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Andy Hubert
child of God / husband / father / creator of Biblearc / teacher / programmer
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All religions of rule-following, including looking to God's law for hope, are but the same weak and worthless worldliness.
Galatians 4:8-11
Words are cheap. Finding someone who faithfully lives out his words is something else altogether!
Proverbs 20
Which part of a conversation do you most enjoy———the part where you listen and learn, or the part where you say what you think?
Proverbs 18:2
If you ever don't know what to do, James makes it simple...pray!
James 5:13-18
The whole world is “Live. Die. Repeat.”
Ecclesiastes 1:2-11
“We can never know who God is or even if he exists.” He has told us who he is and you know it is true by the way it pierces your heart.
Romans 10:5-13
Parables of guilt and grace from the story of David, Bathsheba and Uriah.
2 Samuel 11:1-12:25
Can you find the gospel in Genesis 3:20-24?
Genesis 3:20-24
“Go and learn what this means, 'I desire mercy, and not sacrifice.'” Have you done your homework?
Hosea 6:4-11
The book of Hebrews speaks of six foundational elements to faith in Christ. Do you know them?
Hebrews 5:11-6:3
A believer knows, receives, follows and trusts Jesus.
Mark 8:27-38
Settle the gospel once and for all, so that you can begin to eternally explore its glory.
Hebrews 5:11-6:3
Why are God's rules not like a prison?
Galatians 3:23-26
Can you teach the foundations of faith in Jesus?
Hebrews 5:11-6:3
If Jesus had not become weak, then while Jesus would himself still be perfect, he would not be the perfect Savior.
Hebrews 4:14-5:10
The one who brings us to the throne of God's grace himself sits on the same throne.
Hebrews 4:14-5:10
We stay Christians when we keep coming to Christ.
Hebrews 4:14-5:10
With God's people / wandering alone / brought back by a brother / saved from Hell
James 5:19-20
If you ever don't know what to do, James makes it simple. But you need to follow the directions!
James 5:13-18
Confidence in the shelter of God's Son is the condition for salvation.
Hebrews 3:1-4:13
How compassionate is God to show us his purposes! We are not at all in the dark as we await the King of Glory.
James 5:7-12
USE your money now for justice and mercy, lest the “security” of your savings become your refuge... and demise.
James 5:1-6
The Bible does not teach us to fast or stay up late for the purpose of seeking a special calling from God.
God's Special Callings
The I AM gives out grace and mercy on the basis of sovereign freedom alone.
Romans 9:14-18
Jesus: the sovereign, victorious Savior-King.
Hebrews 1:1-4
Open your eyes to the broadcast of God's glory in the lives of ALL those around you!
Romans 9:14-18
Why is it that those who believe in predestination and those who believe in future promises for Israel are so often not the same people?
Romans 9
When we unjustly speak against others, we are acting like God. (And that's bad!)
James 4:11-12
Bible stories teach theology.
Romans 9:6-13
God's timing is not only perfect, it is revelatory.
Romans 9:6-13
How does a man/woman of faith responds to apparent contradictions in the Bible?
Romans 9:1-5
Do you know how to biblically recognize privilege in your life?
Romans 9:4-5
“But he gives more grace.” The sweetness of these words is beyond words.
James 4:1-10
Christians are those who love God. Christians are those who love one another. Christians are those who love the lost.
Romans 9:1-3
Fruitfulness lies at the center of what it means to be a Christian.
John 15:1-17
Those with true wisdom don't talk about it; they show it.
James 3:13-18
Would you “waste” your life with me?
Mark 14:3-9
God’s kingdom is a kingdom of righteousness; a reality that remains firm in the New Covenant.
Matthew 5:17-20
The danger in teaching is found in the fact that it employs a powerful area of our lives with which we all struggle.
James 3:1-5
“Whatever overcomes a person, to that he is enslaved.”
2 Peter 2:17-22
We are counted righteous by faith-revealing works, since only a faith that works counts for anything.
James 2:14-26
God forbid that the Church draw people the way politicians do.
2 Peter 2:17-22
What does Jesus mean when he says, "your faith has made you well?"
Mark 10:46-52
Jonah did not love mercy though he happily received it. He simply loved himself.
James 2:1-13
What does it actually mean to worship the Lord?
Psalm 130:1-5
Jesus' great disciples are those who are servants of all, because Jesus is the ultimate servant in the gospel.
