Main point summary
Above everyone else—including faithful Moses—fix your mind on Jesus! For Jesus is the divine builder, whereas Moses was built by him; Moses was a servant in God's house, whereas Jesus is the house owner's son; and we who hope in him to the end are the house.
Therefore, holy brothers, 1 you who share in r a heavenly calling, consider Jesus, s the apostle and high priest of our confession,
לָכֵן, אַחַי הַקְּדוֹשִׁים, אֲשֶׁר חֶלְקְכֶם בִּקְרִיאָה שְׁמֵימִית, הִתְבּוֹנְנוּ אֶל הַשָּׁלִיחַ וְהַכֺּהֵן הַגָּדוֹל שֶׁל הַכְרָזַת אֱמוּנָתֵנוּ, יֵשׁוּעַ,
Ὅθεν, ἀδελφοὶ ἅγιοι, κλήσεως ἐπουρανίου μέτοχοι, κατανοήσατε τὸν ἀπόστολον καὶ ἀρχιερέα τῆς ὁμολογίας ἡμῶν Ἰησοῦν,
who was faithful to him who appointed him,
הַנֶּאֱמָן לַמְכוֹנֵן אוֹתוֹ,
πιστὸν ὄντα τῷ ποιήσαντι αὐτὸν
t just as Moses also was faithful in all God’s 1 house.
כְּמוֹ שֶׁהָיָה גַּם מֺשֶׁה בְּכָל בֵּיתוֹ;
ὡς καὶ Μωϋσῆς ἐν [ὅλῳ] τῷ οἴκῳ αὐτοῦ.
For Jesus has been counted worthy of more glory than Moses—
וַהֲרֵי הוּא נִמְצָא רָאוּי לְכָבוֹד רַב יוֹתֵר מִשֶּׁזָּכָה לוֹ מֺשֶׁה,
πλείονος γὰρ οὗτος δόξης παρὰ Μωϋσῆν ἠξίωται,
as much more glory as the builder of a house has more honor than the house itself.
בְּאוֹתָהּ מִדָּה שֶׁבּוֹנֵה הַבַּיִת נִכְבָּד יוֹתֵר מִן הַבַּיִת.
καθʼ ὅσον πλείονα τιμὴν ἔχει τοῦ οἴκου ὁ κατασκευάσας αὐτόν•
(For every house is built by someone,
הֵן כָּל בַּיִת יֵשׁ לוֹ בּוֹנֶה,
πᾶς γὰρ οἶκος κατασκευάζεται ὑπό τινος,
but and u the builder of all things is God.)
אַךְ ו בּוֹנֵה הַכֺּל הוּא הָאֱלֹהִים.
ὁ δὲ πάντα κατασκευάσας θεός.
v Now And Moses was faithful in all God’s house w as a servant, x to testify to the things that were to be spoken later,
מֺשֶׁה אָמְנָם הָיָה נֶאֱמָן בְּכָל בֵּיתוֹ, כְּעֶבֶד, לְשֵׁם עֵדוּת עַל הַדְּבָרִים אֲשֶׁר הָיוּ עֲתִידִים לְהֵאָמֵר,
καὶ Μωϋσῆς μὲν πιστὸς ἐν ὅλῳ τῷ οἴκῳ αὐτοῦ ὡς θεράπων εἰς μαρτύριον τῶν λαληθησομένων,
but Christ is faithful over God’s house as y a son.
אֲבָל הַמָּשִׁיחַ הוּא כְּבֵן עַל בֵּיתוֹ;
Χριστὸς δὲ ὡς υἱὸς ἐπὶ τὸν οἶκον αὐτοῦ•
And z we are his house
οὗ οἶκός ἐσμεν ἡμεῖς,
if indeed we a hold fast our confidence and our boasting in our hope. 1
אִם נַחֲזִיק עַד קֵץ בַּבִּטָּחוֹן וּבַתִּקְוָה שֶׁאָנוּ מִתְהַלְּלִים בָּהּ.
ἐάν [περ] τὴν παρρησίαν καὶ τὸ καύχημα τῆς ἐλπίδος κατάσχωμεν.
(Paraphrase of vs 1-2 ) We can also think of faithful Moses as a point of comparison when seeking to expound on who Jesus is...
Is the sense of “house” in verse 6 meant to be understood as the physical building of God, or his household? Perhaps both. First, we should note that their is a wealth of usage of both these concepts throughout the New Testament (see the ESV cfs in vs 6). As for the context here, Moses particularly is likened to being a part of the physical building of God (vs 3). And he is distinguished from the household in the second comparison with Jesus, and instead called a servant. But before we simply conclude that the sense is in fact that of the physical building, we also should note where we have come from in the first two chapters of the book of Hebrews. Jesus has suffered to sanctify us that he may unashamedly call us his brothers and children—not his servants. Yes, we are living stones making up a holy temple for the Lord. But we are also his sons—the very family of God, so long as our elder brother Jesus remains our hope and confidence.
Confidence a condition?
Is assurance of salvation a condition of our salvation according to vs 6? No, but assurance of Jesus' sufficiency is. (4:15-16, 10:19-23, 10:32-36) It is like living in a bomb shelter during a war. If we are not confident in the strength of the bomb shelter, then we are not allowed in. But that is different that falling asleep and being oppressed by a dream that I am somewhere else with a missile about to land upon me. I wake up from this nightmare and the shelter is dark. In that moment, my assurance has been shaken—not in the strength of the shelter, but whether or not I am really in the shelter. I look quickly for the light and my fears disappear in a flash the moment I confirm where I am—safe in the shelter of Christ.
We would do well to note the “therefore” that begins our passage think on what has come before... Given that God has met us personally in the Person of his Son, consider Jesus! Given that he is heir of all, consider Jesus! Given his role in creating the universe, consider Jesus! Given the fact he perfectly shines forth all of God's glory, consider Jesus! Given that he is the ultimate Image of God, consider Jesus! Given that you—and everything else—only continues to exist because he is holding you together, consider Jesus! Given that he has atoned for our sins, consider Jesus! Given that he sits on the throne of all existence, consider Jesus! Given his superiority over every spiritual being and force, consider Jesus! Given his being God's very Son—one of his nature, consider Jesus! Given that heaven worships him, consider Jesus! Given that his term as King of the Universe will never come to an end, consider Jesus! Given that he loves what is good and hates what is evil, consider Jesus! Given that there is no one happier, consider Jesus! Given that all that is was made by him, consider Jesus! Given that he will never die again nor change, consider Jesus! Given that he will rest his feet upon all his enemies, consider Jesus! Given the great salvation found only in him, consider Jesus! Given what he has taught us, consider Jesus! Given his unspeakable humility in becoming man, consider Jesus! Given that all will honor and bow to him, consider Jesus! Given that he has tasted death so it might not enslave you, consider Jesus! Given that he makes you holy, consider Jesus! Given that we are in the image of God and he is the Image of God, consider Jesus! Given that he calls you family, consider Jesus! Given that he teaches us how to walk with God and worship, consider Jesus! Given that he died to put to death the one who held death's whip, consider Jesus! Given that he frees us from slavery to fear, consider Jesus! Given that he can perfectly sympathize with you having been through it all, consider Jesus! Given that he is the only high priest who can make you right with God, consider Jesus! Given that he has been sacrificed for the sins of God's people, consider Jesus! Given that he can truly help you overcome temptation, consider Jesus! Given who he is, and who we are in him, consider Jesus! In everything and at every moment, consider Jesus!