Main point summary
The Lord is my shepherd, so I lack nothing.
The Lord is my d shepherd;
The Lord is my shepherd,
I shall not e want.
I lack nothing.
He makes me lie down in green f pastures.
He takes me to lush pastures,
He leads me beside still waters. 1
he leads me to refreshing water.
He g restores my soul.
He restores my strength.
He h leads me in i paths of righteousness 1
He leads me down the right paths
for his j name’s sake.
for the sake of his reputation.
Even though I k walk through the valley of l the shadow of death, 1
Even when I must walk through the darkest valley,
I will m fear no evil,
I fear no danger,
for n you are with me;
for you are with me;
your o rod and your staff, they comfort me.
your rod and your staff reassure me. 1
You p prepare a table before me in q the presence of my enemies;
You prepare a feast before me 2 in plain sight of my enemies.
you r anoint my head with oil;
You refresh 3 my head with oil;
my s cup overflows.
my cup is completely full. 4
Surely 1 goodness and mercy 2 shall follow me all the days of my life,
Surely your goodness and faithfulness 5 will pursue 6 me all my days, 7
and I shall t dwell 3 in the house of the Lord u forever. 4
and I will live in 8 the Lord ’s house 9 for the rest of my life. 10
I really think that this is the key idea. Those with Yahweh as their shepherd lack nothing. In the good or dangerous times. He leads, he is present
God's purpose of leading us rightly is ultimately because of his own reputation and honor. Because his character is perfect, he will not let it be defamed forever.
Utter confidence, no fear. The enemies are no longer threats.
What precedes gives surety that he will be cared for forever. His hope is stable, consistent, and safe.
At the end it says that his cup is completely full, but here he seems to be saying that he is lead around to water. Is his cup still full while being led? Are there dark times in between waters where his cup isn't full?
The answer to fear is the presence of God. God doesn't keep from danger because that would be cowardly. He walks with us into danger because he is courageous.
I'm thinking that this has to do with the weapons and tools that are needed for danger. For me, I look to God's power and past faithfulness, and this reassures and comforts that the current danger will not be too hard for God.
I am not sure what he means by this. Does he have some sort of a concept of heaven being and eternal state dwelling in God's house?
goodness is in the darkest valleys as well
It is interesting that the next verse talks about walking a path of deep darkness which I am assuming that the LORD has led him down. Because of his name and reputation he will not let you become weak on the easy paths
The "though" is not in the NET translation, but I still think that this is a concessive response. Fear is the natural response to a dangerous path, but David is not afraid even of the deepest darkness.
I would rather be taken through the most dangerous, painful valley with God with me, than be comfortable.
When God is taking care of you, then you lack nothing. You have no need, no want, no hope for anything else. God is the perfect shepherd who refreshes, nourishes, protects, guides, and comforts his sheep. Why seek rest in another? Even if God should lead you to dark paths, do you think you will find better hope in something else? If God makes you come up short, then there is no option that will come through. There is no hope of ever being satisfied by anything. But this is not what we know to be true. God is the eternal creator. He knows the ways of the world and where the food and the water is. He feels no fear in danger. Be assured in all things, He is your Shepherd.