Main point summary
In the midst of judgement, God promises to make a covenant with Israel wherein He would forgive their sins completely and be their God.
o “Behold, the days are coming, declares the Lord ,
Watch and See! The day draws nears says the Lord.
when I will make p a new covenant
When I will make a new and better covenant
with the house of Israel and the house of Judah,
That is, a covenant with Israel and with Judah
not like the covenant that I made with their fathers
It will NOT be like the one I made with their Fathers
on the day when q I took them by the hand
That one that I made when I took them by the hand
to bring them out of the land of Egypt,
In order that I may bring them out of Egypt
my covenant that they broke,
The covenant that they broke
r though I was their husband, declares the Lord .
Even though I was to them a husband, says the Lord
s For this is the covenant that I will make
BUT this is the new covenant that I will make
with the house of Israel after those days, declares the Lord :
That I will make with Israel.
s I will put my law within them,
I will put my law in them
and I will write it t on their hearts.
That is, I will write it on their hearts
u And I will be their God,
For I will be their God
and they shall be my people.
And they will be my people
And no longer shall each one teach his neighbor and each his brother,
So that no longer will they teach their neighbors or brothers
saying, ‘Know the Lord ,’
To say “know the Lord”
v for they shall all know me,
Because they shall all know me
w from the least of them to the greatest, declares the Lord .
That is from the least all the way to tthe greatest declares the Lord.
For x I will forgive their iniquity,
Because I will forgive their unrighteousiness
and y I will remember their sin no more.”
And their sins will I forget.
Amidst the impending Judgement God will make a better covenant.
Not like the covenant that they sinfully broke.
It will be a lasting covenant because He will be their God and will forgive their sins and teach them His truth.
A promise of a better covenant Background: God is announcing the coming judgement (Jer 4:6) because the people of Israel and Judah broken the covenant of God (11:8) Passage outline God's coming covenant (v31) A new covenant made with all Israel and Judah God contrasts the old covenant (v32) Not like the Mosaic covenant (v32a-b) The one they transgressed which resulted to their punishment God clarifies the new covenant (v33-34) In this new covenant God will be their God and He will be their people Because God will put His law in them and on their hearts (Obedience from the heart) Because God will forgive their sins that separated and continued to separate them from Him Application: Head: The coming of the new covenant was ushered in by Christ's death and resurrection, It is also expanded to the gentiles who are grafted in (Eph 3:6) called the true Israel of God (Gal 6:16), So that all both Jews and Gentiles share in this blessing of the new covenant the moment they put their faith in Christ Jesus who is the guarator of a new and better covenant. Heart: Like the Jews who heard this prophecy we must be encouraged that even though trials and tribulations will come in this life we have hope in the finished work of Christ who will not break His covenant. Hands: When troubles, trials and tribulation come, and we are tempted to doubt God's goodness let us look at the covenant of God ratified in the blood of Christ through whom we have the forgiveness of sins and by whom we have the Spirit of God living in us to remind us of His law and statutes.