Mark 10:35-45
"Better is the little that the righteous has"--it is enough to be abundant in generosity.
Psalms 37:25-26
If we gain a view of the day to come, we will lose the turmoil in our hearts today.
Psalms 37:12-13
Believers are living stones; non-believers trip over the keystone.
1 Peter 2:4-8
"The salvation of the righteous is from the Lord."
Psalms 37:39
The Lord declares to his Son, the once-dead-king, "Rise up, O God; judge the earth. For you shall inherit the nations!"
Psalms 82:1-8
We shall have no fear in stumbling if we are holding God's hand.
Psalms 37:23-24
Be dumbfounded for the glory of God!
Romans 8:31-39
Threats may in fact win the day, but not the third.
Romans 8:31-39
Hate everything that revolves around you. Willingly walk the road of suffering. Renounce all that you possess.
Luke 14:25-33
Jesus' disciples hate what revolves around them.
Luke 14:25-33
No one coerced Jesus to bear the cross on our behalf.
Mark 10:17-52
Beware of your tongue.
James 3:5-12
There are only two alternatives—either Jesus is not good because he is not God, or he is good and likewise he is God.
Mark 10:17-22
We were lowly in our sin; he became lowly to wash away that sin. He shall return in glory as our great God; we shall reflect that glory as those belonging to him.
Titus 2:11-15
Do you struggle with fear in evangelism? God's cure will surprise you.
Philippians 1:12-14
What is the purpose of prayer? Why ought we to ask God for things? One answer is that prayer is meant to prove me.
John 15:7-8
Take joy, O kings, in trembling before God by turning to his Son for refuge.
Psalms 2
God's love for us Romans 5:1-5 Justification, peace with God and access to grace come via  fait...
Faith and love because of hope
Arc.
Colossians 1:9-12
Main point summary. Arc.
Colossians 1:3-8
Outline of Colossians I.
Colossians summary
Phrase.
Matthew 13:44
Arc.
Acts 7:2-53
Main point summary. Arc.
Acts 17:22-31
Bracket.
1 Peter 2:1-3
Bracket.
Daniel 4:1-37
Arc.
Daniel 4:1-37
Bracket.
Mark 8:34-38
Arc.
Mark 8:34-38
Arc.
Romans 8:9-11
Arc.
Romans 8:9-11
Wed 9am discussion group.
1 John 4:7-12
Arc.
1 Timothy 6:17-19
Arc.
1 Corinthians 1:26-29
Arc.
Genesis 3:20-24
Central Idea Be warned that judgment is coming Benjamin (and Judah)! The Lord himself will rot you a...
Torn that You May Seek
Arc.
Hosea 5:8-15
Central Idea O Israel (and Judah), let us turn back to the Lord and seek to know him, for he is fait...
Let Us Return to the Lord!
Arc.
Hosea 6:1-3
Bracket.
John 15:12-17
Main point [Jesus:] Love one another like I have loved you by setting my course to die for you as my...
Love one another like I love
Arc.
John 15:12-17
Bracket.
John 14:25-31
Bracket.
John 14:18-24
Main point Rejoice and believe since I have told you that I am going to the Father and leaving you my peace via the Holy Spirit.
Rejoice and Believe at What I Have Told You
Arc.
John 14:25-31
Main point [Jesus:] I will come to you and this is how--you will see me after death, find new life b...
How Jesus Comes to Us
Arc.
John 14:18-24
Bracket.
John 14:15-17
Bracket.
John 14:12-14
Bracket.
John 14:1-7
Bracket.
John 14:8-11
Arc.
Romans 1:8-17
Main point To those who love me , the Father will give the Spirit, who you know in knowing me.
The Spirit of truth coming...whom you know
Arc.
John 14:15-17
Main point You will do great works via prayer in my name [and so assure you hearts that you know God...
The middle purpose
Arc.
John 14:12-14
Main point Jesus: It is absurd to ask to see God after being with me, since seeing me is seeing the Father.
Dayenu to be with Jesus
Arc.
John 14:8-11
Main point summary. Discourse.
Acts 2:14-41
Bracket.
John 14:1-7
Main point Trust God by trusting me, for I am going to prepare for you to come and you know the way to God because you know me.
Trust God with peace, for you know me
Arc.
John 14:1-7
Diagram.
Colossians 4:2-6
Holy, blameless and above reproach.
Colossians 1:22
Diagram.
