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Brent Karding
servant of Jesus / husband / dad / preacher / musician / teacher @ Biblearc
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God has given the local church the responsibility to judge its members.
1 Corinthians 5
The eternal state will immediately follow Christ's return and our bodily resurrection.
1 Corinthians 15:20-28
When Jesus next returns, he will destroy death.
1 Corinthians 15:50-58
At the day of the Lord, believers will be saved and unbelievers will be destroyed.
1 Thessalonians 5:1-10
Our certain gospel hope of resurrection should encourage us.
1 Thessalonians 4:13-18
This passage reveals the fact of and the reason behind God's anger.
Romans 1:18-23
The kind of faith that saves is a faith that is characterized by works.
James 2:14-26
Only those who look to Jesus for spiritual wealth, righteousness, and guidance will sit with him on his throne.
Revelation 3:14-22
Jesus promises eternal life to those who overcome; therefore, cling to the gospel and preach it to others.
Revelation 3:7-13
Those who treasure the gospel and live it out today will enjoy intimacy with Jesus now and forever.
Revelation 3:1-6
God calls us to boast only in the cross, through which we participate in the New Creation.
Galatians 1:1-6:18
Jesus will destroy His enemies and give eternal life to His people; therefore, the church must not tolerate sin in its midst.
Revelation 2:12-17
It is vital to boast only in Jesus' cross.
Galatians 6:10-18
Those who are fearless in the face of death will receive life from the Victor over death.
Revelation 2:8-11
True spirituality is seen in bearing other people's burdens.
Galatians 6:1-10
You are nothing without love.
Revelation 2:1-7
Serve each other in love through the leading of the life-giving, flesh-opposing Spirit.
Galatians 5:13-26
Jesus is a king and priest who is present with His church in judgment and salvation.
Revelation 1:9-20
Only those who rest on Christ alone for justification will receive eternal righteousness.
Galatians 5:2-12
Obey this urgent revelation so you will be blessed, and rest in the sovereignty of your Saviour.
Revelation 1:1-8
God redeems Naomi - and all Israel - through the son of Boaz and Ruth.
Ruth 4:13-22
Believers must stand firm in the freedom of being God's children through faith alone in his promise.
Galatians 4:21-31
Boaz generously and sacrificially redeems Elimelech's and Mahlon's family.
Ruth 4:1-12
Paul's proven trustworthiness and godly motives should have led the Galatians to trust him, not reject him.
Galatians 4:12-20
Boaz acted with generosity again, and Ruth waited for redemption.
Ruth 3:14-18
In Christ we are God's fully adult sons and heirs.
Galatians 4:1-11
Boaz commits himself to redeem Ruth.
Ruth 3:1-13
All of God's children enjoy his covenant and promised salvation through faith in Christ.
Galatians 3:15-29
Ruth and Naomi encounter the generosity of Boaz.
Ruth 2:14-23
Gentiles are declared righteous, become the true Israel, and receive the blessing and the Spirit by faith alone.
Galatians 3:1-14
God guided Ruth to the field of a man who showed undeserved favor to her.
Ruth 2:1-13
Justification by faith, not by works, alone glorifies God's grace and accomplishes the purpose of Christ's death.
Galatians 2:11-21
Ruth committed herself to Naomi and to her God.
Ruth 1:15-22
From the beginning of church history, there has been only one true gospel.
Galatians 2:1-10
The biblical gospel is demonstrably given by Jesus.
Galatians 1:11-24
Naomi was left alone in a foreign land, suffering judgment.
Ruth 1:1-5
A bitter Naomi plans to return to her homeland, and convince her daughters-in-law not to.
Ruth 1:6-14
Reject the perverted gospel and embrace the God-accomplished and God-taught gospel.
Galatians 1:1-10
It is right for God to show mercy on whomever he desires to show mercy - and we should praise him for this!
Jonah 1:1-4:11
God is right to show mercy on whomever he chooses.
Jonah 4:1-11
God cares about Gentiles.
Jonah 3:1-10
The Lord saved Jonah because he prayed to him.
Jonah 2:1-10
Jesus' death and resurrection created Gentile worshippers.
Jonah 1:1-17
Because God is holding tightly to you, hold tightly to his Word.
2 Thessalonians 1-3
We pray for you to experience God's grace and peace.
2 Thessalonians 1:1-12
Paul gives two final commands in the main body of this letter: pray and stay away.
2 Thessalonians 3:1-15
How God's sovereignty motivates our perseverance
2 Thessalonians 2:1-17
You were dead, but God made you alive in Christ; therefore, remember that God has brought you near to him and made you part of his temple.
