1 Peter 1:1-5
Πέτρος ἀπόστολος Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ ἐκλεκτοῖς παρεπιδήμοις διασπορᾶς Πόντου, Γαλατίας, Καππαδοκίας, Ἀσίας, καὶ Βιθυνίας, κατὰ πρόγνωσιν θεοῦ πατρός, ἐν ἁγιασμῷ πνεύματος, εἰς ὑπακοὴν καὶ ῥαντισμὸν αἵματος Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ·
Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, To those who are elect exiles of the dispersion in Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia, according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, in the sanctification of the Spirit, for obedience to Jesus Christ and for sprinkling with his blood:
χάρις ὑμῖν καὶ εἰρήνη πληθυνθείη.
May grace and peace be multiplied to you.
Εὐλογητὸς ὁ θεὸς καὶ πατὴρ τοῦ κυρίου ἡμῶν Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ,
Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ!
ὁ κατὰ τὸ πολὺ αὐτοῦ ἔλεος ἀναγεννήσας ἡμᾶς εἰς ἐλπίδα ζῶσαν δι’ ἀναστάσεως Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ ἐκ νεκρῶν, εἰς κληρονομίαν ἄφθαρτον καὶ ἀμίαντον καὶ ἀμάραντον, τετηρημένην ἐν οὐρανοῖς εἰς ὑμᾶς
According to his great mercy, he has caused us to be born again to a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, to an inheritance that is imperishable, undefiled, and unfading, kept in heaven for you,
τοὺς ἐν δυνάμει θεοῦ φρουρουμένους διὰ πίστεως εἰς σωτηρίαν ἑτοίμην ἀποκαλυφθῆναι ἐν καιρῷ ἐσχάτῳ.
who by God's power are being guarded through faith for a salvation ready to be revealed in the last time.
Though this greeting is loaded with significant truths, namely, the sequence of prepositional phrases in v.2, prepositional phrases are (generally) not complete subject-predicate clauses and should not be given separate arcs. In this case, each prepositional phrase modifies the adjective elect . Look for the verbs! The verb rules a clause; and in 1-2a there is only the implied verb, "I write..." or "I address...", so there is only one proposition.
Sit-R does not have to be a negative relationship . In this case, as Peter reflects on the realities of God's actions in salvation (causing us to be born again and guarding believers to the end), his response is to worship God in an expression of praise. I chose Sit-R over simply 'G' because it is this ' praise in response to God's saving action' that Peter goes on to further develop in the next section, (v.6-9) which explains how it is that his readers can rejoice in salvation while in the midst of trials.
Central Idea: Peter opens this letter with a 'typical' formula (author, recipient, blessing, praise), but so packs these elements full that his readers cannot miss the weight of the security of their salvation because it has been wrought by God. Explanations / Questions: I generally tend to default to the big picture. You will see this in my arcs as I do not split off smaller phrases that, though they may add significant details, are not complete clauses making clear assertions. v.5, "...by God's power... are being guarded... through faith..." Question: What other Scriptures shed light on the connections among these three? Insights: v.1-2, The major theme of this letter is Peter's encouragement (and exhortations) for believers in the midst of trials and growing persecution. Even in his greeting to these believers, living out on the geographic fringes of the gospel - away from the support of the larger Christian communities - Peter's encouragement is strong: you do have an identity, you do belong, your salvation is of God, full of purpose and secure in Him. v.2, A rich and clear trinitarian expression of the nature of our salvation: we are elect... ...by foreknowledge of the Father, (cf. 1:3-5, 20; 2:4, 9-10; 5:10) ...in sanctification of the Spirit, (cf. 1:13-16; 2:4-5; 4:1-6) ...for obedience to Jesus Christ, (cf. 1:13-25; 2:21-25; 4:1-2, 12-14) ...and for sprinkling with His blood, (cf. 1:18-19; 2:24-25; 3:18) v.5, This is a relative clause that adds details (explanation) about the "you" at the end of v.4. But it is more than a mere modifying clause. It further develops God's gracious work in salvation: He brings about the new birth and he sees his work through, guarding the believer to the end. Additionally, not only is the believer's inheritance being kept secure for him, but he his being guarded for it. v.3, I've heard worship defined as, 'all that I am responding to all that He is.' Peter offers a simple, clear expression of worship in response to God's saving work! Come Thou Fount of every blessing, Tune my heart to sing Thy grace; Streams of mercy, never ceasing, Call for songs of loudest praise! Tune my heart indeed.