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Christ, Better than the Angels
Hebrews 1
Shared March 13th, 2019; Updated March 21st, 2019
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Phrase
notes
Notes
I decided to revisit a phrasing I did on my own a while ago for Hebrews 1 after having learned more from this past weekend. I'm still getting familiar with the process, so any feedback would be great! I'm not too sure if I've used all the labels correctly, since it's something I haven't been used to adding, so please don't hesitate to point out to me if there are things there that aren't quite right. Thanks :) Sarah
Phrase
NT
Hebrews 1:1-14
kjv
esv
Communication of the Father
Long ago, at many times and in many ways, God spoke to our fathers by the prophets,
at sundry times
Time of 1e
and in divers manners
Manner of 1e
God,
Subject
in time past
Time of 1e
who ... ... spake ...
Past Action
unto the fathers
Recipient of 1e
by the prophets,
Agent of 1e
but in these last days he has spoken to us by his Son, whom he appointed the heir of all things, through whom also he created the world.
in these last days
Time of 2b
Hath ... spoken
Present Action
unto us
Recipient of 2b
by his Son,
Agent of 2b, Subject of Anchor
The Preeminence of the Son
whom he hath appointed heir
Action Towards 2d
of all things,
Clarifier
by whom also he made the worlds;
Action Towards 2d
He is the radiance of the glory of God and the exact imprint of his nature, and he upholds the universe by the word of his power. After making purification for sins, he sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high,
being the brightness of his glory,
Description of 2e
and the express image of his person,
Description of 2e
and upholding all things by the word of his power,
Description of 2e
by himself
when he had ... purged our sins,
Time of 3f
Who ... ... ... ... sat down
Anchor
on the right hand of the Majesty on high:
Location of 3f
Christ, Better than Angels
having become as much superior to angels as the name he has inherited is more excellent than theirs.
Being made so much
Ground of 3f
better than the angels,
by inheritance
Means of 4c
as he hath ... obtained a more excellent name than they.
Ground of 4a
For to which of the angels did God ever say, “You are my Son, today I have begotten you”? Or again, “I will be to him a father, and he shall be to me a son”?
For unto which of the angels said he at any time,
Ground of 4a
"Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee"?
Example of 5a
And again,
Addition
"I will be to him a Father, and he shall be to me a Son"?
Example of 5a
And again, when he brings the firstborn into the world, he says, “Let all God’s angels worship him.”
when he bringeth in the firstbegotten into the world,
And again, ... he saith,
"And let all the angels of God worship him."
Example of 5a
Of the angels he says, “He makes his angels winds, and his ministers a flame of fire.”
And of the angels he saith,
Ground of 4a
"Who maketh his angels spirits, and his ministers a flame of fire."
Example of 7a
But of the Son he says, “Your throne, O God, is forever and ever, the scepter of uprightness is the scepter of your kingdom.
But unto the Son he saith,
Ground of 4a
"Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever:
Example of 8a
a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of thy kingdom.
You have loved righteousness and hated wickedness; therefore God, your God, has anointed you with the oil of gladness beyond your companions.”
Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity;
Example of 8a
even thy God,
with the oil of gladness
Means of 9d
therefore
Result of 9a
God, ... hath anointed thee ...
above thy fellows."
And, “You, Lord, laid the foundation of the earth in the beginning, and the heavens are the work of your hands;
And,
Lord,
"Thou, ... in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the earth; and
Example of 8a
the heavens are the works of thine hands:
Example of 8a
they will perish, but you remain; they will all wear out like a garment,
They shall perish; but thou remainest;
Negative
and they all shall wax old as doth a garment;
Destination of 10d
like a robe you will roll them up, like a garment they will be changed. But you are the same, and your years will have no end.”
And as a vesture shalt thou fold them up,
Destination of 10d
and they shall be changed:
Destination of 10d
but thou art the same,
Positive
and thy years shall not fail."
And to which of the angels has he ever said, “Sit at my right hand until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet”?
But to which of the angels said he at any time,
Ground of 4a
"Sit on my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool"?
Example of 13a
Are they not all ministering spirits sent out to serve for the sake of those who are to inherit salvation?
Are they not all ministering spirits,
Distinction of 13a
sent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation?
Purpose of 13a
Psalm 2:7
2 Samuel 7:14
Psalm 97:7
Psalm 104:4
Psalm 45:6-7
Psalm 102:25-27
Psalm 110:1
phrasing
Comments
SteveBrand
Who ... ... ... when he had ... purged our sins,
Hi Sarah, Thanks for sharing your work. It inspired me to go back and take a look at Heb 1 again and try phrasing it. I really enjoyed thinking over the passage again.

