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Quits Sabio
Elder at Sovereign Mercy Evangelical Church Inc. and President of Reformed Exegetes Society
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The first Christmas happened in order to establish God's kingdom through His Son Jesus Christ.
Haggai 2:20-23
When He who is clean, namely the Lord Jesus Christ, touched us, we are made clean
Haggai 2:10-19
For all of his bigness, our God has a remarkable love for the small. - Scott Hubbard
Haggai 2:1-9
We should align our priorities with God's priorities, because only when we do so we can be truly satisfied.
Haggai 1:1-15
Where there is hope, there is life (and faith and love) - J. Scott Duvall
Colossians 1:4-5
To walk worthy of our calling is not to call attention to our own worth but to show the worth of our calling
Ephesians 4:1-6
How does a soul magnify the Lord?
Luke 1:39-56
The Death that Delivers From Fear of Death
Hebrews 2:5-15
What is a fruitful life?
John 15:1-7
How can God make much of us and still be for Himself?
Ephesians 1:3-14
Elect Exiles According To The Foreknowledge Of The Father, In The Sanctification Of The Spirit, For Blood Bought Obedience To Jesus
1 Peter 1:1-2
Christian Hospitality Covers a Multitude  of Sin
1 Peter 4
No one can take away your joy from you - Jesus
John 16:16-22
True knowledge about God will result in true love for others.
1 Corinthians 8:1-3
In sin we were dead but in Chirst we were made alive.
Ephesians 2:1-10
To be under the Mosaic law again is not only childish, but also devilish and damning.
Galatians 4:8-11
Beware of working for God! Instead, gladly obey God as our Father and not as our taskmaster.
Galatians 4:1-7
The law serves the promise until the coming of the seed
Galatians 3:19-22
The Law cannot nullify the Promise
Galatians 3:15-18
Law demands a life of perfect obedience, but Faith demands a life of faith in Christ's act of redemption alone
Galatians 3:9-14
Faith is the spiritual DNA by which our familial relationship to Abraham can be proven.
Galatians 3:6-9
We can't start with the Spirit and then end with the flesh
Galatians 3:1-5
What is dying to the law and living to God?
Galatians 2:15-21
Lead others to the truth of the gospel not just with propositions but also with our actions.
Galatians 2:11-14
How important that there is only one gospel?
Galatians 2:1-10
What are you hoping for?
Psalm 42:11
No other gospel that brings glory to God than the gospel of grace that transforms its messenger
Galatians 1:18-24
If you want to please God, seek what pleases Him, namely the preaching of Christ
Galatians 1:11-17
Want some peace of mind? So Pray!
Philippians 4:6-7
What brings understanding, our thinking or God's granting?
2 Timothy 2:7
What it means to be a slave of Christ?
Galatians 1:10
To desert from the Gospel is to desert away from God
Galatians 1:6-9
Seek God's approval and not the approval of men
Galatians 1:1-5
Standing Firm in the Lord demonstrates itself in unity, peacekeeping, rejoicing in the Lord always and forbearance toward one another
Philippians 4:1-9
Resurrection is a means to lay hold of the prize who is Christ Jesus so strive to attain it since He already laid hold of you
Philippians 3:12-21
Jesus came into the world to exegete the Father
John 1:1-18
God is more glorified in us when we enjoy him than when we fear him
Luke 2:8-20
The supremacy of the worth of Christ outweighs all things, and that includes all human boastings!
Philippians 3:1-11
Risking for Jesus will yield greater returns
Philippians 2:25-30
Seeking the interest of Christ is seeking the interest of others above one's own
Philippians 2:19-24
What is the secret to a grumble free life and happy pastors?
Philippians 2:14-16
God is not wasting our suffering,  we shouldn't also
Philippians 1:12-18
How to work out your own Salvation?
