Brent Karding
servant of Jesus / husband / dad / preacher / musician / teacher @ Biblearc
User since 2010
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Christ rejected and accepted
Luke 23:39-43
God commands you to turn from idols to the true God.
Acts 17:22-31
Jesus is sovereign over the natural and spiritual realm
Matthew 9:1-8
Faith leads to speaking.
2 Corinthians 4:13-15
A humble birth and great glory to God
Luke 2:1-21
Because God is uniquely faithful, he will remove our sins.
Micah 7:18-20
Phrasing Narrative and Teaching
Mark 11:12-25
Christ's Supremacy Described and Grounded
Colossians 1:15-17
Christ's Resurrection and Ours
1 Corinthians 15:20-28
God's Furious Punishment
Romans 1:18-25
God will surely set up an indestructible, everlasting kingdom.
Daniel 2:31-45
Just like Adam's sin led to death for all people, so Jesus' obedience led to life for all people.
Romans 5:12-21
To apply this text, think through the Concessive, the Negative, and the Ground (v. 7-9), asking where those things are true of you.
1 Kings 14:1-18
Remember the happiness of the Word-delighting, and the misery of the only other option.
Psalms 1
In every difficulty, cry to God, your trustworthy Savior.
Psalms 42:1-43:5
Jesus, the Father's Spirit-filled Son, inaugurated God's kingdom.
Mark 1:1-15
Paul describes how men and women should act in church, based on their specific roles.
1 Timothy 2:8-15
Dedicate yourself to the local church for the eternal glory of Christ.
Haggai 2:20-23
The gospel call to repentance gives light to people in darkness.
Matthew 4:12-17
God has given the local church the responsibility to judge its members.
1 Corinthians 5
The eternal state will immediately follow Christ's return and our bodily resurrection.
1 Corinthians 15:20-28
When Jesus next returns, he will destroy death.
1 Corinthians 15:50-58
At the day of the Lord, believers will be saved and unbelievers will be destroyed.
1 Thessalonians 5:1-10
Our certain gospel hope of resurrection should encourage us.
1 Thessalonians 4:13-18
This passage reveals the fact of and the reason behind God's anger.
Romans 1:18-23
The kind of faith that saves is a faith that is characterized by works.
James 2:14-26
Only those who look to Jesus for spiritual wealth, righteousness, and guidance will sit with him on his throne.
Revelation 3:14-22
Jesus promises eternal life to those who overcome; therefore, cling to the gospel and preach it to others.
Revelation 3:7-13
Those who treasure the gospel and live it out today will enjoy intimacy with Jesus now and forever.
Revelation 3:1-6
Hold tightly to holy living that flows from the gospel.
Revelation 2:18-29
God calls us to boast only in the cross, through which we participate in the New Creation.
Galatians 1:1-6:18
Jesus will destroy His enemies and give eternal life to His people; therefore, the church must not tolerate sin in its midst.
Revelation 2:12-17
It is vital to boast only in Jesus' cross.
Galatians 6:10-18
True spirituality is seen in bearing other people's burdens.
Galatians 6:1-10
You are nothing without love.
Revelation 2:1-7
Serve each other in love through the leading of the life-giving, flesh-opposing Spirit.
Galatians 5:13-26
Jesus is a king and priest who is present with His church in judgment and salvation.
Revelation 1:9-20
Only those who rest on Christ alone for justification will receive eternal righteousness.
Galatians 5:2-12
Obey this urgent revelation so you will be blessed, and rest in the sovereignty of your Saviour.
Revelation 1:1-8
God redeems Naomi - and all Israel - through the son of Boaz and Ruth.
Ruth 4:13-22
Believers must stand firm in the freedom of being God's children through faith alone in his promise.
Galatians 4:21-31
Boaz generously and sacrificially redeems Elimelech's and Mahlon's family.
Ruth 4:1-12
Paul's proven trustworthiness and godly motives should have led the Galatians to trust him, not reject him.
Galatians 4:12-20
Boaz acted with generosity again, and Ruth waited for redemption.