Colossians 3:18-4:1
Diagram.
Colossians 3:5-17
Diagram.
Colossians 3:1-4
Diagram.
Colossians 2:16-23
Arc.
Romans 16:25-27
Bracket.
Matthew 5:17-20
Diagram.
Colossians 2:6-15
Diagram.
Colossians 1:24-2:5
Bracket.
Acts 1:1-11
Diagram.
Colossians 1:21-23
Diagram.
Colossians 1:9-20
דיאגרמה.
Colossians 1:3-8
Bracket.
1 Corinthians 1:26-31
Diagram.
Colossians 1:1-2
Bracket.
John 12:44-50
Bracket.
Ephesians 2:1-10
Diagram.
Ephesians 2:1-10
Diagram.
1 Thessalonians 5:12-22
Diagram.
1 Thessalonians 5:1-11
Diagram.
2 Timothy 2:7
Diagram.
Romans 8:28
Diagram.
1 Thessalonians 4:13-18
Diagram.
Hebrews 1:1-4
Diagram.
1 Thessalonians 4:1-12
Diagram.
1 Thessalonians 3:6-13
Diagram.
1 Peter 1:17-19
Diagram.
1 Thessalonians 2:17-3:5
Diagram.
Ephesians 3:7-12
Shown to whom? "Everyone" Demonic rulers and authorities, and perhaps angelic rulers as well.
Displaying God's wisdom
Diagram.
Romans 16:25-27
Diagram.
1 Thessalonians 2:9-16
Diagram.
John 1:1
Diagram.
Galatians 5:22-23
Diagram.
1 Thessalonians 2:1-8
Diagram.
1 Thessalonians 1:2-10
Diagram.
Romans 8:28
Diagram.
1 Thessalonians 1:1
Diagram.
John 14:1
Diagram.
Ephesians 2:4-7
Diagram.
James 1:19-20
Diagram.
John 3:31
Diagram.
1 John 1:9
Diagram.
1 Peter 1:13
מושא משנה.
John 14:26
קולוסים א22.
Colossians 1:22
רומים ה1-2.
Romans 5:1-2
יוחנן א1.
John 1:1
יוחנן ג16.
John 3:16
מפה של רכיבי דיאגרמה.
Genesis 1:1
Diagram.
Romans 1:16-17
Diagram.
1 John 3:1-3
Your Plans and the Will of God Definitions Revealed will of God = What God clearly reveals to us fro...
התוכניות שלך ורצון האלוהים
Creation God works (i.
עבודה - A biblical theology of work
Diagram.
Ephesians 1:15-23
Diagram (with Seth).
Ephesians 1:3-14
Diagram.
Ephesians 1:1-2
Two People That Do Not Exist There is a single, surprisingly simple biblical truth that answers two ...
United to Jesus, let us live to God
Main idea : United with Jesus in death and resurrection, let us present ourselves to God and righteousness.
Romans 6:1-14
Q:  What is the  "hope of glory" ? A: "Messiah in you" according to Col 1:27.
Romans 5:1-11
"because all sinned" (vs 12) - does this mean that all sinned in Adam or that all have sinned indivi...
Romans 5:12-100
Main Idea : Nothing of righteousness was gained by Abraham according to the flesh; therefore, t...
Romans 4:11-12
Exegetical Idea : John calls those born of God to aspire to LOVE -- something motivated and defined ...
1 John 4:7-12
Central Idea Those united to Christ by faith need no longer fear condemnation, because their sin has...
Romans 8:1-8
Central Idea Because of Messiah's shocking love, work-out your salvation in joyful awe.
Philippians 2:12-13
Jesus doesn't "believe in you," but this is good news! Central Idea We do not need Jesus to "believe...
John 2:23-25
Why does the snake receive a specific curse being this book is not for him?! The reason, I think, is...
Genesis 3:14-19
C
2 Peter 1:5-11
Vs 17 is the main point.
John 5:1-18
God is righteous!! And his heart and plan overflow to be a righteous, righteous-maker of sinners.
Romans 3:21-26
“Either this book will keep you from sin, or sin will keep you from this book.” (John Bunyan)
Psalms 1
For the main points of the narrative, relating them in a Progression seemed to be most helpful.
Luke 2:8-20
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Zeal to build
1 Corinthians 14
Love means building others. Building others requires understanding, intentionality and orderliness.
