Author
Steven Long
Broken and healed; sinful and forgiven. His mercies are new every morning!
User since 2009
Steven's published pages
The gracious benefits we receive from the Father through the Son should cause us to praise Him with much laude!
1 Peter 1:3-5
Justification before God is clearly grounded in Christ's atoning work on the cross. When this is clearly portrayed, there is no confusion on
Galatians 3:1-9
Even in the prophets, we see the gospel clearly proclaimed. Take heart and know that even long ago God planned to save a people unto Himself
Hosea 2:16-20
Idolatry is an act of unfaithfulness to Yahweh. His purpose of His people is that they know Him in an intimate way, forsaking all others.
Hosea 2:16-20
Do not be discouraged when you sin. God's promise to be with His people is not hindered by your sin, as we learn from Jacob
Genesis 28:10-15
God's promise to keep you secure lies not in your ability to perform or not perform, but in His good word
Genesis 28:10-15
Jesus' incarnation was not simply to come as God in the flesh. It was to fulfill the atonement for His people and be crushed by God.
Isaiah 53:1-6
Worry & Anxiousness are the beginning signs of idolatry, even worry over our basic needs. Do you worry?
Matthew 6:25-34
Even our basic needs are no cause for anxiety. Jesus assures us that the Father will provide for His children from day to day
Matthew 6:25-34
What does believing and doubting have to do with prayer and receiving from God? EVERYTHING!
James 1:2-8
The believer's certainty is so sure that John stated it twice. God's love for His people is remarkable!
John 3:9-18
Humility is submitting to God, both in trials and in the Church
1 Peter 5:6-9
Paul's success in the gospel was due largely to the people's help. Do you stand behind those who minister to you?
Philippians 1:3-11
The resurrection gives a believer hope because he will be kept by a power greater than himself–God's own power.
1Peter 1:3-5
We receive everything of God "according to His great mercy." Everything hinges on this
1Peter 1:3-5
How do we fear God and love Him at the same time? The Psalmist has the answer
Psalms 147:10-11
Our salvation is the most precious thing we have. The prophets, apostles, and Holy Spirit all testify to it
1 Peter 1:10-12
The Incarnation of Christ is about more than just a manger. He is manifested for the joy of the world
1 John 1:1-5
Chaos is not always bad. God commands that we fully lean on Him. Israel's wanderings are a great example of good chaos.
Deuteronomy 8:1-5
A person who fancies their self religious but has no outward manifestation is one who is most deceived indeed.
James 1:26-27
Trials are only here for a little while; and then we are with Jesus. What a great comfort this should be to Christians!
1 Peter 1:1-9
God's holiness is fearful; His mercy is greater
Isaiah 6:1-7
Forget your checklist. Stop looking inside to find your justification and look to the cross for a clean conscience.
Galatians 3:1-7
God is the ultimate Blesser. We should focus less on our blessings and focus more on the Blesser Himself.
Ephesians 1:1-14
The goodness of God leads us to great philanthropic acts (good works) because He saved us from a life of sinful desires and attitudes.
Titus 3:1-8
Do you like stirring up trouble? Are you a person who likes to argue just for argument's sake? If so you may be in danger!
Titus 3:9-11
If you believe good works has nothing to do with Christianity, think again. Good works doesn't sanctify us but it proves our fruit.
Titus 3:12-15
Phrase.
Titus 3:1-8
Main point summary. Arc.
Ephesians 1:1-14
Arc.
Galatians 1:1-5
Arc.
1 Corinthians 2:6-9
It appears that the two main themes that flow out of this passage are: To His glorious praise.
Ephesians 1:3-9
  .
Ephesians 1:3-10
Inheritors of the Crown   Again, the glory of God and Christ are the central theme in this pass...
Ephesians 1:11-14
Context This section of Hebrews 11 deals specifically with the faith of Abraham.
Hebrews 11:8-19
  Note on 1c - One may ask why I consider 1c a concessive statement.
1 Peter 1:1-5
A Brief Synopsis 7a seems to be the ground for these four verses.
1 Peter 1:6-9
view all (38 total)
The Final Amen of Our Justification
Galatians 1:1-5
Grace and peace come to God's people because it was His will that His Son give Himself for us. Any other peace is non-lasting and cannot end
#Justification
#grace
Published January 2nd, 2021
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Phrase
Phrase (Greek-SBL)
Phrase
editing
NT
Galatians 1:1-5
mine
esv
Grace and peace come to God's people because it was His will that His Son give Himself for us. Any other peace is non-lasting and cannot endure.
Paul,
an apostle
Paul designated himself an apostle at the outset of this letter. The authority by which he writes, he soon demonstrates
Appositive
not from men
The two phrases that follow demonstrate this authority:
Negative (Source)
nor through man,
The phrase οὐκ ἀπʼ ἀνθρώπων (not from man) indicates the source of his calling. The denial is that he was not called as an apostle by man's will.
Negative (Agency)
but through Jesus Christ
Likewise, his denial οὐδὲ διʼ ἀνθρώπου (nor through man) is a denial of agency; that is, he was not sent by any man.
Positive (Agency)
and God the Father,
Now comes the affirmation of both his commissioning and his sending: ἀλλὰ διὰ Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ καὶ θεοῦ πατρς (but– an adversative conjunction– through Jesus Christ and God the Father.) This is a twofold witness of his apostleship which was required under Jewish law. Fitting, as he is writing to Gentiles wishing to become Jewish.
who raised him
from the dead
This is a God who raises people from the dead, as distinguished from the pagan gods who could do no such thing. The idea here is a complete separation from death along with all its consequences, not merely just in a physical sense but also spiritually.
