Brent Karding
servant of Jesus / husband / dad / preacher / musician / teacher @ Biblearc
User since 2010
Brent's proficiency badges
Brent's published pages
Christ rejected and accepted
Luke 23:39-43
God commands you to turn from idols to the true God.
Acts 17:22-31
Jesus is sovereign over the natural and spiritual realm
Matthew 9:1-8
Faith leads to speaking.
2 Corinthians 4:13-15
A humble birth and great glory to God
Luke 2:1-21
Because God is uniquely faithful, he will remove our sins.
Micah 7:18-20
Phrasing Narrative and Teaching
Mark 11:12-25
Christ's Supremacy Described and Grounded
Colossians 1:15-17
Christ's Resurrection and Ours
1 Corinthians 15:20-28
God's Furious Punishment
Romans 1:18-25
God will surely set up an indestructible, everlasting kingdom.
Daniel 2:31-45
Just like Adam's sin led to death for all people, so Jesus' obedience led to life for all people.
Romans 5:12-21
To apply this text, think through the Concessive, the Negative, and the Ground (v. 7-9), asking where those things are true of you.
1 Kings 14:1-18
Remember the happiness of the Word-delighting, and the misery of the only other option.
Psalms 1
In every difficulty, cry to God, your trustworthy Savior.
Psalms 42:1-43:5
Jesus, the Father's Spirit-filled Son, inaugurated God's kingdom.
Mark 1:1-15
Paul describes how men and women should act in church, based on their specific roles.
1 Timothy 2:8-15
Dedicate yourself to the local church for the eternal glory of Christ.
Haggai 2:20-23
The gospel call to repentance gives light to people in darkness.
Matthew 4:12-17
God has given the local church the responsibility to judge its members.
1 Corinthians 5
The eternal state will immediately follow Christ's return and our bodily resurrection.
1 Corinthians 15:20-28
When Jesus next returns, he will destroy death.
1 Corinthians 15:50-58
At the day of the Lord, believers will be saved and unbelievers will be destroyed.
1 Thessalonians 5:1-10
Our certain gospel hope of resurrection should encourage us.
1 Thessalonians 4:13-18
This passage reveals the fact of and the reason behind God's anger.
Romans 1:18-23
The kind of faith that saves is a faith that is characterized by works.
James 2:14-26
Only those who look to Jesus for spiritual wealth, righteousness, and guidance will sit with him on his throne.
Revelation 3:14-22
Jesus promises eternal life to those who overcome; therefore, cling to the gospel and preach it to others.
Revelation 3:7-13
Those who treasure the gospel and live it out today will enjoy intimacy with Jesus now and forever.
Revelation 3:1-6
Hold tightly to holy living that flows from the gospel.
Revelation 2:18-29
God calls us to boast only in the cross, through which we participate in the New Creation.
Galatians 1:1-6:18
Jesus will destroy His enemies and give eternal life to His people; therefore, the church must not tolerate sin in its midst.
Revelation 2:12-17
It is vital to boast only in Jesus' cross.
Galatians 6:10-18
Those who are fearless in the face of death will receive life from the Victor over death.
Revelation 2:8-11
True spirituality is seen in bearing other people's burdens.
Galatians 6:1-10
You are nothing without love.
Revelation 2:1-7
Serve each other in love through the leading of the life-giving, flesh-opposing Spirit.
Galatians 5:13-26
Jesus is a king and priest who is present with His church in judgment and salvation.
Revelation 1:9-20
Only those who rest on Christ alone for justification will receive eternal righteousness.
Galatians 5:2-12
Obey this urgent revelation so you will be blessed, and rest in the sovereignty of your Saviour.
Revelation 1:1-8
God redeems Naomi - and all Israel - through the son of Boaz and Ruth.
Ruth 4:13-22
Believers must stand firm in the freedom of being God's children through faith alone in his promise.
Galatians 4:21-31
Paul's proven trustworthiness and godly motives should have led the Galatians to trust him, not reject him.