Philippians 2:12-18
Motivations for Obedience
Philippians 2:12-13
Christ Emptied himself by Adding
Philippians 2:6-7
Christian unity delights itself in the interest of others
Philippians 2:1-5
To Know Christ is to have the will of the Father
John 7:17-18
Find your Joy in God in the joy of your leaders and the flock
Hebrews 13:17
The Church Abides to Chirst so should Wives to their Husbands. Christ never forsake His Church, so should Husbands to their Wives
Ephesians 5:22-33
Herald the word even if your life is at stake
2 Timothy 4:2
Any talk of gender roles and equality must be grounded on creation.
1 Corinthians 11:7-12
There is Joy in praying for the sanctification of our brethren!
Philippians 1:3-11
Since God is righteous, God must elect according to his own freedom
Romans 9:14-18
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The Secret of being Content
Philippians 4:10-20
God gets more glory when more people rely on Him for contentment in times of need.
Published January 27th, 2019
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Main point summary
Discourse Analysis of 4:10-20
Main point summary
Paul rejoiced in the Lord because 1) he learned how to be content in all circumstance, 2) because when Paul relies on God to support the Philippians as they support him, God gets more glory.
Discourse Analysis of 4:10-20
Philippians 4:10-20
I rejoiced in the Lord greatly
Ἐχάρην δὲ ἐν κυρίῳ μεγάλως
But I rejoiced in the Lord greatly,
I have great joy in the Lord
Now I [too] have great joy in the Lord
that now at length z you have revived your concern for me.
ὅτι ἤδη ποτὲ ἀνεθάλετε τὸ ὑπὲρ ἐμοῦ φρονεῖν,
that now at last a you have revived your concern for me; indeed,
because now at last you have again expressed your concern for me.
because now at last you have again expressed [flourish] your concern for me.
You were indeed concerned for me,
ἐφʼ ᾧ καὶ ἐφρονεῖτε,
you were concerned before,
(Now I know you were concerned before
[That is not to say you were not concerned], I know you were concerned
but you had no opportunity.
ἠκαιρεῖσθε δέ.
but you lacked opportunity.
but had no opportunity to do anything.) 7
but just lack the opportunity to help.
Not that I am speaking of being in need,
οὐχ ὅτι καθʼ ὑστέρησιν λέγω,
Not that I speak 1 from want,
I am not saying this because I am in need,
[Just to be clear, first,] I am not saying this because I am in need,
for I have learned in whatever situation I am to be a content.
ἐγὼ γὰρ ἔμαθον ἐν οἷς εἰμι αὐτάρκης εἶναι.
for I have learned to be 2 a content in whatever circumstances I am.
for I have learned to be content in any circumstance.
for I have learned to be content in any circumstance.
I know how to be brought low, and I know how to abound.
οἶδα καὶ ταπεινοῦσθαι,
I know how to get along with humble means, and I also know how to live in prosperity;
I have experienced times of need
[Both as] I have experienced times of need
In any and every circumstance, I have learned the secret of facing plenty and b hunger, abundance and c need.
οἶδα καὶ περισσεύειν•
in any and every circumstance I have learned the secret of being filled and going a hungry, both of having abundance and b suffering need.
and times of abundance.
and times of abundance
ἐν παντὶ καὶ ἐν πᾶσιν μεμύημαι,
In any and every circumstance I have learned the secret of contentment, 8
[Therefore] in any and every circumstance I have learned the secret [of contentment],
καὶ χορτάζεσθαι
whether I go satisfied
both to be well fed
καὶ πεινᾶν
or hungry,
and to experience hunger
καὶ περισσεύειν
have plenty
[that is] both to have plenty
καὶ ὑστερεῖσθαι•
or nothing.
and to be lacking
I can do all things d through him who strengthens me.
πάντα ἰσχύω
I can do all things 1 through Him who a strengthens me.
I am able to do all things 9
I am able to do all thing [that includes being content in whatever situation I'm in]
ἐν τῷ ἐνδυναμοῦντί με .
through the one 10 who strengthens me.
because of the one who strengthens me.
