Righteousness by Faith
Romans 9:30-33
In Rom.
Published June 1st, 2012
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This page was automatically converted from a module that was shared prior to the release of Published Pages. Additionally, the arc below was auto-converted from the arc created by the author (which used the old module), and so it is possible there are misplaced logical relationships.
notes 1452680587286 Disclaimer This page was automatically converted from a module that was shared prior to the release of Published Pages. Additionally, the arc below was auto-converted from the arc created by the author (which used the old module), and so it is possible there are misplaced logical relationships.
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2010-11-29 00:45:58
2010-11-29 12:27:25
In Rom. 9:30-33 Paul again takes up his diatribe format, this time with a more general question: What shall we say? The "therefore" is in response to the just proven fact (in vv 24-29) that many Israelites will perish outside of the remnant and many of the Gentiles will be saved instead! The interlocutor then asks Why? (v 32a). Paul answers his own question, according to the diatribe format (vv 32b-33). The reason this is the case is because the Gentiles have pursued righteousness by faith, while the Israelites pursued the law legalistically to attain righteousness by works, and not by faith. Paul backs this up, or grounds it, with an OT quote from Isaiah. I see the whole of vv 30b-33 as a response or answer to the question in 30a. The why question in v 32 is thus inside this longer response. Paul first answers his own question in v 30a with the good news and then the bad news. The question of why is directed to the bad news of why Israel did not attain righteousness. Verses 32-33 are then grounds in the form of question and answer to vv 30b-31. The quote from Isaiah is proof that Paul is justified in saying what he did; it is his proof that God knew this was going to happen, and even foreordained it.
10000000059350 59350 Notes 2010-11-29 00:45:58 2010-11-29 12:27:25 In Rom. 9:30-33 Paul again takes up his diatribe format, this time with a more general question: What shall we say? The "therefore" is in response to the just proven fact (in vv 24-29) that many Israelites will perish outside of the remnant and many of the Gentiles will be saved instead! The interlocutor then asks Why? (v 32a). Paul answers his own question, according to the diatribe format (vv 32b-33). The reason this is the case is because the Gentiles have pursued righteousness by faith, while the Israelites pursued the law legalistically to attain righteousness by works, and not by faith. Paul backs this up, or grounds it, with an OT quote from Isaiah. I see the whole of vv 30b-33 as a response or answer to the question in 30a. The why question in v 32 is thus inside this longer response. Paul first answers his own question in v 30a with the good news and then the bad news. The question of why is directed to the bad news of why Israel did not attain righteousness. Verses 32-33 are then grounds in the form of question and answer to vv 30b-31. The quote from Isaiah is proof that Paul is justified in saying what he did; it is his proof that God knew this was going to happen, and even foreordained it. notes
Arc
2010-11-29 00:45:58
2010-11-29 12:27:25
editing
Romans
Romans 9:30-33
NT
tisch
mine
Τί οὖν ἐροῦμεν;
[ Realizing that the Gentile inclusion is part of God's plan and always has been, as seen from the prophets, and that most of Israel will not be saved, but only a small remnant] Therefore, what shall we say?
ὅτι ἔθνη τὰ μὴ διώκοντα δικαιοσύνην κατέλαβεν δικαιοσύνην, δικαιοσύνην δὲ τὴν ἐκ πίστεως,
[We shall say] that the Gentiles - the ones not pursuing righteousness - ( meaning, not pursuing righteousness as if they could attain it of their own accord by following the law) reached righteousness, namely the righteousness which [is] from faith,
Ἰσραὴλ δὲ διώκων νόμον δικαιοσύνης εἰς νόμον οὐκ ἔφθασεν.
BUT Israel - pursuing the law of righteousness unto law (i.e., legalism) did not attain [righteousness].
negativepositive
διατί;
Why?
ὅτι οὐκ ἐκ πίστεως
Because [Israel tried to attain it] not from faith,
ἀλλ’ ὡς ἐξ ἔργων·
but as from works.
προσέκοψαν τῷ λίθῳ τοῦ προσκόμματος,
They stumbled on the stone, the stumbling stone,
alternative
καθὼς γέγραπται·
As it has been written:
ἰδοὺ τίθημι ἐν Σιὼν λίθον προσκόμματος
Behold! I place in Zion a stone of stumbling
καὶ πέτραν σκανδάλου,
and a rock of scandal,
concessive
καὶ ὁ πιστεύων ἐπ’ αὐτῷ οὐ καταισχυνθήσεται.
but the one believing in him will not be shamed (or put to shame ).
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10000000059350 59350 Arc 2010-11-29 00:45:58 2010-11-29 12:27:25 editing Romans 9 30 9 33 Romans 9:30-33 45 NT tisch mine i425521 i425510 Τί οὖν ἐροῦμεν; [ Realizing that the Gentile inclusion is part of God's plan and always has been, as seen from the prophets, and that most of Israel will not be saved, but only a small remnant] Therefore, what shall we say? i425522 i425523 i425511 ὅτι ἔθνη τὰ μὴ διώκοντα δικαιοσύνην κατέλαβεν δικαιοσύνην, δικαιοσύνην δὲ τὴν ἐκ πίστεως, [We shall say] that the Gentiles - the ones not pursuing righteousness - ( meaning, not pursuing righteousness as if they could attain it of their own accord by following the law) reached righteousness, namely the righteousness which [is] from faith, i425512 Ἰσραὴλ δὲ διώκων νόμον δικαιοσύνης εἰς νόμον οὐκ ἔφθασεν. BUT Israel - pursuing the law of righteousness unto law (i.e., legalism) did not attain [righteousness]. negativepositive 2 1 i425524 i425525 i425513 διατί; Why? i425526 i425527 i425514 ὅτι οὐκ ἐκ πίστεως Because [Israel tried to attain it] not from faith, i425515 ἀλλ’ ὡς ἐξ ἔργων· but as from works. negativepositive 2 i425516 προσέκοψαν τῷ λίθῳ τοῦ προσκόμματος, They stumbled on the stone, the stumbling stone, alternative i425528 i425517 καθὼς γέγραπται· As it has been written: i425529 i425530 i425518 ἰδοὺ τίθημι ἐν Σιὼν λίθον προσκόμματος Behold! I place in Zion a stone of stumbling i425519 καὶ πέτραν σκανδάλου, and a rock of scandal, concessive 2 i425520 καὶ ὁ πιστεύων ἐπ’ αὐτῷ οὐ καταισχυνθήσεται. but the one believing in him will not be shamed (or put to shame ). comparison 1 1 ideaexplanation 1 ground 1 ground 1 questionanswer 2 1 1 1 tisch 25 mine 25 a 50 discourse
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