Galatians 4:12-20
Boaz acted with generosity again, and Ruth waited for redemption.
Ruth 3:14-18
In Christ we are God's fully adult sons and heirs.
Galatians 4:1-11
Boaz commits himself to redeem Ruth.
Ruth 3:1-13
All of God's children enjoy his covenant and promised salvation through faith in Christ.
Galatians 3:15-29
Ruth and Naomi encounter the generosity of Boaz.
Ruth 2:14-23
Gentiles are declared righteous, become the true Israel, and receive the blessing and the Spirit by faith alone.
Galatians 3:1-14
God guided Ruth to the field of a man who showed undeserved favor to her.
Ruth 2:1-13
Justification by faith, not by works, alone glorifies God's grace and accomplishes the purpose of Christ's death.
Galatians 2:11-21
Ruth committed herself to Naomi and to her God.
Ruth 1:15-22
From the beginning of church history, there has been only one true gospel.
Galatians 2:1-10
The biblical gospel is demonstrably given by Jesus.
Galatians 1:11-24
Naomi was left alone in a foreign land, suffering judgment.
Ruth 1:1-5
A bitter Naomi plans to return to her homeland, and convince her daughters-in-law not to.
Ruth 1:6-14
Reject the perverted gospel and embrace the God-accomplished and God-taught gospel.
Galatians 1:1-10
It is right for God to show mercy on whomever he desires to show mercy - and we should praise him for this!
Jonah 1:1-4:11
God is right to show mercy on whomever he chooses.
Jonah 4:1-11
God cares about Gentiles.
Jonah 3:1-10
The Lord saved Jonah because he prayed to him.
Jonah 2:1-10
Jesus' death and resurrection created Gentile worshippers.
Jonah 1:1-17
Because God is holding tightly to you, hold tightly to his Word.
2 Thessalonians 1-3
We pray for you to experience God's grace and peace.
2 Thessalonians 1:1-12
Paul gives two final commands in the main body of this letter: pray and stay away.
2 Thessalonians 3:1-15
How God's sovereignty motivates our perseverance
2 Thessalonians 2:1-17
You were dead, but God made you alive in Christ; therefore, remember that God has brought you near to him and made you part of his temple.
Ephesians 2:1-10
God is holding tightly to you.
2 Thessalonians 1:3-12
The path to eternal happiness isn't what you think: it requires joyful endurance of trials and humble obedience to God's Word.
James 1
Choose the way of life that God delights in, a Christlike life of compassion and purity, for this is the pathway to Heaven.
James 1:26-27
view all (71 total)
Phrasing of Ruth 4:1-12
Ruth 4:1-12
Boaz generously and sacrificially redeems Elimelech's and Mahlon's family.
Published April 4th, 2019
Share / Groups / About Author
Ruth 4:1-12
Now Boaz had gone up
to the gate
and sat down there.
And behold, the redeemer, ... came by.
of whom
Boaz had spoken,
So Boaz said,
“Turn aside, friend;
sit down here.”
And he turned aside
and sat down.
And he took ten men
of the elders
of the city
and said,
“Sit down here.”
So they sat down.
Then he said
to the redeemer,
“Naomi, ... is selling the parcel
Content #1
of land
who has come back
from the country
of Moab,
that belonged to our relative Elimelech.
So I thought I would tell you
Content #2a
of it
and say,
Content #2b
‘Buy it
in the presence
Locative #1
of those sitting here
and in the presence
Locative #
of the elders
of my people.’
If you will redeem it,
redeem it.
Content #3
But if you will not,
tell me,
Content #3b
that I may know,
for there is no one
Ground #1
besides you
to redeem it,
and I come
Ground #2
after you.”
And he said,
“I will redeem it.”
Then Boaz said,
“The day you buy the field
from the hand
of Naomi,
you also acquire Ruth the Moabite,
the widow
of the dead,
in order to perpetuate the name
of the dead
in his inheritance.”
Then the redeemer said,
“I cannot redeem it
Content #1
for myself,
lest I impair my own inheritance.
