God Blesses and Renames Jacob 35 1 God said to Jacob, “Arise, go up to b Bethel and dwell there. Make an altar there to the God who appeared to you c when you fled from your brother Esau.” 2 So Jacob said to his d household and to all who were with him, “Put away e the foreign gods that are among you and f purify yourselves and change your garments. 3 Then let us arise and go up to Bethel, so that I may make there an altar to the God g who answers me in the day of my distress and h has been with me wherever I have gone.” 4 So they gave to Jacob all the foreign gods that they had, and the rings that were in their ears. Jacob hid them under i the terebinth tree that was near Shechem. 5 And as they journeyed, a terror from God fell upon the cities that were around them, so that they did not pursue the sons of Jacob. 6 And Jacob came to j Luz (that is, Bethel), which is in the land of Canaan, he and all the people who were with him, 7 and there he built an altar and called the place El-bethel, 1 because k there God had revealed himself to him when he fled from his brother. 8 And l Deborah, Rebekah’s nurse, died, and she was buried under an oak below Bethel. So he called its name Allon-bacuth. 1 9 God appeared 1 to Jacob again, when he came from Paddan-aram, and blessed him. 10 And God said to him, “Your name is Jacob; m no longer shall your name be called Jacob, but n Israel shall be your name.” So he called his name Israel. 11 And God said to him, o “I am God Almighty: 1 be p fruitful and multiply. q A nation and a company of nations shall come from you, and kings shall come from your own body. 2 12 r The land that I gave to Abraham and Isaac I will give to you, and I will give the land to your offspring after you.” 13 Then God s went up from him in the place where he had spoken with him. 14 And Jacob t set up a pillar in the place where he had spoken with him, a pillar of stone. He poured out a drink offering on it and poured oil on it. 15 So Jacob called the name of the place where God had spoken with him u Bethel. The Deaths of Rachel and Isaac 16 Then they journeyed from Bethel. When they were still some distance 1 from Ephrath, Rachel went into labor, and she had hard labor. 17 And when her labor was at its hardest, the midwife said to her, “Do not fear, for v you have another son.” 18 And as her soul was departing (for she was dying), she called his name Ben-oni; 1 w but his father called him Benjamin. 2 19 So x Rachel died, and she was buried on the way to y Ephrath (that is, Bethlehem), 20 and Jacob set up a pillar over her tomb. It is z the pillar of Rachel’s tomb, which is there to this day. 21 Israel journeyed on and pitched his tent beyond the tower of Eder. 22 While Israel lived in that land, Reuben went and a lay with Bilhah his father’s concubine. And Israel heard of it. Now the sons of Jacob were twelve. 23 The sons of Leah: b Reuben (Jacob’s firstborn), Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, and Zebulun. 24 The sons of Rachel: Joseph and Benjamin. 25 The sons of Bilhah, Rachel’s servant: Dan and Naphtali. 26 The sons of Zilpah, Leah’s servant: Gad and Asher. These were the sons of Jacob who were born to him in Paddan-aram. 27 And Jacob came to his father Isaac at c Mamre, or d Kiriath-arba (that is, Hebron), where Abraham and Isaac had sojourned. 28 Now the days of Isaac were 180 years. 29 And Isaac breathed his last, and he died e and was gathered to his people, old and full of days. And f his sons Esau and Jacob buried him.
35 1 וַיֹּ֤אמֶר אֱלֹהִים֙ אֶֽל ־ יַעֲקֹ֔ב ק֛וּם עֲלֵ֥ה בֵֽית ־ אֵ֖ל וְשֶׁב ־ שָׁ֑ם וַעֲשֵׂה ־ שָׁ֣ם מִזְבֵּ֔חַ לָאֵל֙ הַנִּרְאֶ֣ה אֵלֶ֔יךָ בְּבָרְחֲךָ֔ 1 מִפְּנֵ֖י עֵשָׂ֥ו אָחִֽיךָ ׃ 2 וַיֹּ֤אמֶר יַעֲקֹב֙ אֶל ־ בֵּית֔וֹ וְאֶ֖ל כָּל ־ אֲשֶׁ֣ר עִמּ֑וֹ הָסִ֜רוּ אֶת ־ אֱלֹהֵ֤י הַנֵּכָר֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר בְּתֹכְכֶ֔ם וְהִֽטַּהֲר֔וּ וְהַחֲלִ֖יפוּ שִׂמְלֹתֵיכֶֽם ׃ 3 וְנָק֥וּמָה וְנַעֲלֶ֖ה בֵּֽית ־ אֵ֑ל וְאֶֽעֱשֶׂה ־ שָּׁ֣ם מִזְבֵּ֗חַ לָאֵ֞ל הָעֹנֶ֤ה אֹתִי֙ בְּי֣וֹם צָֽרָתִ֔י וַיְהִי֙ עִמָּדִ֔י בַּדֶּ֖רֶךְ אֲשֶׁ֥ר הָלָֽכְתִּי ׃ 4 וַיִּתְּנ֣וּ אֶֽל ־ יַעֲקֹ֗ב אֵ֣ת כָּל ־ אֱלֹהֵ֤י הַנֵּכָר֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר בְּיָדָ֔ם וְאֶת ־ הַנְּזָמִ֖ים אֲשֶׁ֣ר בְּאָזְנֵיהֶ֑ם וַיִּטְמֹ֤ן אֹתָם֙ יַעֲקֹ֔ב תַּ֥חַת הָאֵלָ֖ה אֲשֶׁ֥ר עִם ־ שְׁכֶֽם ׃ 5 וַיִּסָּ֑עוּ וַיְהִ֣י ׀ חִתַּ֣ת אֱלֹהִ֗ים עַל ־ הֶֽעָרִים֙ אֲשֶׁר֙ סְבִיבֹ֣תֵיהֶ֔ם וְלֹ֣א רָֽדְפ֔וּ אַחֲרֵ֖י בְּנֵ֥י יַעֲקֹֽב ׃ 6 וַיָּבֹ֨א יַעֲקֹ֜ב ל֗וּזָה אֲשֶׁר֙ בְּאֶ֣רֶץ כְּנַ֔עַן הִ֖וא בֵּֽית ־ אֵ֑ל ה֖וּא וְכָל ־ הָעָ֥ם אֲשֶׁר ־ עִמּֽוֹ ׃ 7 וַיִּ֤בֶן שָׁם֙ מִזְבֵּ֔חַ וַיִּקְרָא֙ לַמָּק֔וֹם אֵ֖ל בֵּֽית ־ אֵ֑ל כִּ֣י שָׁ֗ם נִגְל֤וּ אֵלָיו֙ הָֽאֱלֹהִ֔ים בְּבָרְח֖וֹ מִפְּנֵ֥י אָחִֽיו ׃ 8 וַתָּ֤מָת דְּבֹרָה֙ מֵינֶ֣קֶת רִבְקָ֔ה וַתִּקָּבֵ֛ר מִתַּ֥חַת לְבֵֽית ־ אֵ֖ל תַּ֣חַת הָֽאַלּ֑וֹן וַיִּקְרָ֥א שְׁמ֖וֹ אַלּ֥וֹן בָּכֽוּת ׃ פ 9 וַיֵּרָ֨א אֱלֹהִ֤ים אֶֽל ־ יַעֲקֹב֙ ע֔וֹד בְּבֹא֖וֹ מִפַּדַּ֣ן אֲרָ֑ם וַיְבָ֖רֶךְ אֹתֽוֹ ׃ 10 וַיֹּֽאמֶר ־ ל֥וֹ אֱלֹהִ֖ים שִׁמְךָ֣ יַעֲקֹ֑ב לֹֽא ־ יִקָּרֵא֩ שִׁמְךָ֨ 1 ע֜וֹד יַעֲקֹ֗ב כִּ֤י אִם ־ יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ יִהְיֶ֣ה שְׁמֶ֔ךָ וַיִּקְרָ֥א אֶת ־ שְׁמ֖וֹ יִשְׂרָאֵֽל ׃ 11 וַיֹּאמֶר֩ ל֨וֹ אֱלֹהִ֜ים אֲנִ֨י אֵ֤ל שַׁדַּי֙ פְּרֵ֣ה וּרְבֵ֔ה גּ֛וֹי וּקְהַ֥ל גּוֹיִ֖ם יִהְיֶ֣ה מִמֶּ֑ךָּ וּמְלָכִ֖ים מֵחֲלָצֶ֥יךָ יֵצֵֽאוּ ׃ 12 וְאֶת ־ הָאָ֗רֶץ אֲשֶׁ֥ר נָתַ֛תִּי לְאַבְרָהָ֥ם וּלְיִצְחָ֖ק לְךָ֣ אֶתְּנֶ֑נָּה וּֽלְזַרְעֲךָ֥ אַחֲרֶ֖יךָ אֶתֵּ֥ן אֶת ־ הָאָֽרֶץ ׃ 13 וַיַּ֥עַל מֵעָלָ֖יו אֱלֹהִ֑ים בַּמָּק֖וֹם אֲשֶׁר ־ דִּבֶּ֥ר אִתּֽוֹ ׃ 14 וַיַּצֵּ֨ב יַעֲקֹ֜ב מַצֵּבָ֗ה בַּמָּק֛וֹם אֲשֶׁר ־ דִּבֶּ֥ר אִתּ֖וֹ מַצֶּ֣בֶת אָ֑בֶן וַיַּסֵּ֤ךְ עָלֶ֙יהָ֙ נֶ֔סֶךְ וַיִּצֹ֥ק עָלֶ֖יהָ שָֽׁמֶן ׃ 15 וַיִּקְרָ֨א יַעֲקֹ֜ב אֶת ־ שֵׁ֣ם הַמָּק֗וֹם אֲשֶׁר֩ דִּבֶּ֨ר אִתּ֥וֹ שָׁ֛ם אֱלֹהִ֖ים בֵּֽית ־ אֵֽל ׃ 16 וַיִּסְעוּ֙ מִבֵּ֣ית אֵ֔ל וַֽיְהִי ־ ע֥וֹד כִּבְרַת ־ הָאָ֖רֶץ לָב֣וֹא אֶפְרָ֑תָה וַתֵּ֥לֶד רָחֵ֖ל וַתְּקַ֥שׁ בְּלִדְתָּֽהּ ׃ 17 וַיְהִ֥י בְהַקְשֹׁתָ֖הּ בְּלִדְתָּ֑הּ וַתֹּ֨אמֶר לָ֤הּ הַמְיַלֶּ֙דֶת֙ אַל ־ תִּ֣ירְאִ֔י כִּֽי ־ גַם ־ זֶ֥ה לָ֖ךְ בֵּֽן ׃ 18 וַיְהִ֞י בְּצֵ֤את נַפְשָׁהּ֙ כִּ֣י מֵ֔תָה וַתִּקְרָ֥א שְׁמ֖וֹ בֶּן ־ אוֹנִ֑י וְאָבִ֖יו קָֽרָא ־ ל֥וֹ בִנְיָמִֽין ׃ 19 וַתָּ֖מָת רָחֵ֑ל וַתִּקָּבֵר֙ בְּדֶ֣רֶךְ אֶפְרָ֔תָה הִ֖וא בֵּ֥ית לָֽחֶם ׃ 20 וַיַּצֵּ֧ב יַעֲקֹ֛ב מַצֵּבָ֖ה עַל ־ קְבֻרָתָ֑הּ הִ֛וא מַצֶּ֥בֶת קְבֻֽרַת ־ רָחֵ֖ל 1 עַד ־ הַיּֽוֹם ׃ 21 וַיִּסַּ֖ע יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל וַיֵּ֣ט אָֽהֳלֹ֔ה 1 מֵהָ֖לְאָה לְמִגְדַּל ־ עֵֽדֶר ׃ 22 וַיְהִ֗י בִּשְׁכֹּ֤ן יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ בָּאָ֣רֶץ הַהִ֔וא וַיֵּ֣לֶךְ רְאוּבֵ֔ן וַיִּשְׁכַּב֙ 1 אֶת ־ בִּלְהָה֙ 2 פִּילֶ֣גֶשׁ אָבִ֔יו 3 וַיִּשְׁמַ֖ע יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל 4 פ וַיִּֽהְי֥וּ בְנֵֽי ־ יַעֲקֹ֖ב שְׁנֵ֥ים עָשָֽׂר ׃ 23 בְּנֵ֣י לֵאָ֔ה בְּכ֥וֹר יַעֲקֹ֖ב רְאוּבֵ֑ן וְשִׁמְעוֹן֙ וְלֵוִ֣י וִֽיהוּדָ֔ה וְיִשָּׂשכָ֖ר וּזְבוּלֻֽן ׃ 24 בְּנֵ֣י רָחֵ֔ל יוֹסֵ֖ף וּבִנְיָמִֽן ׃ 25 וּבְנֵ֤י בִלְהָה֙ שִׁפְחַ֣ת רָחֵ֔ל דָּ֖ן וְנַפְתָּלִֽי ׃ 26 וּבְנֵ֥י זִלְפָּ֛ה שִׁפְחַ֥ת לֵאָ֖ה גָּ֣ד וְאָשֵׁ֑ר אֵ֚לֶּה בְּנֵ֣י יַעֲקֹ֔ב אֲשֶׁ֥ר יֻלַּד ־ ל֖וֹ בְּפַדַּ֥ן אֲרָֽם ׃ 27 וַיָּבֹ֤א יַעֲקֹב֙ אֶל ־ יִצְחָ֣ק אָבִ֔יו מַמְרֵ֖א קִרְיַ֣ת הָֽאַרְבַּ֑ע הִ֣וא חֶבְר֔וֹן אֲשֶׁר ־ גָּֽר ־ שָׁ֥ם אַבְרָהָ֖ם וְיִצְחָֽק ׃ 28 וַיִּֽהְי֖וּ יְמֵ֣י יִצְחָ֑ק מְאַ֥ת שָׁנָ֖ה וּשְׁמֹנִ֥ים שָׁנָֽה ׃ 29 וַיִּגְוַ֨ע יִצְחָ֤ק וַיָּ֙מָת֙ וַיֵּאָ֣סֶף אֶל ־ עַמָּ֔יו זָקֵ֖ן וּשְׂבַ֣ע יָמִ֑ים וַיִּקְבְּר֣וּ אֹת֔וֹ עֵשָׂ֥ו וְיַעֲקֹ֖ב בָּנָֽיו ׃ פ
One chapter is finished and another begins Intro Examples of closing one chapter and opening another. Definitive end of the old; puts away gods. Moves. Three deaths and burials of older generation. In Bethel. Birth of a new child. The move south, from Shechem to Hebron, retraces Abraham's steps. Jacob is the new Abraham as he moves this way with his flocks, and builds an altar. 'Seams' again in Genesis. End of the 'Isaac' section, before an Esau summary, before Joseph. 1. Jacob leads his household in turning back to God (v1-4) Finally, spiritual leadership in the place of passivity Repentance's fruits. v2 put away the false gods. From Laban and co? Plundered from Shechem? 'Buried' under the terebinth tree. v3 Confidence in God (rather than 'limping between two opinions') App. direction : putting away idols and the fruit of repentance. 2. God brings Jacob safely to Bethel and appears to him again (v5-15) v5 Terror from God guards them - God still with them to protect. Altar at Bethel; Bethel again. Altar, Eden again. cf Abraham. Pillar, drink offering. Priestly. Death of Deborah. Surprising that we don't read of Rebekah's death; Deborah's death here mentioned to mark the end of an era. Her presence in Jacob's camp gives the promise of return. v8 implication that therefore Rebekah had already died. Deborah would have been close to the boy she helped raise, Jacob. Oak of weeping. v9-13 God's kindness in repeating the name change and promise, despite all that has happened. The promises God makes; new name restated. S ignificance of v11-12 in Genesis; chapter 1, and then post flood, and then the patriarchs; and it's what Isaac says to Jacob when he leaves. God's self-identification as El Shaddai points back to 17.1 with Abraham. Yet also Genesis 28.2-3 . Drink offering. cf Why does Paul make such a big deal of his life as a drink offering. App. direction: How 'fruitful and multiply' applies to us through Jesus. How drink offerings apply. 