Yet it was kind of you e to share 1 my trouble.
πλὴν καλῶς ἐποιήσατε συγκοινωνήσαντές μου τῇ θλίψει.
Nevertheless, you have done well to a share with me in my affliction.
Nevertheless, you did well to share with me in my trouble.
[having said that], nevertheless, you did well to share with me in my trouble.
And you Philippians yourselves know that f in the beginning of the gospel, when I left Macedonia, g no church entered into partnership with me in giving and receiving, except you only.
οἴδατε δὲ καὶ ὑμεῖς, Φιλιππήσιοι,
You yourselves also know, Philippians, that at the 1 a first preaching of the gospel, after I left b Macedonia, no church c shared with me in the matter of giving and receiving but you alone;
And as you Philippians know,
And as you Philippians know,
ὅτι ἐν ἀρχῇ τοῦ εὐαγγελίου,
at the beginning of my gospel ministry,
at the beginning of my gospel ministry,
ὅτε ἐξῆλθον ἀπὸ Μακεδονίας,
when I left Macedonia,
[that is] when I left Macedonia,
οὐδεμία μοι ἐκκλησία ἐκοινώνησεν εἰς λόγον δόσεως
no church shared with me in this matter of giving
no church shared with me in this matter of giving
καὶ λήμψεως εἰ μὴ ὑμεῖς μόνοι,
and receiving except you alone.
and receiving except you alone.
Even in Thessalonica you sent me help for my needs once and again.
ὅτι καὶ ἐν Θεσσαλονίκῃ
for even in a Thessalonica you sent a gift more than once for my needs.
For even in Thessalonica 11
For even in Thessalonica
καὶ ἅπαξ καὶ δὶς
on more than one occasion 12
on more than one occasion
εἰς τὴν χρείαν μοι ἐπέμψατε.
you sent something for my need.
you sent something for my need.
h Not that I seek the gift, but I seek i the fruit that increases to your credit. 1
οὐχ ὅτι ἐπιζητῶ τὸ δόμα,
a Not that I seek the gift itself, but I seek for the 1 profit which increases to your account.
I do not say this because I am seeking a gift. 13
[Second] I do not say this because I am seeking a gift.
ἀλλʼ ἐπιζητῶ τὸν καρπὸν τὸν πλεονάζοντα εἰς λόγον ὑμῶν.
Rather, I seek the credit that abounds to your account.
Rather, I seek the credit that abounds to your account.
I have received full payment, and more. I am well supplied, j having received from Epaphroditus the gifts you sent, k a fragrant offering, l a sacrifice acceptable and pleasing to God.
ἀπέχω δὲ πάντα
But I have received everything in full and have an abundance; I am 1 amply supplied, having received from a Epaphroditus 2 what you have sent, 3 b a fragrant aroma, an acceptable sacrifice, well-pleasing to God.
For I have received everything,
For I have received everything,
καὶ περισσεύω•
and I have plenty.
ans so I have plenty,
I have all I need
[that is] I have all I need
δεξάμενος παρὰ Ἐπαφροδίτου τὰ παρʼ ὑμῶν,
because I received from Epaphroditus what you sent -
because I received from Epaphroditus what you sent -
ὀσμὴν εὐωδίας, θυσίαν δεκτήν, εὐάρεστον τῷ θεῷ.
a fragrant offering, an acceptable sacrifice, very pleasing to God.
a fragrant offering, an acceptable sacrifice, very pleasing to God,
And my God m will supply every need of yours n according to his riches in glory in Christ Jesus.
ὁ δὲ θεός μου πληρώσει πᾶσαν χρείαν ὑμῶν κατὰ τὸ πλοῦτος αὐτοῦ ἐν δόξῃ ἐν Χριστῷ Ἰησοῦ.
And a my God will supply 1 all your needs according to His b riches in glory in Christ Jesus.
And my God will supply your every need according to his glorious riches 14 in Christ Jesus.
and therefore my God will supply your every need according to his glorious riches in Christ Jesus.