Ruth 3:14-18
In Christ we are God's fully adult sons and heirs.
Galatians 4:1-11
Boaz commits himself to redeem Ruth.
Ruth 3:1-13
All of God's children enjoy his covenant and promised salvation through faith in Christ.
Galatians 3:15-29
Ruth and Naomi encounter the generosity of Boaz.
Ruth 2:14-23
Gentiles are declared righteous, become the true Israel, and receive the blessing and the Spirit by faith alone.
Galatians 3:1-14
God guided Ruth to the field of a man who showed undeserved favor to her.
Ruth 2:1-13
Justification by faith, not by works, alone glorifies God's grace and accomplishes the purpose of Christ's death.
Galatians 2:11-21
Ruth committed herself to Naomi and to her God.
Ruth 1:15-22
From the beginning of church history, there has been only one true gospel.
Galatians 2:1-10
The biblical gospel is demonstrably given by Jesus.
Galatians 1:11-24
Naomi was left alone in a foreign land, suffering judgment.
Ruth 1:1-5
A bitter Naomi plans to return to her homeland, and convince her daughters-in-law not to.
Ruth 1:6-14
Reject the perverted gospel and embrace the God-accomplished and God-taught gospel.
Galatians 1:1-10
It is right for God to show mercy on whomever he desires to show mercy - and we should praise him for this!
Jonah 1:1-4:11
God is right to show mercy on whomever he chooses.
Jonah 4:1-11
God cares about Gentiles.
Jonah 3:1-10
The Lord saved Jonah because he prayed to him.
Jonah 2:1-10
Jesus' death and resurrection created Gentile worshippers.
Jonah 1:1-17
Because God is holding tightly to you, hold tightly to his Word.
2 Thessalonians 1-3
We pray for you to experience God's grace and peace.
2 Thessalonians 1:1-12
Paul gives two final commands in the main body of this letter: pray and stay away.
2 Thessalonians 3:1-15
How God's sovereignty motivates our perseverance
2 Thessalonians 2:1-17
You were dead, but God made you alive in Christ; therefore, remember that God has brought you near to him and made you part of his temple.
Ephesians 2:1-10
God is holding tightly to you.
2 Thessalonians 1:3-12
The path to eternal happiness isn't what you think: it requires joyful endurance of trials and humble obedience to God's Word.
James 1
Choose the way of life that God delights in, a Christlike life of compassion and purity, for this is the pathway to Heaven.
James 1:26-27
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Phrasing of Revelation 2:8-11
Revelation 2:8-11
Those who are fearless in the face of death will receive life from the Victor over death.
Published May 2nd, 2019
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Revelation 2:8-11
Description of Jesus' Sovereignty over Death
“And to the angel
of the church
in Smyrna
‘The words
Content #1
of the first
and the last,
who died
and came
to life.
Exhortation to Fearlessness in the Face of Death
“‘I know your tribulation
and your poverty
( but you are rich)
and the slander
of those
who say
that they are Jews
and are not,
but [who] are a synagogue
of Satan.
Do not fear
Content #2a
what you are about to suffer.
Behold, the devil is about to throw some
of you
into prison,
that you may be tested,
and ... you will have tribulation.
for ten days
Be faithful
unto death,
and I will give you the crown
Content #2b
of life.
Promise of Everlasting Life
who has an ear,
let him hear
Content #3a
what the Spirit says
to the churches.
The one ... will not be hurt
Content #3b
who conquers
by the second death.’
The relationship between 10a-b and 10i-l is a Neg-Pos : they should not fear, but rather they should be faithful unto death so they will receive the crown of life from Jesus.
