God has Spoken
Hebrews 1:1-4
Jesus is God!
Published April 10th, 2021; Updated April 29th, 2021
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Main point summary
The first thing we see is that God spoke. But He did it differently in the two different times mentioned in this text. During the Old Testament times, God spoke through the prophets in different ways and times. We can clearly see how that happened in the Old Testament. All the prophets were pointing towards Christ even though they never saw Him. Their message was not complete for they constantly awaited the coming of the Messiah. In these last days though, which refers to the time since Jesus ascended into heaven until now, God has spoken in only one way, and that is through His Son. How did He do that? By sending His only Son on earth. John 3:16. And who is this Son? He is the image of the invisible God and now He is seated at the right hand of the Father after He made purification for sin. The Son is God! Jesus said it in John 10:30, "I and the Father are one.” The message that God is speaking to us is salvation comes only by faith in the His Son. Our message is now complete, Christ has come. And that is the message of reconciliation . 2 Cor 5:17-21 The message is "For our sake he made him to be sin who knew no sin, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God." 2 Cor 5:21 A question that comes when reading this passage is, do prophets still exist since He has already spoken by His Son?
Main point summary
Even though long ago God spoke to our fathers by the prophets, in these last days, He has spoken to us by His Son.
Hebrews 1:1-4
Long ago, at many times and a in many ways, God spoke to our fathers
During the Old Testament times, God communicated to the people in various ways and frequently
by the prophets,
through the means of the prophets,
but b in these last days c he has spoken to us
but on the other hand , in these last days, that is, since Jesus died on the cross for our sins, God has communicated to us
by d his Son,
through the means of His only beloved Son, Jesus Christ our Lord.
whom he appointed e the heir of all things,
Who is this Son? He is the one God chose to inherit all things,
f through whom also he created g the world.
and also God made everything there is here on earth by His Son.
He is the radiance of the glory of God
Furthermore , the Son reflects God's shekinah glory
and h the exact imprint of his nature,
in other words , He is the perfect representation of the Fathers essence,
and he upholds the universe by the word of his power.
and He sustains the cosmos by holding every atom in its place by His powerful word.
i After making purification for sins,
After He took all the sins of men by becoming a curse for us on the cross,
j he sat down k at the right hand of the Majesty on high,
he then ascended into heaven and sat down at the right hand God our Father,
having become as much superior to angels
because just as He became exceedingly greater than the angels
as the name l he has inherited is more excellent than theirs.
even so he gained a title that is more magnificent than the angels.
Brent Karding
as the name he has inherited is more excellent than theirs.
The rest of your relationships in this bracket are very good, showing the structure of the text well.

I would only push back against Ground here: the "as much" in 4a, with the "as" in 4b, shows a comparison. The text isn't saying that Jesus is superior because his name is more excellent: the "as much... as" is making a comparison, not a support.
Isaac Dimba
Oh, yes, that's true. I actually thought of as you have put there, but I see what you are saying.
Brent Karding
Your Main Point Summary shows that you see this: it doesn't summarize 1a-b and 2-4 as equal, but only summarizes 2-4, leaving out 1 altogether.
Isaac Dimba
Brent Karding
but in these last days he has spoken to us
Alternative looked good to me at first, but when I looked closer, I saw that the author isn't giving two possibilities, both equal, with the second one a little heavier. Rather, 2a-b surely has the emphasis: "God used to speak this way, but now he has spoken in this way." Concessive would work best: "Even though God spoke in other ways before, he has now spoken climactically in Jesus."
Isaac Dimba
Makes sense.
Disclaimer: The opinions and conclusions expressed on this page are those of the author and may or may not accord with the positions of Biblearc or Bethlehem College & Seminary.