this primarily means reading (looking at) the whole council of God in the Bible. George Müller read it 200 times before he died at the age of 92! We should remember that the kindness of God is meant to lead us to repentance (Rom. 2:4). Furthermore, we ought to remember that this isn't the end of all hope for the Jews; God can still grafted them in again to their own Jewish-rooted covenant tree. God can have mercy on whomever He chooses. We should not presume to know the mind of God, or fathom His ways (see 11:33-36), but should be ready to rejoice at anyone's salvation, knowing it is all by the grace and work of God, whether it is the salvation of an Islamic jihadist, a pagan Gentile, a moon-worshiper, an adulterer, a Wiccan witch, a former porn addict, a pedophile, an abusive spouse, an "Untouchable" from India, a Buddhist monk, an aborigine, or a Jew. God can save even the worst of sinners from every nation and ethnic groups! All glory belongs to God alone through His Son, Jesus the Messiah! notes
Arc
2011-04-18 22:43:31
2011-04-19 09:07:18
editing
Romans
Romans 11:17-24
NT
tisch
mine
Εἰ δέ τινες τῶν κλάδων ἐξεκλάσθησαν,
But if some of the branches were broken off,
σὺ δὲ ἀγριέλαιος ὢν ἐνεκεντρίσθης ἐν αὐτοῖς
but you, being a wild olive shoot, were grafted into them,
καὶ συνκοινωνὸς τῆς ῥίζης τῆς πιότητος τῆς ἐλαίας ἐγένου,
and you have become a fellow-partaker of the root of the oil of the olive tree.
series
μὴ κατακαυχῶ τῶν κλάδων·
[ then ] DO NOT BOAST OVER THE BRANCHES!
conditional
εἰ δὲ κατακαυχᾶσαι,
But if you boast,
οὐ σὺ τὴν ῥίζαν βαστάζεις
[ then remember that] you do not support the root,
ἀλλὰ ἡ ῥίζα σέ.
but the root [supports] you!
negativepositive
alternative
ἐρεῖς οὖν,
Therefore , you will say:
ἐξεκλάσθησαν κλάδοι
Branches were broken off,
ἵνα ἐγὼ ἐγκεντρισθῶ.
in order that I might be grafted in.
actionpurpose
ideaexplanation
καλῶς·
'Swell.
τῇ ἀπιστίᾳ ἐξεκλάσθησαν,
They were broken off because of unbelief,
σὺ δὲ τῇ πίστει ἕστηκας.
and by means of faith/belief you have stood.
μὴ ὑψηλὰ φρόνει,
DO NOT THINK HIGH [things about yourself or your desert or your election etc],
ἀλλὰ φοβοῦ·
BUT FEAR!
εἰ γὰρ ὁ θεὸς τῶν κατὰ φύσιν κλάδων οὐκ ἐφείσατο,
For if God did not spare the according-to-nature branches,
οὐδὲ σοῦ φείσεται.
[ then ] neither will he spare you!
ground
inference
situationresponse
ἴδε οὖν χρηστότητα καὶ ἀποτομίαν θεοῦ·
Therefore , BEHOLD the kindness and severity of God:
ἐπὶ μὲν τοὺς πεσόντας ἀποτομία,
on the one hand , severity to the ones who have fallen,
ἐπὶ δὲ σὲ χρηστότης θεοῦ,
and on the other hand the kindness of God to you ,
ἐὰν ἐπιμένῃς τῇ χρηστότητι,
if [=provided] you might remain in [His] kindness,
ἐπεὶ καὶ σὺ ἐκκοπήσῃ.
otherwise even you will be cut off!
κἀκεῖνοι δέ, ἐὰν μὴ ἐπιμένωσιν τῇ ἀπιστίᾳ,
And even those [people = Jews], if they might not remain in unbelief,
ἐνκεντρισθήσονται·
[ then ] they will be grafted in.
δυνατὸς γάρ ἐστιν ὁ θεὸς πάλιν ἐνκεντρίσαι αὐτούς.
For God is able to graft them in again .
εἰ γὰρ σὺ ἐκ τῆς κατὰ φύσιν ἐξεκόπης ἀγριελαίου
For if you were cut off of the olive tree which is wild according to nature
καὶ παρὰ φύσιν ἐνεκεντρίσθης εἰς καλλιέλαιον,
and were grafted into the cultivated olive tree, contrary to nature,
progression
πόσῳ μᾶλλον οὗτοι οἱ κατὰ φύσιν ἐνκεντρισθήσονται τῇ ἰδίᾳ ἐλαίᾳ.