To o our God and Father be p glory forever and ever. Amen.
τῷ δὲ θεῷ καὶ πατρὶ ἡμῶν ἡ δόξα εἰς τοὺς αἰῶνας τῶν αἰώνων, ἀμήν.
Now to a our God and Father b be the glory 1 forever and ever. Amen.
May glory be given to God our Father forever and ever. Amen.
and so may glory be given to God our Father forever and ever, Amen
"THE APOSTLE Paul was a very learned man, but not the least among his manifold acquisitions in science was this — he had learned to be content. Such learning is far better than much that is acquired in the schools." - C.H. Spurgeon There are many things to learn from a great man. I myself learned a great deal from others that I looked up to as great men and women from the past. That's why I dedicated a series of tribute paintings in honor of such individuals. I considered these people who influenced me in music, arts, philosophy and theology, as the ones who greatly excel in their craft. But, only next to Jesus, the person I'm really interested in emulating and so give honor to is the Apostle Paul. Hands down he's the best when it comes to philosophy, exegesis and theology. He's a master wordsmith. But that's not the ultimate reason why I wanted to imitate him. I want to imitate him in his glorifying the Lord by rejoicing in Him. Paul said in Philippians 4:9 that we are to imitate him as well as those who do the same. And the overarching theme of this letter is rejoicing in the Lord in the midst of suffering. But did he really lived up to his own motto? Or he was just a crook who took advantage of others for their support? Short answer, No! But we need to let Paul defend himself and hopefully convince you to join me in imitating Paul as he imitate Christ.
Rejoice in the Lord Paul never gave a command that he himself was exempted to obey. When he said in Philippians 4:4 that we are to rejoice in the Lord always, he did just that. That's why he said in verse 10 that he too rejoiced in the Lord. because now at last you have again expressed your concern for me. But you will say; "the only reason he's rejoicing is because they finally supported him. That's what he told them isn't it?" That seems to be the case. Paul was after all just like any other prosperity preacher out there who's just in it for the money. That is if you stop your reading in verse 10. Paul qualifies for us what he's rejoicing about in verses 11-20. But before we deal with Paul's ultimate reason for rejoicing, he gave some clarifying remarks in verse 10. This is not a rebuke for their delayed support, which might be implied in the clause "now at last you have again". To the contrary, he acknowledged their concern and that they just lack the opportunity to do anything to help Paul. He even commended them for their support in the gospel ministry from the very beginning in verse 14-16. Two reasons Paul was not saying So what did Paul meant when he said "I rejoice in the Lord because now at last you have again expressed your concern for me."? To answer this question, Paul gave us what he didn't say. He's not saying that he rejoices because his needs were met(verse 11-16) Paul said in verse 11a that he's not saying this because he is in need. Far from it, because he learned something. Namely to be content in every and any circumstance. “But godliness with contentment is great gain. For we brought nothing into this world, and it is certain we can carry nothing out. And having food and raiment let us be therewith content. But they that will be rich fall into temptation and a snare, and into many foolish and hurtful lusts, which drown men in destruction and perdition” (1 Ti. 6:6-10). “Let your conversation be without covetousness; and be content with such things as ye have: for he hath said, I will never leave thee, nor forsake thee” (He. 13:5). God’s servant (minister) can be content in all circumstances no matter how severe they are—through Christ—but he cannot be content in any circumstance apart from Christ. “And he said unto me, My grace is sufficient for thee: for my strength is made perfect in weakness. Most gladly therefore will I rather glory in my infirmities, that the power of Christ may rest upon me, Therefore I take pleasure in infirmities, in reproaches, in necessities, in persecutions, in distresses for Christ’s sake: for when I am weak, then am I strong” (2 Co. 12:9-10). “Nay, in all these things we are more than conquerors through him that loved us” (Ro. 8:37). “And God is able to make all grace abound toward you; that ye, always having all sufficiency in all things, may abound to every good work” (2 Co. 9:8). “That he would grant you, according to the riches of his glory, to be strengthened with might by his Spirit in the inner man” (Ep. 