#love
#order
#build
Published July 17th, 2019; Updated July 17th, 2019
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Main point summary
Paragraph-level paraphrase
Arc
Note: The nature of tongues
notes
Main point summary
Run after love, and in love be zealous to orderly exercise spiritual gifts so as to build the church. Particularly, [a] worship with both your spirit and mind (i.e. not in uninterpreted tongues), and [b] come to gatherings ready to contribute when/if it is appropriately your turn.
Paragraph-level paraphrase
NT
1 Corinthians 14:1-40
mine
Run after love, and be zealous for spiritual gifts like prophecy.
The person speaking in a tongue builds himself up only (with only God able to understand) whereas the one prophesying builds the church. [ground]
I value someone prophesying over speaking in tongues (without interpretation); in fact, prophesy is greater! [ground]
I cannot benefit you with a tongue alone, just as instruments which cannot hit notes are useless. [comparison]
You too—if you only speak in tongues, you will be speaking to the air. [explanation]
Languages have meaning and so it misses the point if I don't know the meaning. [Implied: therefore, I seek what is meaningful.] [comparison]
You too—seek gifts to build the church. [explanation]
Therefore, pray, sing and thank God with both with spirit and mind (i.e. not in tongues unless it is with interpretation) for your own sake and to build up others. [explanation]
I greatly appreciate speaking in tongues, but would far rather teach with my mind. [explanation]
The Law teaches us that tongues are a sign (typically of judgment) for non-believers, while prophecy is to make and build believers. Therefore, if you are all speaking in tongues and a non-believer (of simply someone who doesn't know the tongue) visits, he will think you are crazy (and stay a non-believer). Whereas if you are all prophesying, he will repent. [Tongues are a sign to get people to pay attention (think Acts 2), whereas prophecy involves teaching the gospel and actually seeing people saved.] [ground]
Therefore, each person should come to your gatherings with a way to build others up. [explanation]
For tongues this means 2-3 speakers and always with interpretation. [explanation]
For prophecy this means 2-3 speakers, deferring to one another and weighing what is said. [explanation]
Women should keep silent in church as prophecies are evaluated and different people are given permission to speak. [explanation]
The true prophets and those truly spiritual will recognized that I write Jesus' command, not my own. [parentheses]
So then, while you ought to earnestly desire to prophesy and not forbid tongues, [the main point is that] all things must be orderly. [summary]
phrasing
Arc
1 Corinthians 14:1-40
na28
esv
Διώκετε τὴν ἀγάπην, ζηλοῦτε δὲ τὰ πνευματικά,
s Pursue love, and t earnestly desire the u spiritual gifts,
Pursue love and be jealous for that which is spiritual,
μᾶλλον δὲ ἵνα προφητεύητε.
especially that you may v prophesy.
and specifically in order to prophesy.
ideaexplanation
ὁ γὰρ λαλῶν γλώσσῃ οὐκ ἀνθρώποις λαλεῖ
For w one who speaks in a tongue speaks not to men
ἀλλὰ θεῷ•
but to God;
negativepositive
οὐδεὶς γὰρ ἀκούει,
for no one understands him,
πνεύματι δὲ λαλεῖ μυστήρια•
but he utters mysteries in the Spirit.
ground
ὁ δὲ προφητεύων ἀνθρώποις λαλεῖ οἰκοδομὴν καὶ παράκλησιν καὶ παραμυθίαν.
On the other hand, the one who prophesies speaks to people for their upbuilding and encouragement and consolation.
ὁ λαλῶν γλώσσῃ ἑαυτὸν οἰκοδομεῖ•
The one who speaks in a tongue builds up himself,
ὁ δὲ προφητεύων ἐκκλησίαν οἰκοδομεῖ.
but the one who prophesies builds up the church.
θέλω δὲ πάντας ὑμᾶς λαλεῖν γλώσσαις,
Now I want you all to speak in tongues,
μᾶλλον δὲ ἵνα προφητεύητε•
but x even more to prophesy.
concessive
μείζων δὲ ὁ προφητεύων ἢ ὁ λαλῶν γλώσσαις
The one who prophesies is greater than the one who speaks in tongues,
ἐκτὸς εἰ μὴ διερμηνεύῃ,
unless someone interprets,
conditional
ἵνα ἡ ἐκκλησία οἰκοδομὴν λάβῃ.
so that the church may be built up.
actionpurpose
progression
Νῦν δέ, ἀδελφοί, ἐὰν ἔλθω πρὸς ὑμᾶς γλώσσαις λαλῶν,
Now, brothers, 1 if I come to you speaking in tongues,
τί ὑμᾶς ὠφελήσω
how will I benefit you
ἐὰν μὴ ὑμῖν λαλήσω ἢ ἐν ἀποκαλύψει ἢ ἐν γνώσει ἢ ἐν προφητείᾳ ἢ [ἐν] διδαχῇ;
unless I bring you [ lit. speak to you with] some y revelation or knowledge or prophecy or z teaching?