3. Rachel dies and Benjamin is born (v16-21) His beloved. 'Son of sorrow' becomes 'son of my right hand', and a mighty tribe. Buried in the land. App. direction: God's grace and power to turn loss and grief to fulness and shouts of joy, in his time. 4. Isaac dies, and we sense trouble ahead (22-29) v22 Reuben - misses the birthright (as do Simeon and Levi). An awful act to sleep with Rachel's servant, after Rachel has died. Plus it comes straight after God has re-re-named him Israel. A symbolic act of grasping after power? Israel...does nothing? Chronicles explains the favoured status of Joseph's sons (not Reuben). Double portion to him; 48.5-20 ; 1 Chronicles 5.1-2 ; Deuteronomy 21.15-17 v27 back to his dad. A blessed death for Isaac too. v29 Esau and Jacob like Ishmael and Isaac burying Abraham. List and then v29, leads to the formal end of the 'Isaac' section/toledot. Lack of integrity in the sons is troubling - watch this space (Judah, Joseph). Chronologically, Isaac lived 12 years beyond the sale of Joseph, meaning that he witnessed the pain Jacob experienced. God's glory : faithful to bring Jacob home, to stick with him, protect him, even after the terrible 'fall' of last week. And to restate the expanded promises. FCF : Reuben's pride; Inescapable death coming to all. The key choice: will the LORD be their God or not? Jacob has got to the definitive 'yes'. What about his sons? Person of Jesus: He's the true Son. The true seed of Abraham. Worshiping God in the land. Calling all of God's people to put away their idols and worship God in truth and purity. He's the priest who restores broken creatures and creation into relationship with God. Work of Jesus: He offers up himself. His suffering and death were the fulfilment of all the offerings - drink, burnt, peace, etc. His blood poured out, 'wasted'. His death is the death of death, the hope in every Christian burial. Union with Jesus: In Jesus, we choose to pour out our lives as drink offerings. We say to God, you are worth this. cf the lady who 'anoints' him for burial and is called 'beautiful'. cf Philippians 2 or 2 Tim 4. We don't give 'things', and 'give up things' - eg pouring out alcohol on the ground, no matter how pricey. You give yourself, you deny your self. Your pour yourself out. Wrap up: Definitive end of the old; puts away gods. Moves. Three deaths and burials of older generation. In Bethel. Birth of a new child. Trouble ahead, but God will yet be faithful. [For ref:] The sons of Reuben the firstborn of Israel (for he was the firstborn, but because he defiled his father’s couch, his birthright was given to the sons of Joseph the son of Israel, so that he could not be enrolled as the oldest son; 2 though Judah became strong among his brothers and a chief came from him, yet the birthright belonged to Joseph) ... 1 Chronicles 5:1-2 ESV