Ephesians 2:1-10
God is holding tightly to you.
2 Thessalonians 1:3-12
The path to eternal happiness isn't what you think: it requires joyful endurance of trials and humble obedience to God's Word.
James 1
Choose the way of life that God delights in, a Christlike life of compassion and purity, for this is the pathway to Heaven.
James 1:26-27
view all (52 total)
Phrasing of Revelation 2:18-29
Revelation 2:18-29
Hold tightly to holy living that flows from the gospel.
#immorality
#repentance
#works
Published May 16th, 2019
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2:18-29
Notes
2:18-29
NT
Revelation 2:18-29
esv
Jesus Is a Holy, All-Seeing Judge
“And to the angel
Destination
of the church
Descriptive
in Thyatira
Locative
write:
‘The words
Content #1
of the Son
Producer
of God,
Relationship
who has eyes
like a flame
Comparison
of fire,
Material
and whose feet are like burnished bronze.
Jesus Speaks Words of Praise and Condemnation
Praise
“‘I know your works,
Content #2
your love
Explanation
and faith
and service
and patient endurance,
and that your latter works exceed the first.
Condemnation
But I have this
Content #3
against you,
Disadvantage
that you tolerate that woman Jezebel,
Content
who calls herself a prophetess
and is teaching and seducing my servants
to practice sexual immorality
Content #1
and to eat food sacrificed to idols.
Content #2
I gave her time
Concessive
to repent,
Purpose
but she refuses
to repent
of her sexual immorality.
Separation
Behold, I will throw her
Result #1
onto a sickbed,
and those ... I will throw
Result #2
who commit adultery
with her
Accompaniment
into great tribulation,
unless they repent
Condition
of her works,
and I will strike her children dead.
Result #3
And all the churches will know
Result #1
that I am he
who searches mind
and heart,
and I will give
Result #2
to each
of you
Partitive
according to your works.
Standard
Jesus Encourages the Faithful to Remain So until He Returns
But to the rest
of you
in Thyatira,
who do not hold this teaching,
who have not learned
what some call the deep things
of Satan,
Possessive
to you
I say,
Content #4
I do not lay ... any other burden.
on you
Only hold fast
what you have
until I come.
Temporal
Jesus Promises Eternal Enjoyment of Union with Him to Those Who Do This
The one
who conquers
and who keeps my works
until the end,
to him
Advantage
I will give authority
Content #5a
over the nations,
Reference
and he will rule them
Result
with a rod
Agency
of iron,
as when earthen pots are broken
in pieces,
even as I myself have received authority
from my Father.
Source
And I will give him the morning star.
Content #5b
He
who has an ear,
let him hear
Content #6
what the Spirit says
to the churches.’
phrasing
Notes
Head: Focus: The focus of this section is the life of the mind . We want to think accurately according to the truth of God’s Word we’ve phrased. Questions: How should I think differently about God/myself/others because of what I’ve just phrased? What doctrines are taught in this passage? What specific contribution to those doctrines does this passage make? What other Scripture texts add to the truths taught in this passage? v. 18: Who is Jesus? He sees and knows all (fiery eyes), and is a perfect judge (bronze feet). Also, it is interesting that Jesus then says that He has “eyes like unto a flame of fire,” and “feet … like fine brass,” which were a part of John’s vision, and which are similar to language used in description of the fiery furnace in Daniel 3. Remember what happened there? Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego refused to worship an idol , and so were thrown into a burning fiery furnace – but they didn’t die! Remember who Nebuchadnezzar saw walking around in the fire? The three young men, and the king said that “the appearnace of the fourth is like a son of the gods ” (Dan. 3:25). And the same one who kept those believers safe would also protect those in Thyatira who refused to worship idols. But Jesus’ fiery eyes and burning bronze feet are also a description of Jesus as a judge – an ominous picture for some in this church. Jesus’ feet like bronze show His utter stability, His unshakeable holiness. He will judge with perfect justice every person who ever lived. v. 20: W hy does Jesus use the name “Jezebel”? It could be that there was a literal woman teaching in the church, claiming to be called by God, to be preaching the message of God, but her name probably wasn’t actually Jezebel, because the woman by that name in the OT was despised. How many Jewish people would name their child “Adolph”? And the fact that this woman’s “children” are mentioned in verse 23 hint to us that this wasn’t a literal woman at all. In II John, the apostle writes to “the elect lady and her children” (v. 1), which describes the church. So there was a clique, a mini-group, inside the church, led by a teacher or teachers, who believed false doctrine and tried to spread it through the church. v. 24: What is "any other burden"? Jesus could be referring back to the decision of the Jerusalem Council in Acts 15, when the apostles gathered to discuss what to tell Gentiles, who had gotten saved for the first time after Christ’s resurrection, how