Main point summary
Faith without works= ridiculous; dead (faith); characteristic of demons; useless; incomplete; no justification
What good is it, my brothers, if someone says he has faith
Brothers, what good is it if someone says he has faith
o but does not have works?
but has no works ?
Can that faith save him?
That is , does that type of faith have the ability to save him ?
p If a brother or sister is poorly clothed
[Ask yourself this:] If a fellow Christian doesn't have clothes
and lacking in daily food,
and doesn't have food,
q and one of you says to them,
and then one of you says to them,
“Go in peace,
"Go in peace,
and stay warm
and be filled with food,"
without giving them the things needed for the body,
nevertheless he doesn't give them the things they need,
what good 1 is that?
Then what good is that ?
So also faith by itself, if it does not have works, is dead.
[ its not good!] Faith by itself is dead, if it doesn't have works
But someone will say,
But , someone will say,
“You have faith
This is ...
and I have works.”
Show me your faith r apart from your works,
and I will show you my faith s by my works.
t You believe that God is one;
you do well.
Even u the demons believe—
Do you want to be shown, you foolish person, that faith apart from works is useless?
Moreover , are you willing to understand,... that faith without works is dead?
v Was not Abraham our father justified by works
Let me explain: wasnt father Abraham justified by works
when he offered up his son Isaac on the altar?
when he offered up Isaac on the altar ?
You see that w faith was active along with his works,
Yes, faith was active with his works,
and faith was completed x by his works;
and furthermore, faith was completed by his works;
and the Scripture was fulfilled that says,
y “Abraham believed God,
that is. .. He believed
and it was counted to him as righteousness”—
and as a result he was counted righteous
and he was called a z friend of God.
You see that a person is justified by works
and not by faith alone.
And in the same way was not also a Rahab the prostitute justified by works
b when she received the messengers
and sent them out by another way?
For as the body apart from the spirit is dead,
so also faith apart from works is dead.
As I see it, James uses 4 situations to answer the question "can faith without works save?" 1. Ridiculous situation of a fellow christian with basic needs 2. Even demons "believe" certain truths 3. Abraham 4. Rahab Note : I found it interesting that he specifically says Abraham our father and Rahab the prostitute . One who was cherished by the Jews, and another who might be looked down upon for her vocation. In some ways, this connects to favoritism in the first section of chapter 2. Patriarch and prostitute are both justified in the same way. Verse 12&13 mention speaking and acting. Also, mercy triumphing over judgment. What is talk without action? Moreover, what is mercy without action (i.e. forgiveness)? Hear and do . “But be doers of the word, and not hearers only, deceiving yourselves.” James 1:22 Believe and do . “You see that faith was active along with his works, and faith was completed by his works;” James 2:22
Example: ridiculous situation a few thoughts.. With food and raiment... Let us thereby be content Think.... Brother , sister ! - co heirs with Christ! - co redeemed - Loved by God! - no partially! Note: ch 1 - child of God! - "you who didn't to the least of these, you did not do unto me...." Think... Daily food. - just basics, needed to survive - esp in our embarrassment of wealth in America Outrageous, ridiculous to think this person has faith in God.
Wasn't sure what to do with this section... Not sure how to relate to others. The "but" in 18a confused me - maybe a pos/neg?
Example: "faith" of demons