Main point summary
The Pharisees try to trick Jesus by asking him if divorce is lawful. Jesus asks them what scripture says. The Pharisees say that Moses allowed for divorce (Deut 24:1-4). Jesus says that this allowance was only given because of their sinful hearts; he then refers to how Genesis 1:27 and 2:24 says that marriage is a one-flesh union and that therefore man shouldn’t separate what God joined together. Later, Jesus privately teaches his disciples that if a person divorces their spouse and marriages another, they commit adultery.
And Pharisees came up
And some Pharisees (teachers of the Mosaic law) approached Jesus
and in order b to test him asked,
and for the purpose of tripping him up asked,
c “Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife?”
“Does God allow a man to divorce his wife?”
He answered them,
“What did Moses command you?”
“What does the scriptures say?”
The Pharisees answered,
d “Moses allowed a man to write a certificate of divorce
“In Deuteronomy 24, Moses allowed a man to divorce his wife as long as he wrote her a certificate of divorce
and to send her away.”
and sent her away.”
And Jesus said to them,
Jesus answered them,
“Because of your e hardness of heart
“It is because of your sinful and rebellious hearts
he wrote you this commandment.
that this law about divorce was given.
But f from the beginning of creation,
However, in the beginning,
‘God made them g male and female.’
‘God created man and also created woman to be a suitable helper for man.’
h ‘Therefore a man shall leave his father and mother
And the implication was given that ‘Thus, it shall be that a man shall leave his father and mother
and hold fast to his wife, 1
and hold fast to his wife in marriage,
and i the two shall become one flesh.’
and the two of them shall become one person.’
So they are no longer two
The implication of these verses is that they are no longer two people
but one flesh.
but have been joined together as one person.
j What therefore God has joined together,
Thus, because God joins a husband a wife together in marriage,
let not man separate.”
man has no business separating this union by divorcing.”
And in the house
Later, when they had gotten to the place that they were saying
the disciples asked him again about this matter.
the disciples privately asked Jesus about his teaching about divorce.
And he said to them,
And Jesus explained to them,
k “Whoever divorces his wife
the man who divorces his wife,
and marries another
and gets married to another woman,
commits adultery against her,
commits adultery against his first wife,
and l if she divorces her husband
and if a wife divorces her husband
and marries another,
and marriages another man,
she commits adultery.”
she commits adultery against her first husband.”