Main point summary
God is merciful to all! He has, at present, intentionally hardened most Jewish hearts to the Gospel in order that the Gospel would spread to all the nations by way of Jewish disobedience, but ultimately God will save the Jews as well, by way of Gentile obedience, because of his promise to the patriarchs. He has given everyone over to disobedience in order that He may be merciful to everyone.
h Lest you be wise in your own sight,
I do not want you to be unaware of this mystery, brothers: 1
i a partial hardening has come upon Israel,
j until the fullness of the Gentiles has come in.
And in this way all Israel will be saved,
as it is written,
k “The Deliverer will come l from Zion,
he will banish ungodliness from Jacob”;
“and this will be my m covenant with them
n when I take away their sins.”
As regards the gospel,
they are enemies
for your sake.
But as regards election,
they are o beloved
for the sake of their forefathers.
For the gifts and p the calling of God are irrevocable.
For just as q you were at one time disobedient to God
but now have received mercy because of their disobedience,
so they too have now been disobedient
in order that by the mercy shown to you
they also may now 1 receive mercy.
For God r has consigned all to disobedience,
that he may have mercy on all.
To avoid you Gentiles believing that you are wise and Israel is foolish, I am telling you this:
A large amount of Jews' hearts have been hardened to the Gospel until God has saved the full number of Gentiles, And then the Lord will keep his covenant with Jacob by taking away [the jews'] sins through The Deliverer who is Jesus Christ.
When it comes to the Gospel and the spread of the Good News, God hardened the Jews in order that we Gentiles may be saved. But when it comes to God's election for salvation, God will ultimately choose the Jews in order to keep his promise to the patriarchs.
Lest Meaning: To avoid the risk of.. ... And a Redeemer will come to Zion, to those in Jacob who turn from transgression,” declares the Lord . 21 “And as for me, this is my covenant with them,” says the Lord : “My Spirit that is upon you, and my words that I have put in your mouth, shall not depart out of your mouth, or out of the mouth of your offspring, or out of the mouth of your children’s offspring,” says the Lord , “from this time forth and forevermore.” Isaiah 59:20-21 ESV Rom 11:32 God has given all over to disobedience Q: Why would he have to give us over to disobedience to have mercy on us?