The Old Testament has been confirmed in Jesus [draft sermon outline]
Published October 14th, 2020
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2 Peter 1:19-21
19 And g we have the prophetic word more fully confirmed, to which you will do well to pay attention h as to a lamp shining in a dark place, until i the day j dawns and the morning star rises in your hearts, 20 knowing this first of all, that no prophecy of Scripture comes from someone’s own interpretation. 21 For k no prophecy was ever produced by the will of man, but men spoke from God l as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit.
2 Peter 1:19-21
19 καὶ ἔχομεν βεβαιότερον τὸν προφητικὸν λόγον, ᾧ καλῶς ποιεῖτε προσέχοντες ὡς λύχνῳ φαίνοντι ἐν αὐχμηρῷ τόπῳ, ἕως οὗ ἡμέρα διαυγάσῃ καὶ φωσφόρος ἀνατείλῃ ἐν ταῖς καρδίαις ὑμῶν, 20 τοῦτο πρῶτον γινώσκοντες ὅτι πᾶσα προφητεία γραφῆς ἰδίας ἐπιλύσεως οὐ γίνεται• 21 οὐ γὰρ θελήματι ἀνθρώπου ἠνέχθη προφητεία ποτέ, ἀλλʼ ὑπὸ πνεύματος ἁγίου φερόμενοι ἐλάλησαν ἀπὸ θεοῦ ἄνθρωποι.
The Old Testament has been confirmed in Jesus Intro : We need a true word. The problem of true knowledge; absolute knowledge must be somewhere, for true knowledge to be anywhere (problem of induction). New Testament (apostolic eyewitness), last week; OT this week. They are both Scriptures, 3.15-16 ; both originate with God, same authority, same focus on the Son. All of this doctrine of Scripture foundation building is to prepare to address false teaching head on, next week. 1. Pay attention to the firm foundation of the Old Testament (v19) v19 prophetic word more fully confirmed. M ore fully confirmed - i.e., through the fulfilment in Jesus. Scribe trained for the kingdom brings out treasures old and new. The OT was always reliably pointing to Jesus. So pay attention to it. Lamp shining in dark place; day dawns and morning star; sense of, this is passing away and giving way to glorious day. Revelation 22.16 Jesus is the bright morning star In preaching all the OT we see more of Jesus' glory. We see more of his glory in the NT through understanding more of the OT. [Examples of each] Concealed/revealed. Latent/patent. 2. Scripture comes from God, not man (v20-21) Confidence in the OT since it is God's words; not from someone's own interpretation; not from the will of man - the OT didn't originate from man but from God, and thus has divine authority. 'Ultimately, the interpretation of prophecy comes not from the human OT prophet but from the message of the Father about the Son by the Spirit through human apostles in the NT.' Spoke from God; carried along by the Holy Spirit; bring, bear, carry what does this mean? 'Superintendence?' It doesn't necessarily mean 'oracle' or 'dictated'. The Spirit works through Luke's research, for instance. And through Paul's grammar. And David's poems. Infallible? Inerrant? Incorrigible? cf distinct from NT prophecy and the 'gift' of prophecy. Brief recap. God's glory: He speaks, initiates, promises, doesn't leave us in the dark. He condescends to speak with and through men. Yet making those words flawless. FCF: We doubt the Word of God. Limit it, dismiss it, redefine it, add to it. Spiritualise it away. Person of Jesus: Comes making the Word fully confirmed. Saying it cannot be broken. He himself is the very Word of the Father. Work of Jesus: In his death, brings to completion the Words of God in curse and judgement, so that the promise could stand fully established. So that through his darkness, the morning star of day could dawn in our hearts. Union with Jesus: at his return, the morning star will rise in our hearts. In him I can have complete confidence in both NT and OT. His person and his work are always a present reality through his ascension. Grace and truth to me through Jesus, always and forever. All the Words of God are yes and amen to me through him. There's a promises for each of us, for today. Invitation . Live on solid ground, build life on the rock not the sand. Confrontation . Stop doubting, dismissing, limiting, expanding the word of God. Consolation . Day is coming, and we know for sure since the tomb is empty. Wrap up: The Old Testament has been 'fully confirmed' in Jesus, so pay attention to it!