Head: Focus: The focus of this section is the life of the mind . We want to think accurately according to the truth of God’s Word we’ve phrased. Questions: How should I think differently about God/myself/others because of what I’ve just phrased? What doctrines are taught in this passage? What specific contribution to those doctrines does this passage make? What other Scripture texts add to the truths taught in this passage? Verses 9-10: In 9c, Jesus’ emphasis here isn’t His provision for their earthly needs but their true spiritual riches ! For 9g-j, see Rom 2:28-29 and Rev 1:6. Isn’t it something that Jesus doesn’t encourage this church in verse 10 by saying, “Your persecution will end .” No, He says, “You will suffer – but don’t be afraid .” He then details what will happen, adding emphasis with the word “behold”: “the devil shall cast some of you into prison.” “Some of you will go to jail,” He said. Now, if the Lord said that to you today, “You are going to suffer in a dark, rat-infested jail without warmth or food because you trust in me,” would you find that very encouraging? Yet Jesus gives the believers in this church two encouraging reasons that they should not be afraid immediately after telling them that jail is the destiny for some of them. That is seen in the Purpose and the Result of the main phrase - 10f and 10g. Whose purpose is shown in the devil's actions in 10f? God's ! See 2 Cor 12:7. Under 10g, see Dan 1:12-15 ("ten days"). This is the same encouragement I feel , and you may have felt, when working with a personal trainer or someone trying to get you to perform a certain number of push-ups: “I want you to do ten of these .” And then, when you’ve done seven, and your arms are giving out, he shouts, “Come on – just three more! Only three more! Go, go, go – great work! Only two more now! You can do it!” Heart: Focus: The focus of this section is the life of the emotions . We want to feel accurately according to the truth of God’s Word we’ve phrased. Questions: How should I feel differently about God/myself/etc. because of what I’ve just phrased? What emotions are expressed in this passage? What emotions does this passage exhort me to feel? Verse 8: Who was at the beginning of history, and will be at the end? Who existed in perfect fellowship and love with God the Father before creation? Who will still be sovereign over all things when history ends and His people live on a New Earth? None other than the one who “was dead, and is alive” – the one who conquered death, the one who was exalted to the Father’s right hand after His victory, having received all power in heaven and in earth. He is the sovereign victor over death , eternal, reigning, utterly in control of every spinning atom, every event, ruling for the good of His beloved people. E ven though we aren’t suffering like they were, yet the lying lures of sinful pleasures , and peer pressure at school and at work, and the fear of people’s opinions, tempts us to deny Jesus, to keep our Christianity secret. We need this vision of Jesus too , because the stakes for staying faithful to Jesus or abandoning Him could not be higher . He is the great, dominating reality of our lives – or should be ! Hands: Focus: The focus of this section is the life of the will . We want to act accurately according to the truth of God’s Word we’ve phrased. Questions: How should I act differently because of what I’ve just phrased? What motivations does this passage give for acting differently? What sins do I need to repent of and put off? What good works do I need to put on? Verses 9-10: T his letter contains no warning or critique, like most of the others. This church was faithful – but they still needed encouragement to remain so . So even if we are living faithfully, that doesn't mean that we don't need church, or Bible reading, or prayer! What is the limit of our faithfulness? "Unto death ." Verse 11: This verse is a call for us to listen and obey Jesus’ command to remain faithful to death; it is also a call that separates between hypocrites who say they are Christians but turn away from Jesus and those who prove the reality of their new birth. Perhaps some in the church of Smyrna would cave in to pressure, would bow to the emperor, would get involved in idol worship to relieve the burden of poverty – they would thus prove themselves to be deaf , and therefore to be on the road to Hell . So this verse is a wake-up call to us: Do you have ears? Will you cling to Jesus? Will you ask Him to renew your determination to love Him and delight in Him and follow Him no matter what happens ? T he reward for staying faithful, for not compromising, would be far greater than the high five of a trainer and the satisfaction of finishing a set of push-ups! The reward for remaining “faithful unto death,” verse 10 says, is “a crown of life” given us by Jesus Christ Himself. That is, those who “remain faithful” to Jesus, refusing to bow to the idols of our culture – the idols of consent, of immorality, of sexual freedom, of the right to choose your own identity and gender – they , and they only , will receive everlasting life. Doesn't that motivate you to stay faithful to Jesus?
Disclaimer: The opinions and conclusions expressed on this page are those of the author and may or may not accord with the positions of Biblearc or Bethlehem College & Seminary.