Παῦλος καὶ Τιμόθεος δοῦλοι Χριστοῦ Ἰησοῦ πᾶσιν τοῖς ἁγίοις ἐν Χριστῷ Ἰησοῦ τοῖς οὖσιν ἐν Φιλίπποις σὺν ἐπισκόποις καὶ διακόνοις, χάρις ὑμῖν καὶ εἰρήνη ἀπὸ θεοῦ πατρὸς ἡμῶν καὶ κυρίου Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ.
Paul and Timothy, servants of Christ Jesus, To all the saints in Christ Jesus who are at Philippi, with the overseers and deacons: Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.
Εὐχαριστῶ τῷ θεῷ μου
I thank my God
ἐπὶ πάσῃ τῇ μνείᾳ ὑμῶν
in all my remembrance of you,
πάντοτε ἐν πάσῃ δεήσει μου ὑπὲρ πάντων ὑμῶν, μετὰ χαρᾶς τὴν δέησιν ποιούμενος,
always in every prayer of mine for you all making my prayer with joy,
ἐπὶ τῇ κοινωνίᾳ ὑμῶν εἰς τὸ εὐαγγέλιον ἀπὸ τῆς πρώτης ἡμέρας ἄχρι τοῦ νῦν,
because of your partnership in the gospel from the first day until now.
πεποιθὼς αὐτὸ τοῦτο,
And I am sure of this,
ὅτι ὁ ἐναρξάμενος ἐν ὑμῖν ἔργον ἀγαθὸν ἐπιτελέσει ἄχρι ἡμέρας Χριστοῦ Ἰησοῦ•
that he who began a good work in you will bring it to completion at the day of Jesus Christ.
Καθώς ἐστιν δίκαιον ἐμοὶ τοῦτο φρονεῖν ὑπὲρ πάντων ὑμῶν
It is right for me to feel this way about you all,
διὰ τὸ ἔχειν με ἐν τῇ καρδίᾳ ὑμᾶς,
because I hold you in my heart,
ἔν τε τοῖς δεσμοῖς μου καὶ ἐν τῇ ἀπολογίᾳ καὶ
for you are all partakers with me of grace,
βεβαιώσει τοῦ εὐαγγελίου συγκοινωνούς μου τῆς χάριτος πάντας ὑμᾶς ὄντας.
both in my imprisonment and in the defense and confirmation of the gospel.
μάρτυς γάρ μου ὁ θεὸς ὡς ἐπιποθῶ πάντας ὑμᾶς ἐν σπλάγχνοις Χριστοῦ Ἰησοῦ.
For God is my witness, how I yearn for you all with the affection of Christ Jesus.
Καὶ τοῦτο προσεύχομαι,
And it is my prayer
ἵνα ἡ ἀγάπη ὑμῶν ἔτι μᾶλλον καὶ μᾶλλον περισσεύῃ
that your love may abound more and more,
ἐν ἐπιγνώσει καὶ πάσῃ αἰσθήσει
with knowledge and all discernment,
εἰς τὸ δοκιμάζειν ὑμᾶς τὰ διαφέροντα,
so that you may approve what is excellent,
ἵνα ἦτε εἰλικρινεῖς καὶ ἀπρόσκοποι εἰς ἡμέραν Χριστοῦ,
and so be pure and blameless for the day of Christ,
πεπληρωμένοι καρπὸν δικαιοσύνης
the fruit of righteousness
τὸν διὰ Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ
that comes through Jesus Christ,
εἰς δόξαν καὶ ἔπαινον θεοῦ.
to the glory and praise of God.
The Authors of the Letters to the Recipients: This is a crucial in understanding Paul's intent in writing to the Philippians. Paul is writing to the specific church of philippi, as he names the 2 explicit offices in the church: overseer and deacon. Understanding that Paul's intended audience was a specific church that understood themselves to be of that church colors our understanding of the passage.
The ground here shows that the ultitmate aim in praying for the Philippian saints what they would abound in love all the more, and thereby approving what is excellent, be pure and blameless for the day of Christ, filled with the fruit of righeouseness, all to the praise and glory of God.
#1 Paul is writing to a church (V. 1) . In verse 1, Paul writes to the “saints” who are at Philippi, and then you have the “overseers” and “deacons.” We tend to think gloss over the importance of audience when we talk about the letters of the New Testament. Many if not most of the letters in the NT are written to a particular person (Timothy, Philemon) that do have are relevant and applicable to us today.
#3 The Church is invincible (v 6). Why does he believe this? Because, according to verse 6, “he who began a good work in you will bring it to completion at the day of Jesus Christ.” It is God who has begun this work in the Philippians, and what God sets out to do, he does. No one can keep him from accomplishing his work. Paul is able to sit in a Roman jail cell and realize that not only is God not hindered in his work of advancing his kingdom, but it is in his very imprisonment that Paul is seeing the advancing of the Gospel.
# 2 The church are those who are in “partnership” with Paul (v. 7). Verse 7 reads “It is right for me to feel this way about you all, because I hold you kin my heart, for you are all partakers with me of grace, both in my imprisonment and in the defense and confirmation of the gospel.” This word for partnership here is part of the same word family in the original language with “partnership” in v 5. Paul is thankful for these Philippians because they are partners, fellow partakers in not just belief in the Gospel, but in working in spreading the Gospel. Did you catch that, Paul understands those partnering with him in Gospel work as one who believe the Gospel, and do work to defend, confirm, and spread the Gospel.
#4 The End of the Church is God’s glory (v. 9) Paul’s concern is that the church be pure and blameless for the day of christ, so that they would ultimately give “the glory and praise of God.” v.9 Paul prays that the love of the Philippians would abound in love (how?)with knowledge and discernment (why?)So that you may approve what is excellent (why?)and so be pure and blameless for the day of Christfilled with the fruit of righteousness that comes through Jesus Christ.