Great idea to use dot notes to show the references being quoted in 1:4-14. I think I'll borrow that idea.

One suggestion about 1:3 is that the anchor phrase there is "Who... sat down." It is then clarified by three phrases telling us: 1. the TIME ("when he had purged our sins"); 2. the LOCATION ("on the right hand of the Majesty on high"); 3. and the GROUND ("Being made so much better than the angels..."). 
Sarah Richards
Right, that makes a lot of sense that since the main idea there in verse 3 is that Christ sat down on the right hand of God after he purged our sins which is why we're able to see that he is so much better than the angels. As ministering spirits, they would never obtain that position at the Father's right hand, which is seen again in verses 13-14. The way I initially laid it out makes it seem like a side point, when it actually is a main point for the purpose of the whole chapter. Thanks for giving your insight, this really helps me to see the chapter more clearly!
Christian Giesbrecht
That is a great passage to mediate on! Nice use of highlighting to bring out connections.

In regard to the labeling, I'm trying to understand how 1:b relates to 1:5a & 1:7a & 1:13 as a concessive? Perhaps you can put it in words so I can follow your thought process.
Christian Giesbrecht
*1:4b
Sarah Richards
Thanks for taking the time to look it over! Looking back at it again now, I can see how you are confused about my labeling of 1:5, 7, and 13 being concessive points. 

In all 3 of those points, I saw that they focused more on the angels rather than the Son, showing the ways in which they fall short in comparison through the use of quoted scripture. I noticed that they contrast with 1:8, which the writer uses to focus directly on the Son alone and His greatness, and I kind of wanted to distinguish them from the other 3 and maybe used the wrong term to do that! 

That's probably where my inexperience with using these terms comes in! I can see now that all of these points relate back to 1:4 to prove the same point that Christ is superior to the angels, so perhaps a different labeling would be more appropriate. Would you have any suggestions as to what could use instead?
Christian Giesbrecht
I'm sure you will pickup quick on those labeling terms and the use of them. I still use a printed paper of the cheat sheet (https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B13ERk99B5sDa2xTMWRrWV9xNXM/view) to go back for reference when it comes to that step. Those terms and their definitions are not the easiest!

As to my suggestions without picking your phrase apart:
I would follow the same pattern for 1:4 & 1:5 and 1:13 as you did for 1:4 &1:8.

1:4 and 1:5 - Ground. This is a bit tricky. Whenever you see a question, take note of what kind of question it is. In this case, it is a rhetorical question and could be re-phrased to a statement as: "Because at no time did he say to the angels:..." So the author is quoting scripture to argue that Christ is better than Angels, hence a ground statement. In other words, "1:4 Christ is so much better than the angels, 1:5 because to none of the angels did God say at any time..." 

Hope that helps!
Sarah Richards
I printed off a cheat sheet for myself, I'm sure it will be very useful! I see what you mean about how the rhetorical questions can be rephrased as a statement, that makes a lot of sense. I just interpreted it a bit backwards at first. Even though the writer uses a slightly different way of phrasing his point, he's still using it to state the same thing. Angels aren't worthy of the same honour and glory that Christ receives in the scriptures, and so we see Him exalted throughout with each of these quotations.

Thanks for your help!
Disclaimer: The opinions and conclusions expressed on this page are those of the author and may or may not accord with the positions of Biblearc or Bethlehem College & Seminary.