ὅμως τὰ ἄψυχα φωνὴν διδόντα, εἴτε αὐλὸς εἴτε κιθάρα, ἐὰν διαστολὴν τοῖς φθόγγοις μὴ δῷ,
If even lifeless instruments, such as the flute or the harp, do not give distinct notes,
πῶς γνωσθήσεται τὸ αὐλούμενον ἢ τὸ κιθαριζόμενον;
how will anyone know what is played?
καὶ γὰρ ἐὰν ἄδηλον σάλπιγξ φωνὴν δῷ,
And a if the bugle gives an indistinct sound,
τίς παρασκευάσεται εἰς πόλεμον;
who will get ready for battle?
series
comparison
οὕτως καὶ ὑμεῖς
So with yourselves,
διὰ τῆς γλώσσης ἐὰν μὴ εὔσημον λόγον δῶτε,
if with your tongue you utter speech that is not intelligible,
πῶς γνωσθήσεται τὸ λαλούμενον;
how will anyone know what is said?
ἔσεσθε γὰρ εἰς ἀέρα λαλοῦντες.
For you will be b speaking into the air.
τοσαῦτα εἰ τύχοι γένη φωνῶν εἰσιν ἐν κόσμῳ
There are doubtless many different languages in the world,
καὶ οὐδὲν ἄφωνον•
and none is without meaning,
ἐὰν οὖν μὴ εἰδῶ τὴν δύναμιν τῆς φωνῆς,
but [ lit. therefore] if I do not know the meaning of the language,
ἔσομαι τῷ λαλοῦντι βάρβαρος
I will be c a foreigner to the speaker
καὶ ὁ λαλῶν ἐν ἐμοὶ βάρβαρος.
and the speaker a foreigner to me.
inference
οὕτως καὶ ὑμεῖς,
So with yourselves,
ἐπεὶ ζηλωταί ἐστε πνευμάτων,
since you are eager for [manifestations of] the Spirit,
πρὸς τὴν οἰκοδομὴν τῆς ἐκκλησίας ζητεῖτε ἵνα περισσεύητε.
strive to excel in building up the church.
Διὸ ὁ λαλῶν γλώσσῃ προσευχέσθω ἵνα διερμηνεύῃ.
Therefore, one who speaks in a tongue should pray that he may interpret.
ἐὰν [γὰρ] προσεύχωμαι γλώσσῃ,
For if I pray in a tongue,
τὸ πνεῦμά μου προσεύχεται,
my spirit prays
ὁ δὲ νοῦς μου ἄκαρπός ἐστιν.
but my mind is unfruitful.
τί οὖν ἐστιν;
[lit. therefore] What am I to do?
προσεύξομαι τῷ πνεύματι,
I will pray with my spirit,
προσεύξομαι δὲ καὶ τῷ νοΐ•
but I will pray with my mind also;
ψαλῶ τῷ πνεύματι,
d I will sing praise with my spirit,
ψαλῶ δὲ καὶ τῷ νοΐ.
but I will e sing with my mind also.
questionanswer
ἐπεὶ ἐὰν εὐλογῇς [ἐν] πνεύματι,
Otherwise, if you give thanks with your spirit,
ὁ ἀναπληρῶν τὸν τόπον τοῦ ἰδιώτου πῶς ἐρεῖ τὸ ἀμὴν ἐπὶ τῇ σῇ εὐχαριστίᾳ;
how can anyone in the position of an outsider 1 say f “Amen” to g your thanksgiving
ἐπειδὴ τί λέγεις οὐκ οἶδεν•
when he does not know what you are saying?
σὺ μὲν γὰρ καλῶς εὐχαριστεῖς
For you may be giving thanks well enough,
ἀλλʼ ὁ ἕτερος οὐκ οἰκοδομεῖται.
but the other person is not being built up.
bilateral
Εὐχαριστῶ τῷ θεῷ, πάντων ὑμῶν μᾶλλον γλώσσαις λαλῶ•
I thank God that I speak in tongues more than all of you.