3:16). “I can do all things through Christ which strengtheneth me” (Ph. 4:13). “So that we may boldly say, The Lord is my helper, and I will not fear what man shall do unto me” (He. 13:6). “The Lord is my strength and my shield; my heart trusted in him, and I am helped: therefore my heart greatly rejoiceth; and with my song will I praise him” (Ps. 28:7). “But I am poor and needy; yet the Lord thinketh upon me: thou art my help and my deliverer; make no tarrying, O my God” (Ps. 40:17). “Fear thou not; for I am with thee: be not dismayed; for I am thy God: I will strengthen thee; yea, I will help thee; yea, I will uphold thee with the right hand of my righteousness” (Is. 41:10). Paul's suffering for the cause of the gospel was far too great that to accuse him of being a charlatan is simply irrational. Contentment is something you can never learn by studying at school or developing for yourself skills in arts and sciences. You'll learn this by experience. You can't honestly say that you are content with what you have if you've never experience extreme hunger or poverty just as you can't say that wealth doesn't have a hold on you when you've never been filled or satisfied by extreme wealth. Contentment is an issue for both the needy and the wealthy. So don't be quick in judging the intents of others solely by their wealth or lack thereof. Instead ask yourself "have you learned the secret of contentment?" Lehman Strauss says: In those early days of my Christian experience I could not see how some Christians I knew could be content with so little of this world’s goods. I sincerely trust that I am learning the secret. From what I see about me I do not hesitate to say that it is a secret many Christians have yet to learn. Paul needed to learn it. He said, ‘I have learned....’ The lesson of contentment was one he learned by degrees in varying circumstances. As a young unbelieving Jew, he had no want insofar as this world’s possessions are concerned. He did not always know the divine provision of satisfaction, but after he was saved he came to learn it, not in the academic classroom, but as the result of a lengthy experience of trials and discipline, ‘I have learned’ is the language of a good student. Have you learned to be satisfied with your place and position and possessions in this life? (Devotional Studies in Philippians, p. 321.) Prosperity Gospel and Contentment We greatly oppose the prosperity gospel and its proponents. But we must be sure to oppose it for the right reasons. Not just because we were once victimized by the system, but because it is not the all satisfying gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ. For some have opposed the prosperity gospel and yet still find their ultimate satisfaction in other stuff that equally replace God as their chief treasure. It could be your family, friends, work, sex, scoring points in a debate and many more that doesn't have anything to do with money, and still if you don't deny them in exchange for the surpassing worth of knowing Christ, you can't be his disciple. Don't just hate another gospels for their failed promises, hate it because they replace what can really satisfy, namely God. Paul learned contentment as he experienced both wealth and poverty, hunger and being well fed. There's nothing inherently wrong in being wealthy or poor or just well-off. The real issue is who do you rely on for strength to be content in whatever situations you are in. In verse 10 Paul told us the ultimate source of his strength for contentment. He said "I am able to do all things", or literally "all things I am able to do". Παντα is in the emphatic position that highlights the seeming impossibility of being content in all situations but because of the One who strengthens him, he is able to do it. This has nothing to do with climbing mountains, winning the basketball chapionship or even passing the exams. At best what it teaches us is not to look for our greatest satisfaction in climbing the highest mountain, nor in winning the greatest basketball league, with the greatest team, as the most valuable player, nor in passing the exams, but in Christ. So Paul rejoices in the Lord in all things because of Christ. Accroding to Warren Wiersbe, "Paul was never the victim of circumstances; he had learned by experience the secret of peace: "I can do all things through Christ who energizes me!" The J. B. Phillips translation says, "I am ready for anything through the strength of the One who lives in me" ( (v. 13), ph). Turn back to (Phil. 2:12-13) and you will see that God cannot work through us until first He works in us; He works in us through His Word (1 Thes. 2:13), through prayer by the Spirit (Eph. 