Main point summary
Paul asks God to make the Thessalonians love more, so that their hearts will be ready for the final judgment.
1 Thessalonians 3:11-13
Paul abounds in love for them.
Paul is interested in the condition of their hearts at the final judgment. He wants them to be prepared. This seems to point to chapters 4-5, where he teaches them about Christ’s second coming. What Paul says here implies that it is important that our hearts be blameless in holiness. If our hearts are blameless and holy, then we will be saved. We will escape judgment. It is amazing that we, as sinners, can have blameless and holy hearts through the sacrifice of Jesus.
Our hearts are established as blameless through our love for others. So, our love for one another and for others causes nonbelievers to take notice of the church, and it makes us holy, ready for the final judgment. God is responsible for establishing our hearts, and he does that through making us love one another and everyone. The way that God makes us ready for judgment is by making us love one another and others.
Paul uses three verbs/phrases that show that God is doing the action: direct, make you increase and abound, and establish. Paul is praying to God, asking him to work. What does it mean for our hearts to be “established”? James 5 tells us to “establish your hearts”.
In Ch. 5 Paul says “...seek to do good to one another and to everyone...”
This prayer comes right before Paul’s instructions about living and about the end times in Chapters 4-5. So, the order is that Paul asks God to do something, and then he instructs the Thessalonians (the beneficiary of his prayer), how to live and what to believe.
Now may w our God and Father himself, and our Lord Jesus, x direct our way to you,
and may the Lord y make you increase and abound in love z for one another and for all,
as we do for you,
so that he may a establish your hearts blameless in holiness before w our God and Father,
at b the coming of our Lord Jesus c with all his saints.