36 1 וְאֵ֛לֶּה תֹּלְד֥וֹת עֵשָׂ֖ו ה֥וּא אֱדֽוֹם ׃ 2 עֵשָׂ֛ו לָקַ֥ח אֶת ־ נָשָׁ֖יו מִבְּנ֣וֹת כְּנָ֑עַן אֶת ־ עָדָ֗ה בַּת ־ אֵילוֹן֙ הַֽחִתִּ֔י וְאֶת ־ אָהֳלִֽיבָמָה֙ בַּת ־ עֲנָ֔ה בַּת ־ צִבְע֖וֹן הַֽחִוִּֽי ׃ 3 וְאֶת ־ בָּשְׂמַ֥ת בַּת ־ יִשְׁמָעֵ֖אל אֲח֥וֹת נְבָיֽוֹת ׃ 4 וַתֵּ֧לֶד עָדָ֛ה לְעֵשָׂ֖ו אֶת ־ אֱלִיפָ֑ז וּבָ֣שְׂמַ֔ת יָלְדָ֖ה אֶת ־ רְעוּאֵֽל ׃ 5 וְאָהֳלִֽיבָמָה֙ יָֽלְדָ֔ה אֶת ־ יעיש 1 וְאֶת ־ יַעְלָ֖ם וְאֶת ־ קֹ֑רַח אֵ֚לֶּה בְּנֵ֣י עֵשָׂ֔ו אֲשֶׁ֥ר יֻלְּדוּ ־ ל֖וֹ בְּאֶ֥רֶץ כְּנָֽעַן ׃ 6 וַיִּקַּ֣ח עֵשָׂ֡ו אֶת ־ נָ֠שָׁיו וְאֶת ־ בָּנָ֣יו וְאֶת ־ בְּנֹתָיו֮ וְאֶת ־ כָּל ־ נַפְשׁ֣וֹת בֵּיתוֹ֒ וְאֶת ־ מִקְנֵ֣הוּ וְאֶת ־ כָּל ־ בְּהֶמְתּ֗וֹ וְאֵת֙ כָּל ־ קִנְיָנ֔וֹ אֲשֶׁ֥ר רָכַ֖שׁ בְּאֶ֣רֶץ כְּנָ֑עַן וַיֵּ֣לֶךְ אֶל ־ אֶ֔רֶץ מִפְּנֵ֖י יַעֲקֹ֥ב אָחִֽיו ׃ 7 כִּֽי ־ הָיָ֧ה רְכוּשָׁ֛ם רָ֖ב מִשֶּׁ֣בֶת יַחְדָּ֑ו וְלֹ֨א יָֽכְלָ֜ה אֶ֤רֶץ מְגֽוּרֵיהֶם֙ לָשֵׂ֣את אֹתָ֔ם מִפְּנֵ֖י מִקְנֵיהֶֽם ׃ 8 וַיֵּ֤שֶׁב עֵשָׂו֙ בְּהַ֣ר שֵׂעִ֔יר עֵשָׂ֖ו ה֥וּא אֱדֽוֹם ׃ 9 וְאֵ֛לֶּה תֹּלְד֥וֹת עֵשָׂ֖ו אֲבִ֣י אֱד֑וֹם בְּהַ֖ר שֵׂעִֽיר ׃ 10 אֵ֖לֶּה שְׁמ֣וֹת בְּנֵֽי ־ עֵשָׂ֑ו אֱלִיפַ֗ז בֶּן ־ עָדָה֙ אֵ֣שֶׁת עֵשָׂ֔ו רְעוּאֵ֕ל בֶּן ־ בָּשְׂמַ֖ת אֵ֥שֶׁת עֵשָֽׂו ׃ 11 וַיִּהְי֖וּ בְּנֵ֣י אֱלִיפָ֑ז תֵּימָ֣ן אוֹמָ֔ר צְפ֥וֹ וְגַעְתָּ֖ם וּקְנַֽז ׃ 12 וְתִמְנַ֣ע ׀ הָיְתָ֣ה פִילֶ֗גֶשׁ לֶֽאֱלִיפַז֙ בֶּן ־ עֵשָׂ֔ו וַתֵּ֥לֶד לֶאֱלִיפַ֖ז אֶת ־ עֲמָלֵ֑ק אֵ֕לֶּה בְּנֵ֥י עָדָ֖ה אֵ֥שֶׁת עֵשָֽׂו ׃ 13 וְאֵ֙לֶּה֙ בְּנֵ֣י רְעוּאֵ֔ל נַ֥חַת וָזֶ֖רַח שַׁמָּ֣ה וּמִזָּ֑ה אֵ֣לֶּ֣ה 1 הָי֔וּ בְּנֵ֥י בָשְׂמַ֖ת אֵ֥שֶׁת עֵשָֽׂו ׃ 14 וְאֵ֣לֶּה הָי֗וּ בְּנֵ֨י אָהֳלִיבָמָ֧ה בַת ־ עֲנָ֛ה בַּת ־ צִבְע֖וֹן אֵ֣שֶׁת עֵשָׂ֑ו וַתֵּ֣לֶד לְעֵשָׂ֔ו אֶת ־ יעיש 1 וְאֶת ־ יַעְלָ֖ם וְאֶת ־ קֹֽרַח ׃ 15 אֵ֖לֶּה אַלּוּפֵ֣י בְנֵֽי ־ עֵשָׂ֑ו בְּנֵ֤י אֱלִיפַז֙ בְּכ֣וֹר עֵשָׂ֔ו אַלּ֤וּף תֵּימָן֙ אַלּ֣וּף אוֹמָ֔ר אַלּ֥וּף צְפ֖וֹ אַלּ֥וּף קְנַֽז ׃ 16 אַלּֽוּף ־ קֹ֛רַח 1 אַלּ֥וּף גַּעְתָּ֖ם אַלּ֣וּף עֲמָלֵ֑ק אֵ֣לֶּה אַלּוּפֵ֤י אֱלִיפַז֙ בְּאֶ֣רֶץ אֱד֔וֹם אֵ֖לֶּה בְּנֵ֥י עָדָֽה ׃ 17 וְאֵ֗לֶּה בְּנֵ֤י רְעוּאֵל֙ בֶּן ־ עֵשָׂ֔ו אַלּ֥וּף נַ֙חַת֙ אַלּ֣וּף זֶ֔רַח אַלּ֥וּף שַׁמָּ֖ה אַלּ֣וּף מִזָּ֑ה אֵ֣לֶּה אַלּוּפֵ֤י רְעוּאֵל֙ בְּאֶ֣רֶץ אֱד֔וֹם אֵ֕לֶּה בְּנֵ֥י בָשְׂמַ֖ת אֵ֥שֶׁת עֵשָֽׂו ׃ 18 וְאֵ֗לֶּה בְּנֵ֤י אָהֳלִֽיבָמָה֙ אֵ֣שֶׁת עֵשָׂ֔ו אַלּ֥וּף יְע֛וּשׁ אַלּ֥וּף יַעְלָ֖ם אַלּ֣וּף קֹ֑רַח אֵ֣לֶּה אַלּוּפֵ֞י אָֽהֳלִיבָמָ֛ה בַּת ־ עֲנָ֖ה אֵ֥שֶׁת עֵשָֽׂו ׃ 19 אֵ֧לֶּה בְנֵי ־ עֵשָׂ֛ו וְאֵ֥לֶּה אַלּוּפֵיהֶ֖ם ה֥וּא אֱדֽוֹם ׃ ס 20 אֵ֤לֶּה בְנֵֽי ־ שֵׂעִיר֙ הַחֹרִ֔י 1 יֹשְׁבֵ֖י הָאָ֑רֶץ לוֹטָ֥ן וְשׁוֹבָ֖ל וְצִבְע֥וֹן וַעֲנָֽה ׃ 21 וְדִשׁ֥וֹן וְאֵ֖צֶר וְדִישָׁ֑ן אֵ֣לֶּה אַלּוּפֵ֧י הַחֹרִ֛י בְּנֵ֥י שֵׂעִ֖יר בְּאֶ֥רֶץ אֱדֽוֹם ׃ 22 וַיִּהְי֥וּ בְנֵי ־ לוֹטָ֖ן חֹרִ֣י וְהֵימָ֑ם וַאֲח֥וֹת לוֹטָ֖ן תִּמְנָֽע ׃ 23 וְאֵ֙לֶּה֙ בְּנֵ֣י שׁוֹבָ֔ל עַלְוָ֥ן וּמָנַ֖חַת וְעֵיבָ֑ל שְׁפ֖וֹ וְאוֹנָֽם ׃ 24 וְאֵ֥לֶּה בְנֵֽי ־ צִבְע֖וֹן וְאַיָּ֣ה 1 וַעֲנָ֑ה ה֣וּא עֲנָ֗ה אֲשֶׁ֨ר מָצָ֤א אֶת ־ הַיֵּמִם֙ בַּמִּדְבָּ֔ר בִּרְעֹת֥וֹ אֶת ־ הַחֲמֹרִ֖ים לְצִבְע֥וֹן אָבִֽיו ׃ 25 וְאֵ֥לֶּה בְנֵֽי ־ עֲנָ֖ה דִּשֹׁ֑ן וְאָהֳלִיבָמָ֖ה בַּת ־ עֲנָֽה ׃ 26 וְאֵ֖לֶּה בְּנֵ֣י דִישָׁ֑ן חֶמְדָּ֥ן וְאֶשְׁבָּ֖ן וְיִתְרָ֥ן וּכְרָֽן ׃ 27 אֵ֖לֶּה בְּנֵי ־ אֵ֑צֶר בִּלְהָ֥ן וְזַעֲוָ֖ן וַעֲקָֽן ׃ 28 אֵ֥לֶּה בְנֵֽי ־ דִישָׁ֖ן ע֥וּץ וַאֲרָֽן ׃ 29 אֵ֖לֶּה אַלּוּפֵ֣י הַחֹרִ֑י אַלּ֤וּף לוֹטָן֙ אַלּ֣וּף שׁוֹבָ֔ל אַלּ֥וּף צִבְע֖וֹן אַלּ֥וּף עֲנָֽה ׃ 30 אַלּ֥וּף דִּשֹׁ֛ן אַלּ֥וּף אֵ֖צֶר אַלּ֣וּף דִּישָׁ֑ן אֵ֣לֶּה אַלּוּפֵ֧י הַחֹרִ֛י לְאַלֻּפֵיהֶ֖ם בְּאֶ֥רֶץ שֵׂעִֽיר ׃ פ 31 וְאֵ֙לֶּה֙ הַמְּלָכִ֔ים אֲשֶׁ֥ר מָלְכ֖וּ בְּאֶ֣רֶץ אֱד֑וֹם לִפְנֵ֥י מְלָךְ ־ מֶ֖לֶךְ לִבְנֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵֽל ׃ 32 וַיִּמְלֹ֣ךְ בֶּאֱד֔וֹם בֶּ֖לַע בֶּן ־ בְּע֑וֹר וְשֵׁ֥ם עִיר֖וֹ דִּנְהָֽבָה ׃ 33 וַיָּ֖מָת בָּ֑לַע וַיִּמְלֹ֣ךְ תַּחְתָּ֔יו יוֹבָ֥ב בֶּן ־ זֶ֖רַח מִבָּצְרָֽה ׃ 34 וַיָּ֖מָת יוֹבָ֑ב וַיִּמְלֹ֣ךְ תַּחְתָּ֔יו חֻשָׁ֖ם מֵאֶ֥רֶץ הַתֵּימָנִֽי ׃ 35 וַיָּ֖מָת חֻשָׁ֑ם וַיִּמְלֹ֨ךְ תַּחְתָּ֜יו הֲדַ֣ד בֶּן ־ בְּדַ֗ד הַמַּכֶּ֤ה אֶת ־ מִדְיָן֙ בִּשְׂדֵ֣ה מוֹאָ֔ב וְשֵׁ֥ם עִיר֖וֹ עֲוִֽית ׃ 36 וַיָּ֖מָת הֲדָ֑ד וַיִּמְלֹ֣ךְ תַּחְתָּ֔יו שַׂמְלָ֖ה מִמַּשְׂרֵקָֽה ׃ 37 וַיָּ֖מָת שַׂמְלָ֑ה וַיִּמְלֹ֣ךְ תַּחְתָּ֔יו שָׁא֖וּל מֵרְחֹב֥וֹת הַנָּהָֽר ׃ 38 וַיָּ֖מָת שָׁא֑וּל וַיִּמְלֹ֣ךְ תַּחְתָּ֔יו בַּ֥עַל חָנָ֖ן בֶּן ־ עַכְבּֽוֹר ׃ 39 וַיָּמָת֮ בַּ֣עַל חָנָ֣ן בֶּן ־ עַכְבּוֹר֒ וַיִּמְלֹ֤ךְ תַּחְתָּיו֙ הֲדַ֔ר וְשֵׁ֥ם עִיר֖וֹ פָּ֑עוּ וְשֵׁ֨ם אִשְׁתּ֤וֹ מְהֵֽיטַבְאֵל֙ בַּת ־ מַטְרֵ֔ד בַּ֖ת מֵ֥י זָהָֽב ׃ 40 וְ֠אֵלֶּה שְׁמ֞וֹת אַלּוּפֵ֤י עֵשָׂו֙ לְמִשְׁפְּחֹתָ֔ם לִמְקֹמֹתָ֖ם בִּשְׁמֹתָ֑ם אַלּ֥וּף תִּמְנָ֛ע אַלּ֥וּף עַֽלְוָ֖ה אַלּ֥וּף יְתֵֽת ׃ 41 אַלּ֧וּף אָהֳלִיבָמָ֛ה אַלּ֥וּף אֵלָ֖ה אַלּ֥וּף פִּינֹֽן ׃ 42 אַלּ֥וּף קְנַ֛ז אַלּ֥וּף תֵּימָ֖ן אַלּ֥וּף מִבְצָֽר ׃ 43 אַלּ֥וּף מַגְדִּיאֵ֖ל אַלּ֣וּף עִירָ֑ם אֵ֣לֶּה ׀ אַלּוּפֵ֣י אֱד֗וֹם לְמֹֽשְׁבֹתָם֙ בְּאֶ֣רֶץ אֲחֻזָּתָ֔ם ה֥וּא עֵשָׂ֖ו אֲבִ֥י אֱדֽוֹם ׃ פ
Esau’s Descendants 36 1 These are the generations of Esau (that is, g Edom). 2 Esau h took his wives from the Canaanites: Adah the daughter of Elon the Hittite, i Oholibamah the daughter of Anah the daughter 1 of Zibeon the Hivite, 3 and j Basemath, Ishmael’s daughter, the sister of Nebaioth. 4 And Adah bore to Esau, k Eliphaz; Basemath bore Reuel; 5 and Oholibamah bore Jeush, Jalam, and Korah. These are the sons of Esau who were born to him in the land of Canaan. 6 Then Esau took his wives, his sons, his daughters, and all the members of his household, his livestock, all his beasts, and all his property that he had acquired in the land of Canaan. He went into a land away from his brother Jacob. 7 l For their possessions were too great for them to dwell together. m The land of their sojournings could not support them because of their livestock. 8 So Esau settled in n the hill country of Seir. ( o Esau is Edom.) 9 These are the generations of Esau the father of p the Edomites in the hill country of Seir. 10 These are the names of Esau’s sons: q Eliphaz the son of Adah the wife of Esau, Reuel the son of Basemath the wife of Esau. 11 The sons of Eliphaz were Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam, and Kenaz. 12 (Timna was a concubine of Eliphaz, Esau’s son; she bore r Amalek to Eliphaz.) These are the sons of Adah, Esau’s wife. 13 These are the sons of Reuel: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. These are the sons of Basemath, Esau’s wife. 14 These are the sons of s Oholibamah the daughter of Anah the daughter of Zibeon, Esau’s wife: she bore to Esau Jeush, Jalam, and Korah. 