ἀλλʼ ἐν ἐκκλησίᾳ θέλω πέντε λόγους τῷ νοΐ μου λαλῆσαι,
Nevertheless, in church I would rather speak five words with my mind
ἵνα καὶ ἄλλους κατηχήσω,
in order to instruct others,
ἢ μυρίους λόγους ἐν γλώσσῃ.
than ten thousand words in a tongue.
Ἀδελφοί, μὴ παιδία γίνεσθε ταῖς φρεσὶν
Brothers, h do not be children in your thinking.
ἀλλὰ τῇ κακίᾳ νηπιάζετε,
i Be infants in evil,
ταῖς δὲ φρεσὶν τέλειοι γίνεσθε.
but in your thinking be j mature.
ἐν τῷ νόμῳ γέγραπται ὅτι
k In the Law it is written,
ἐν ἑτερογλώσσοις καὶ ἐν χείλεσιν ἑτέρων λαλήσω τῷ λαῷ τούτῳ
l “By people of strange tongues and by the lips of foreigners will I speak to this people,
καὶ οὐδʼ οὕτως εἰσακούσονταί μου,
and even then they will not listen to me,
λέγει κύριος.
says the Lord.”
ὥστε αἱ γλῶσσαι εἰς σημεῖόν εἰσιν οὐ τοῖς πιστεύουσιν
Thus tongues are a sign not for believers
ἀλλὰ τοῖς ἀπίστοις,
but for unbelievers,
ἡ δὲ προφητεία οὐ τοῖς ἀπίστοις
while prophecy is [a sign 1 ] not for unbelievers
ἀλλὰ τοῖς πιστεύουσιν.
but for believers.
alternative
Ἐὰν οὖν συνέλθῃ ἡ ἐκκλησία ὅλη ἐπὶ τὸ αὐτὸ καὶ πάντες λαλῶσιν γλώσσαις, εἰσέλθωσιν δὲ ἰδιῶται ἢ ἄπιστοι,
If, therefore, the whole church comes together and all speak in tongues, and outsiders or unbelievers enter,
οὐκ ἐροῦσιν ὅτι μαίνεσθε;
m will they not say that you are out of your minds?
ἐὰν δὲ πάντες προφητεύωσιν, εἰσέλθῃ δέ τις ἄπιστος ἢ ἰδιώτης,
But if all prophesy, and an unbeliever or outsider enters,
ἐλέγχεται ὑπὸ πάντων ,
he is convicted by all,
ἀνακρίνεται ὑπὸ πάντων ,
he is called to account by all,
τὰ κρυπτὰ τῆς καρδίας αὐτοῦ φανερὰ γίνεται,
n the secrets of his heart are disclosed,
actionresult
καὶ οὕτως πεσὼν ἐπὶ πρόσωπον προσκυνήσει τῷ θεῷ
and so, o falling on his face, he will worship God
ἀπαγγέλλων ὅτι ὄντως ὁ θεὸς ἐν ὑμῖν ἐστιν.
and p declare that God is really among you.
Τί οὖν ἐστιν, ἀδελφοί;
What then, brothers?
ὅταν συνέρχησθε,
When you come together,
ἕκαστος ψαλμὸν ἔχει, διδαχὴν ἔχει, ἀποκάλυψιν ἔχει, γλῶσσαν ἔχει, ἑρμηνείαν ἔχει•
each one has q a hymn, r a lesson, r a revelation, s a tongue, or t an interpretation.
temporal
πάντα πρὸς οἰκοδομὴν γινέσθω.
u Let all things be done for building up.
εἴτε γλώσσῃ τις λαλεῖ,
If any speak in s a tongue,
κατὰ δύο ἢ τὸ πλεῖστον τρεῖς
let there be only two or at most three,
καὶ ἀνὰ μέρος,
and each in turn,
καὶ εἷς διερμηνευέτω•
and let someone interpret.
ἐὰν δὲ μὴ ᾖ διερμηνευτής,
But if there is no one to interpret,
σιγάτω ἐν ἐκκλησίᾳ,
let each of them keep silent in church
ἑαυτῷ δὲ λαλείτω καὶ τῷ θεῷ.
and speak to himself and to God.