Separation
and all the brothers
who are with me,
To the churches
Destination
of Galatia:
Grace ... and peace
to you
The Greek text varies a bit here from the ESV. Some Greek texts have our God and Father while others have our Lord Jesus Christ. Greek scholar, Phillip Comfort, states this about the variant: The NU editors adopted the WH NU reading because it accords with Paul’s usual style (cf. Rom 1:7; 1 Cor 1:3; 2 Cor 1:2; Eph 1:2; Phil 1:2; see TCGNT). However, it has to be noted that Paul did not always use the formula “God our Father and Lord Jesus Christ”; in three other instances, Paul wrote “God the Father and our Lord Jesus Christ” (Eph 1:3; 2 Tim 1:2; Titus 1:4). Thus, the textual decision here should not be made on the basis of Pauline style. Documentation, both early and diverse, supports the first variant [God our Father...].
Advantage
from God our Father
Even though the Greek here is not a true relative pronoun, but rather a pronominal article, I decided to treat it as relative based upon the English translation. The same is true for v. 1g.
Agency
and the Lord Jesus Christ,
who gave himself
Paul now states three ways in which Christ gave Himself for us:
for our sins
1. For, or on behalf of our sins. The preposition here indicates substitution.
Substitution
to deliver us
2. For the purpose of deliverance. This deliverance is specific: the present evil age. The reality of that time, much like ours today, was an evil one.
Purpose
from the present evil age,
(3) This is all done according to the standard of God's own will. It is this will that Paul ascribes glory to the end of the ages.
according to the will
Standard
of our God
Subjective
and Father,
Relationship
to whom be the glory
forever
Temporal
and ever.
Explanation
Παῦλος ἀπόστολος, οὐκ ἀπ’ ἀνθρώπων οὐδὲ δι’ ἀνθρώπου ἀλλὰ διὰ Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ καὶ θεοῦ πατρὸς τοῦ ἐγείραντος αὐτὸν ἐκ νεκρῶν,
καὶ οἱ σὺν ἐμοὶ πάντες ἀδελφοί, ταῖς ἐκκλησίαις τῆς Γαλατίας·
χάρις ὑμῖν καὶ εἰρήνη ἀπὸ θεοῦ πατρὸς καὶ κυρίου ἡμῶν Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ,
τοῦ δόντος ἑαυτὸν ὑπὲρ τῶν ἁμαρτιῶν ἡμῶν ὅπως ἐξέληται ἡμᾶς ἐκ τοῦ αἰῶνος τοῦ ἐνεστῶτος πονηροῦ κατὰ τὸ θέλημα τοῦ θεοῦ καὶ πατρὸς ἡμῶν,
ᾧ ἡ δόξα εἰς τοὺς αἰῶνας τῶν αἰώνων· ἀμήν.
phrasing
Phrase (Greek-SBL)
Galatians 1:1-5
sbl
Παῦλος
ἀπόστολος,
Apposition
οὐκ ἀπ’ ἀνθρώπων
Negative (Source)
οὐδὲ δι’ ἀνθρώπου
Negative (Agency)
ἀλλὰ διὰ Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ
Positive (Agency)
καὶ θεοῦ πατρὸς
τοῦ ἐγείραντος αὐτὸν
ἐκ νεκρῶν,
καὶ ... πάντες ἀδελφοί,
οἱ σὺν ἐμοὶ
ταῖς ἐκκλησίαις
τῆς Γαλατίας·
χάρις ... καὶ εἰρήνη
ὑμῖν
ἀπὸ θεοῦ πατρὸς
Agency #1
καὶ κυρίου ... Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ,
Agency #2
ἡμῶν
τοῦ δόντος ἑαυτὸν
ὑπὲρ τῶν ἁμαρτιῶν ἡμῶν
ὅπως ἐξέληται ἡμᾶς
ἐκ τοῦ αἰῶνος
τοῦ ἐνεστῶτος πονηροῦ
κατὰ τὸ θέλημα
τοῦ θεοῦ
καὶ πατρὸς
ἡμῶν,
ᾧ ἡ δόξα
εἰς τοὺς αἰῶνας
τῶν αἰώνων·
ἀμήν.
Παῦλος ἀπόστολος, οὐκ ἀπ’ ἀνθρώπων οὐδὲ δι’ ἀνθρώπου ἀλλὰ διὰ Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ καὶ θεοῦ πατρὸς τοῦ ἐγείραντος αὐτὸν ἐκ νεκρῶν,
καὶ οἱ σὺν ἐμοὶ πάντες ἀδελφοί, ταῖς ἐκκλησίαις τῆς Γαλατίας·
χάρις ὑμῖν καὶ εἰρήνη ἀπὸ θεοῦ πατρὸς καὶ κυρίου ἡμῶν Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ,
τοῦ δόντος ἑαυτὸν ὑπὲρ τῶν ἁμαρτιῶν ἡμῶν ὅπως ἐξέληται ἡμᾶς ἐκ τοῦ αἰῶνος τοῦ ἐνεστῶτος πονηροῦ κατὰ τὸ θέλημα τοῦ θεοῦ καὶ πατρὸς ἡμῶν,
ᾧ ἡ δόξα εἰς τοὺς αἰῶνας τῶν αἰώνων· ἀμήν.
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Disclaimer: The opinions and conclusions expressed on this page are those of the author and may or may not accord with the positions of Biblearc or Bethlehem College & Seminary.