Characteristics of the New Man
The Christ-centeredness of these calls to submission and instructions to the ones in authority are radical.
Published March 13th, 2017
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What follows are a series of specific examples of putting all the characteristics of the new man (3:10ff) and doing everything in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ (17). He addresses three corresponding relationships in the typical household of Paul's day: wives and husbands (18-19), children and parents with a special focus on the father (20-21). In the next unit (3:22-4:1) he will address slaves and masters. It is not surprising that he would call the wives, children and slaves to submit to the authorities in their lives. However, the Christ-centeredness of their submission transforms everything (18b, 20a, and throughout verses 22-24). What is equally radical is his instructions to the ones in authority. With these qualifications the relationships must never be abusive.
Αἱ γυναῖκες, ὑποτάσσεσθε τοῖς ἀνδράσιν
Wives, submit to your husbands,
ὡς ἀνῆκεν ἐν κυρίῳ.
as is fitting in the Lord.
Οἱ ἄνδρες, ἀγαπᾶτε τὰς γυναῖκας
( and ) husbands, love your wives,
καὶ μὴ πικραίνεσθε πρὸς αὐτάς,
and do not be harsh with them.
Τὰ τέκνα, ὑπακούετε τοῖς γονεῦσιν κατὰ πάντα,
( and ) children, obey your parents in everything,
τοῦτο γὰρ εὐάρεστόν ἐστιν ἐν κυρίῳ.
for this pleases the Lord.
Οἱ πατέρες, μὴ ἐρεθίζετε τὰ τέκνα ὑμῶν,
( and ) fathers, do not provoke your children,
ἵνα μὴ ἀθυμῶσιν.
lest they become discouraged.