Main point summary
In this passage Jesus speaks both of His future suffering, rejection, murder, and resurrection and also His Second Coming. Our response to the former will determine Jesus' response to us at the latter. We can either set our minds on the things of man, liken ourselves to Satan, and live a life of selfish gain--leading the living God to be ashamed of us and earning ourselves eternal wrath. Or, we can set our minds on the things of God, follow Jesus as he prescribes by taking up our cross for His sake and the Gospel, and save our soul as a result.
u And he began to teach them
Jesus taught the disciples
that v the Son of Man must w suffer many things
4 things: 1) that he must suffer a lot
and x be rejected by the elders and the chief priests and the scribes
2) that he must be rejected by the elders and the chief priests and the scribes
and be killed,
3) that he must be murdered,
and y after three days rise again.
and 4) that he must rise again after three days.
And he said this z plainly.
Jesus told this to them plainly (the opposite of figures of speech)
And Peter took him aside and began to rebuke him.
Peter took Jesus aside and started to rebuke (chide/censure) him
But turning and seeing his disciples,
but because Jesus saw the rest of his disciples watching
he rebuked Peter and said, a “Get behind me, Satan!
he rebuked Peter and told him "get behind me Satan,
For you b are not setting your mind on the things of God,
because you, Peter, are NOT setting your mind on the things of God
but on the things of man.”
instead you are setting your mind on the things of man."
And calling the crowd to him with his disciples, he said to them, “If anyone would come after me,
Jesus called the crowd over to where him and his disciples were. He told them that if anyone wants to go after him they need to
let him c deny himself
and d take up his cross
and take up their cross,
and follow me.
and follow Him.
For d whoever would save his life 1
The reason being, if you want to save your life
will lose it,
you must lose it
but whoever loses his life
BUT, if you lose your life
for my sake e and the gospel’s
for Jesus' sake and the Gospel's
will save it.
you will end up saving it.
f For what does it profit a man to gain the whole world
Jesus further explains this point by asking, what good does it do to gain the world (aka save your life)
and forfeit his soul?
and forfeit (i.e. damage, punish) your soul?
For g what can a man give in return for his soul?
nothing is as valuable as our soul.
For h whoever is ashamed of me and of my words in this i adulterous and sinful generation,
Answer. No good. Whoever is ashamed of Jesus and of His words in this "friend of the world" generation,
of him will the Son of Man also be ashamed
Jesus will be ashamed of that person,
j when he comes in the glory of his Father with k the holy angels.”
in the future, when he comes in Glory with the holy angels (tens and thousands of angels!, the book of life and death will be opened, he will come in the clouds of heaven with great power and glory, he will sit on his glorious throne, he will deliver some from wrath at this time, every eye will see him, and every nation will wail on account of him)
Jesus clearly told the disciples what must happen to him in the future. Peter responded by rebuking Jesus and Jesus rebuked him back.
Jesus explains what it looks like to follow him—denying yourself for his sake and the Gospel. He says that doing this will lead to our live being saved, but not doing this will lead to losing our life. And there is nothing worse than Jesus being ashamed of us when he comes again.