[ then ] how much more will these, the natural [branches], be grafted into their own olive tree!
discourse
10000000075223 75223 Arc 2011-04-18 22:43:31 2011-04-19 09:07:18 editing Romans 11 17 11 24 Romans 11:17-24 45 NT tisch mine i425765 i425766 i425767 i425768 i425769 i425770 i425737 Εἰ δέ τινες τῶν κλάδων ἐξεκλάσθησαν, But if some of the branches were broken off, i425738 σὺ δὲ ἀγριέλαιος ὢν ἐνεκεντρίσθης ἐν αὐτοῖς but you, being a wild olive shoot, were grafted into them, i425739 καὶ συνκοινωνὸς τῆς ῥίζης τῆς πιότητος τῆς ἐλαίας ἐγένου, and you have become a fellow-partaker of the root of the oil of the olive tree. series i425740 μὴ κατακαυχῶ τῶν κλάδων· [ then ] DO NOT BOAST OVER THE BRANCHES! conditional 2 i425771 i425741 εἰ δὲ κατακαυχᾶσαι, But if you boast, i425772 i425742 οὐ σὺ τὴν ῥίζαν βαστάζεις [ then remember that] you do not support the root, i425743 ἀλλὰ ἡ ῥίζα σέ. but the root [supports] you! negativepositive 2 conditional 2 alternative i425773 i425774 i425744 ἐρεῖς οὖν, Therefore , you will say: i425775 i425745 ἐξεκλάσθησαν κλάδοι Branches were broken off, i425746 ἵνα ἐγὼ ἐγκεντρισθῶ. in order that I might be grafted in. actionpurpose 2 ideaexplanation 1 i425776 i425777 i425747 καλῶς· 'Swell. i425778 i425748 τῇ ἀπιστίᾳ ἐξεκλάσθησαν, They were broken off because of unbelief, i425749 σὺ δὲ τῇ πίστει ἕστηκας. and by means of faith/belief you have stood. series ideaexplanation 1 i425779 i425780 i425750 μὴ ὑψηλὰ φρόνει, DO NOT THINK HIGH [things about yourself or your desert or your election etc], i425751 ἀλλὰ φοβοῦ· BUT FEAR! negativepositive 2 i425781 i425752 εἰ γὰρ ὁ θεὸς τῶν κατὰ φύσιν κλάδων οὐκ ἐφείσατο, For if God did not spare the according-to-nature branches, i425753 οὐδὲ σοῦ φείσεται. [ then ] neither will he spare you! conditional 2 ground 1 inference 2 situationresponse 2 1 inference 2 i425782 i425754 ἴδε οὖν χρηστότητα καὶ ἀποτομίαν θεοῦ· Therefore , BEHOLD the kindness and severity of God: i425783 i425755 ἐπὶ μὲν τοὺς πεσόντας ἀποτομία, on the one hand , severity to the ones who have fallen, i425784 i425756 ἐπὶ δὲ σὲ χρηστότης θεοῦ, and on the other hand the kindness of God to you , i425785 i425757 ἐὰν ἐπιμένῃς τῇ χρηστότητι, if [=provided] you might remain in [His] kindness, i425758 ἐπεὶ καὶ σὺ ἐκκοπήσῃ. otherwise even you will be cut off! negativepositive 2 1 negativepositive 2 ideaexplanation 1 inference 2 i425786 i425787 i425759 κἀκεῖνοι δέ, ἐὰν μὴ ἐπιμένωσιν τῇ ἀπιστίᾳ, And even those [people = Jews], if they might not remain in unbelief, i425760 ἐνκεντρισθήσονται· [ then ] they will be grafted in. conditional 2 i425788 i425761 δυνατὸς γάρ ἐστιν ὁ θεὸς πάλιν ἐνκεντρίσαι αὐτούς. For God is able to graft them in again . i425789 i425790 i425762 εἰ γὰρ σὺ ἐκ τῆς κατὰ φύσιν ἐξεκόπης ἀγριελαίου For if you were cut off of the olive tree which is wild according to nature i425763 καὶ παρὰ φύσιν ἐνεκεντρίσθης εἰς καλλιέλαιον, and were grafted into the cultivated olive tree, contrary to nature, progression i425764 πόσῳ μᾶλλον οὗτοι οἱ κατὰ φύσιν ἐνκεντρισθήσονται τῇ ἰδίᾳ ἐλαίᾳ. [ then ] how much more will these, the natural [branches], be grafted into their own olive tree! conditional 2 ground 1 ground 1 progression 1 1 1 tisch 25 mine 25 a 50 discourse
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