προφῆται δὲ δύο ἢ τρεῖς λαλείτωσαν
Let two or three prophets speak,
καὶ οἱ ἄλλοι διακρινέτωσαν•
and let the others v weigh what is said.
ἐὰν δὲ ἄλλῳ ἀποκαλυφθῇ καθημένῳ,
If a revelation is made to another sitting there,
ὁ πρῶτος σιγάτω.
w let the first be silent.
δύνασθε γὰρ καθʼ ἕνα πάντες προφητεύειν,
For you can all prophesy one by one,
ἵνα πάντες μανθάνωσιν καὶ πάντες παρακαλῶνται.
so that all may learn and all be encouraged,
καὶ πνεύματα προφητῶν προφήταις ὑποτάσσεται,
and the spirits of prophets are subject to prophets.
οὐ γάρ ἐστιν ἀκαταστασίας ὁ θεὸς ἀλλʼ εἰρήνης.
For God is not a God of x confusion but of peace.
Ὡς ἐν πάσαις ταῖς ἐκκλησίαις τῶν ἁγίων
As in y all the churches of the saints,
αἱ γυναῖκες ἐν ταῖς ἐκκλησίαις σιγάτωσαν•
z the women should keep silent in the churches.
οὐ γὰρ ἐπιτρέπεται αὐταῖς λαλεῖν,
For they are not permitted to speak,
ἀλλʼ ὑποτασσέσθωσαν,
but a should be in submission,
καθὼς καὶ ὁ νόμος λέγει.
as b the Law also says.
εἰ δέ τι μαθεῖν θέλουσιν,
If there is anything they desire to learn,
ἐν οἴκῳ τοὺς ἰδίους ἄνδρας ἐπερωτάτωσαν•
let them ask their husbands at home.
αἰσχρὸν γάρ ἐστιν γυναικὶ λαλεῖν ἐν ἐκκλησίᾳ.
For it is shameful for a woman to speak in church.
ἢ ἀφʼ ὑμῶν ὁ λόγος τοῦ θεοῦ ἐξῆλθεν,
Or was it from you that the word of God came?
ἢ εἰς ὑμᾶς μόνους κατήντησεν;
Or are you the only ones it has reached?
Εἴ τις δοκεῖ προφήτης εἶναι ἢ πνευματικός,
c If anyone thinks that he is a prophet, or spiritual,
ἐπιγινωσκέτω ἃ γράφω ὑμῖν ὅτι κυρίου ἐστὶν ἐντολή•
he should acknowledge that the things I am writing to you are a command of the Lord.
εἰ δέ τις ἀγνοεῖ,
If anyone does not recognize this,
ἀγνοεῖται.
he is not recognized.
Ὥστε, ἀδελφοί [μου], ζηλοῦτε τὸ προφητεύειν
So, my brothers, d earnestly desire to prophesy,
καὶ τὸ λαλεῖν μὴ κωλύετε γλώσσαις•
and do not forbid speaking in tongues.
πάντα δὲ εὐσχημόνως καὶ κατὰ τάξιν γινέσθω.
e But all things should be done decently and f in order.
Likely, he means someone who does not understand that tongue.
I do not know why he says this. My best guess is that he is being cutting or even sarcastic. Or perhaps he means, "Sure, I thank God (more than any of you!) that I speak in tongues, and yet..." (i.e. "I appreciate speaking in tongues more than any of you do.")
Given the purpose expressed in 31b, it seems clear that all the next section is unpacking "building up." This brings to light a key connection between building up and orderliness .
Why is women asking questions in church not being in submission? (Women are to submit to their husbands, but can ask them questions at home.) After further reflection, it seems that it makes most sense to understand Paul as referring to verbally weighing the prophecies shared.
What does the Law say about this?? (No one seems to know.)
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discourse
Note: The nature of tongues
1Cor 14:15-16 makes me wonder if the gift of tongues was ever (or normally) like prophecy. It is directly compared to prophecy throughout this chapter, but that does not necessitate that they are the same thing, only tongues involved a different language as well. Instead, perhaps tongues was simply a word of thanks (vs16) or praising God for his wonders, or a prayer (vs15). When vs2 describes it as uttering mysteries, it might be calling it such because the meaning of the words is mysterious/unknown to those who do not know that tongue. I believe the only places we read of the content of tongues is here, and Acts 2 ("telling in our own tongues the mighty works of God").
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