Take my right ... yourself,
Content #2
of redemption
for I cannot redeem it.”
Now this was the custom
in former times
in Israel
concerning redeeming
and exchanging:
to confirm a transaction,
the one drew off his sandal
and gave it
to the other,
and this was the manner
of attesting
in Israel.
So when the redeemer said
to Boaz,
“Buy it
for yourself,”
he drew off his sandal.
Then Boaz said
to the elders
Destination #1
and all the people,
Destination #2
“You are witnesses this day
Content A
that I have bought ... all
Content #1
from the hand
of Naomi
that belonged to Elimelech
and all
Content #2
that belonged to Chilion
and to Mahlon.
Also Ruth the Moabite, ... I have bought
Content B
the widow
of Mahlon,
to be my wife,
to perpetuate the name
of the dead
in his inheritance,
that the name ... may not be cut off
of the dead
from among his brothers
Separation #1
and from the gate
Separation #2
of his native place.
You are witnesses this day.”
Content C
Then all the people
who were
at the gate
and the elders said,
“We are witnesses.
Content #1
May the Lord make the woman,
Content #2
who is coming
into your house,
like Rachel
and Leah,
who together built up the house
of Israel.
May you act worthily
Content #3a
in Ephrathah
and be renowned
Content #3b
in Bethlehem,
and may your house be
Content #4
like the house
of Perez,
whom Tamar bore
to Judah,
because of the offspring
that the Lord will give you
by this young woman.”
Phrasal verb
Phrasal verb
Not Possessive, because you can't own "presence"!
"...or quality of the genitive." This is the way you attested; you attested like this , in this way . Like Explanation.
Another possibility is Attributive: "his native gate."
Another possibility is Possessive.
Head: We should think biblically about cultural practices - about politeness and manners. There wasn't a biblical mandate for doing things this way for Boaz, with the shoe and all, but he did things correctly and rightly. It was important that things be done legally and correctly here as well - details are important, as far as following the law and being honest. Paul wrote about this principle in 2 Corinthians 8:20-21. Notice that God put Rachel first in the list (11), even though she was younger! This reminds us that God does things in surprising ways - as evidenced in this story as well. The mention of Tamar and Perez reminds us of this also! See Genesis 38. These three women were "suspect" in some ways, like Ruth was - but now she receives the blessing by God's grace . Heart: Praise God for his blessing , that would bless the "house" of Boaz and Ruth; the witnesses acknowledge the need of Yahweh to act. And he acted in blessing far beyond what the witnesses could have understood! They spoke more wisely than they knew. Praise God also for sending his Son, a greater Boaz, to rescue us and be our Redeemer, to look to our need instead of his own (Phil. 2:3-4). Hands: Boaz spoke very prudently, being as wise as a serpent, but as harmless as a dove (v. 5, adding Ruth only at the end). And he did this in the service of faithfulness and steadfast love (v. 10). He served the family of Elimelech, not letting his name be cut off (v. 10). So we should be faithful to our families, and to those for whom we are responsible (students, relatives, other church members), seeking to act and speak wisely in reproving or encouraging them (see Prov. 25:11). God blessed Boaz for his generosity and hesed ; he will bless us as well.
Simon Patterson
Thanks Brent. This is a really helpful model of phrasing with all 5 DIALS.

One question though: what is a "phrasal verb"? You mention it in a dot note in v3h. I've never heard that terminology before.
Brent Karding
Hi Simon! What I mean is a verb that is made up of more than one word - a verb plus a preposition, in the case of 3h. Here's how the Cambridge Dictionary defines it: "A phrase that consists of a verb with a preposition or adverb or both, the meaning of which is different from the meaning of its separate parts." It gives the examples of "pay for," "work out," and "make up for."

In Phrasing, phrasal verbs shouldn't be divided. So dividing "to our relative Elimelech" from "that belonged" would be incorrect.
Disclaimer: The opinions and conclusions expressed on this page are those of the author and may or may not accord with the positions of Biblearc or Bethlehem College & Seminary.