2:14ff), and sometimes through suffering (1 Peter 5:10). If we depend on our own power, we will fail; but if we depend on His strength, we can do all things through Him. This explains why Paul could rejoice even in prison: he had learned the secret of the secure mind through the power of God." He's not saying that he rejoices because his desire for their material gifts was satisfied(verse 17-29) Second, he's not saying this things because of the Philippians' gifts. He said in verse 17 "I do not say this because I am seeking a gift". This is almost the same as the first one except that it deals not only with his private, personal satisfaction, namely finding satisfaction in God, but horizontally finding interest in the future satisfaction of others that results in more glory to God. He said "I am not seeking a gift. Rather, I seek the credit that abounds to your account." He already said it from the previous chapters that they are his crown and joy. His joy was their progress and joy of faith. But in what sense is it an abounding credit for their account? Paul explained in verses 18-19. Their sacrifices to support Paul and the gospel ministry won't go unnoticed. It will be a fragrant offering, an acceptable sacrifice, and pleasing to God, and so his God, Paul said, will supply their every need according to His glorious riches in Christ Jesus. Yes the same God who sustained Paul's strength in times of need. “I have showed you all things how that so labouring ye ought to support the weak, and to remember the words of the Lord Jesus, how he said, It is more blessed to give than to receive” (Ac. 20:35). “And let us not be weary in well doing: for in due season we shall reap, if we faint not. As we have therefore opportunity, let us do good unto all men, especially unto them who are of the household of faith” (Ga. 6:9-10). “But lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust doth corrupt, and where thieves do not break through nor steal” (Mt. 6:20). “Jesus said unto him, If thou wilt be perfect, go and sell that thou hast, and give to the poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven: and come and follow me” (Mt. 19:21). “Sell that ye have, and give alms; provide yourselves bags which wax not old, a treasure in the heavens that faileth not, where no thief approacheth, neither moth corrupteth” (Lu. 12:33). “Who shall not receive manifold more in this present time, and in the world to come life everlasting” (Lu. 18:30). “And God is able to make all grace abound toward you; that ye, always having all sufficiency in all things, may abound to every good work” (2 Co. 9:8). “Give, and it shall be given unto you; good measure, pressed down, and shaken together, and running over, shall men give into your bosom. For with the same measure that ye mete withal it shall be measured to you again” (Lu. 6:38). “Now unto him that is able to do exceeding abundantly above all that we ask or think, according to the power that worketh in us” (Ep. 3:20). “But my God shall supply all your need according to his riches in glory by Christ Jesus” (Ph. 4:19). “And the grace of our Lord was exceeding abundant with faith and love which is in Christ Jesus” (1 Ti. 1:14). “Henceforth there is laid up for me a crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous judge, shall give me at that day: and not to me only, but unto all them also that love his appearing” (2 Ti. 4:8). “For so an entrance shall be ministered unto you abundantly into the everlasting kingdom of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ” (2 Pe. 1:11). “Fear thou not; For I am with thee: be not dismayed; for I am thy God: I will strengthen thee; yea, I will help thee; yea, I will uphold thee with the right hand of my righteousness” (Is. 41:10). How then God gets more glory? Now remember that the Philippian church was not that rich, and in sacrificing they rely more and more on God, and when more and more people rely on God, he gets even more glory. Verse 20 is the result of verse 19 "and so may glory be given to God our Father forever and ever, Amen." Paul rejoices in the fact that as many recognize their insufficiency and rely on God's sufficiency, God gets the glory and we get the joy. Therefore elders, deacons and those who aspire to be part of the gospel ministry through teaching, learn to be content in all circumstance. And for others, support them and share in their suffering joyfully because it will be credited to your account abundantly. By all of these, God will be glorified.
Disclaimer: The opinions and conclusions expressed on this page are those of the author and may or may not accord with the positions of Biblearc or Bethlehem College & Seminary.