they ought to live in relationship to the law of Moses. See Acts 15:28-29. v. 26-28: What do these promises of "rule" and "the morning star" mean? See Psalm 2:7-8. Jesus Christ is God’s Son – remember, back in verse 18, Jesus called Himself “the Son of God”! How fitting when Psalm 2 is central to the promise at the end of the letter. So this prophecy has begun to be fulfilled ! Jesus Christ died, rose again in victory, and ascended in power to Heaven, where right now He reigns over the nations, having received “all authority in Heaven and on earth” (Matt. 28:18). And since we are in Christ as believers, united with Him, partaking in sonship with Him, we too will share in the rule of the nations! He grants us a share in His authority! We too are royalty now, in Him , and we will enjoy the pleasures this for ever – if we live faithful to Him, and are not turned away from the hope of the gospel to immorality, or to putting other things ahead of Him in idolatry. The promise about the morning star is a reaffirmation of the same promise as verse 27 – of a shared identity , of union with Jesus Christ, who is the morning star, according to His own words in Revelation 22:16: “ I am the root and the descendant of David, the bright and morning star .” Eternal fellowship with the one in whose presence are pleasures forevermore is our reward for faithfulness on earth. Heart: Focus: The focus of this section is the life of the emotions . We want to feel accurately according to the truth of God’s Word we’ve phrased. Questions: How should I feel differently about God/myself/etc. because of what I’ve just phrased? What emotions are expressed in this passage? What emotions does this passage exhort me to feel? The description of Jezebel (v. 20ff) should make us feel revulsion . See 1 Kings 16:29-33; 19:2; 21:22, 25. v. 22: The word “throw” is significant here. For how did Jezebel die? Elijah anointed a man named Jehu, and named him as God’s avenger upon Ahab and Jezebel. See 2 Kings 9:32-35. Then, after satisfying his hunger and thirst inside, he told servants to bury her, but all they could find of her body was her “skull and the feet and the palms of her hands” (v. 35). From a proud queen to dog food – and then to dog poop. I didn’t say that – God did in verse 37 of II Kings 9! God’s judgment is severe and crushing and permanent. And so will God’s judgment be on all who teach perversions of God’s truth in His church. We should fear Jesus if we are living sinfully! v. 23: What happened to Ahab's children? See 2 Kings 10:1-10. Hands: Focus: The focus of this section is the life of the will . We want to act accurately according to the truth of God’s Word we’ve phrased. Questions: How should I act differently because of what I’ve just phrased? What motivations does this passage give for acting differently? What sins do I need to repent of and put off? What good works do I need to put on? v. 19: Their service for Jesus, their faithful bearing witness to the gospel, had increased and improved with time, not decreased – as had happened to the church at Ephesus, who needed to repent and “do the works you did at first ” (2:5). May Jesus be able to say the same thing to us : that our passion to share the gospel, our love for Him, our daily slogging away at doing right no matter what, has improved in our church and not gotten worse and worse as it so often does in churches. v. 22: Verse 22 should make us feel hope as well as fear because of the word "unless." Jesus’ judgment is crushing, but His mercy is long ! If you are living in sin today, claiming to be a Christian, oh repent now , before it is too late! Turn away from the sin you love, for it will kill you in the end, and turn to Jesus, confessing your sin, trusting Him as your Lord . v. 23: See Rev 21:7-8. And Jesus says to us today, through these verses, “That is what I will do to all who teach immorality is God’s will, and who practice idolatry.” God’s judgment will be complete . Every single pastor who says homosexuality is OK; every single “Christian” who embraces sex outside of marriage and doesn’t repent will be destroyed – not just with the first death, but with the second death. So if the people in this church didn’t want to be destroyed with a worse fate than Ahab’s 70 sons, suffering eternity in Hell, they needed to repent! Do you love Jesus? Do you resist sin in your life? Do you repent of it over and over, and seek to follow Jesus? Or do you bow to the culture? Do you live according to your own desires instead of Jesus’ will day after day? Then you need to repent or suffer the horrible fate of Revelation 21:8! v. 29: And Jesus’ description of judgment here shows that dealing with sin is serious business ; this is life and death , Heaven and Hell. So Jesus calls us in verse 29, "Listen!" Do you want to live forever? Do you want life and joy for eternity instead of death and physical and mental agony for eternity? Then here is Jesus’ call: kill your sin.
notes
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Disclaimer: The opinions and conclusions expressed on this page are those of the author and may or may not accord with the positions of Biblearc or Bethlehem College & Seminary.