Main point summary
The King of heaven humbles those who challenge His sovereignty.
“But at the end of 1 that period,
I, Nebuchadnezzar, raised my eyes toward heaven
and my 2 reason returned to me,
and I blessed the a Most High
and praised and honored b Him who lives forever;
For His dominion is an c everlasting dominion,
And His kingdom endures from generation to generation.
“ a All the inhabitants of the earth are accounted as nothing,
But b He does according to His will in the host of heaven
And among the inhabitants of earth;
And c no one can 1 ward off His hand
Or say to Him,
‘ d What have You done?’
At that time my 1 a reason returned to me.
And my majesty and b splendor were 2 restored to me
for the glory of my kingdom,
and my counselors and my nobles began seeking me out;
so I was reestablished in my 3 sovereignty,
and surpassing c greatness was added to me.
Now I, Nebuchadnezzar, praise,
and honor the King of a heaven,
for b all His works are 1 true
and His ways 2 just,
and He is able to humble those who c walk in pride.”
The doctrine of the sovereignty of God is an important truth with practical implications. The fact that God is sovereign is a source of comfort and a reason for celebration to those who have humbled themselves under the mighty hand of God. But what about those who challenge His sovereignty? How does God deal with those who have little or no regard for His mighty hand? The fourth chapter of Daniel contains the testimony of a man who in his exalted position is going to learn "that the Most High is ruler over the realm of mankind, and bestows it on whom He wishes, and sets over it the lowliest of men." (Daniel 4:17) Ultimately God takes king Nebuchadnezzar from his exalted position as king and places him in a state of temporary insanity "until he recognizes that it is the Most High who has exalted him and not himself. God's prophetic word toward the king comes to pass and for a specified period of time he is driven from mankind and given the mind of a beast and eats grass like cattle. Again and again Nebuchadnezzar is told that this is going to happen "until he recognizes that the Most High is ruler over the realm of mankind, and bestows it on whomever He wishes." (Daniel 4:17, 25, 32) At the end of this period of time Nebuchadnezzar raises his eyes to heaven and his reason is restored to him. The chapter ends with Nebuchadnezzar being restored to his place of majesty and splendor as "he blesses the Most High and praises and honors Him who lives forever." (Daniel 4:34) What has God taught Nebuchadnezzar about how God deals with those who have no regard for His mighty hand? Nebuchadnezzar sums up the lessons that he has learned in this proclamation, "For His dominion is an everlasting dominion, and His kingdom endures from generation to generation. And all the inhabitants of the earth are accounted as nothing, but He does according to His will in the host of heaven and among the inhabitants of earth; and no one can ward off His hand or say to Him, 'What hast Thou done?'" (Daniel 4:34-35) What do we learn about God from His dealings with this king? We learn that all His works are true and His ways just, and He is able to humble those who walk in pride. (Daniel 4:37) Matthew 23:12 And whoever exalts himself shall be humbled; and whoever humbles himself shall be exalted.