15 These are t the chiefs of the sons of Esau. u The sons of Eliphaz the firstborn of Esau: the chiefs Teman, Omar, Zepho, Kenaz, 16 Korah, Gatam, and Amalek; these are the chiefs of Eliphaz in the land of Edom; these are the sons of Adah. 17 These are the sons of v Reuel, Esau’s son: the chiefs Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah; these are the chiefs of Reuel in the land of Edom; these are the sons of Basemath, Esau’s wife. 18 These are the sons of w Oholibamah, Esau’s wife: the chiefs Jeush, Jalam, and Korah; these are the chiefs born of Oholibamah the daughter of Anah, Esau’s wife. 19 These are the sons of Esau ( x that is, Edom), and these are their chiefs. 20 y These are the sons of z Seir the Horite, the inhabitants of the land: Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon, Anah, 21 Dishon, Ezer, and Dishan; these are the chiefs of the Horites, the sons of Seir in the land of Edom. 22 The sons of Lotan were Hori and Hemam; and Lotan’s sister was Timna. 23 These are the sons of Shobal: Alvan, Manahath, Ebal, Shepho, and Onam. 24 These are the sons of Zibeon: Aiah and Anah; he is the Anah who found the hot springs in the wilderness, as he pastured the donkeys of Zibeon his father. 25 These are the children of Anah: Dishon and a Oholibamah the daughter of Anah. 26 These are the sons of Dishon: Hemdan, Eshban, Ithran, and Cheran. 27 These are the sons of Ezer: Bilhan, Zaavan, and Akan. 28 These are the sons of Dishan: Uz and Aran. 29 These are the chiefs of the Horites: the b chiefs Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon, Anah, 30 Dishon, Ezer, and Dishan; these are the chiefs of the Horites, chief by chief in the land of Seir. 31 c These are the kings who reigned in the land of Edom, before any king reigned over the Israelites. 32 Bela the son of Beor reigned in Edom, the name of his city being Dinhabah. 33 Bela died, and Jobab the son of Zerah of Bozrah reigned in his place. 34 Jobab died, and Husham of the land of the Temanites reigned in his place. 35 Husham died, and Hadad the son of Bedad, who defeated Midian in the country of Moab, reigned in his place, the name of his city being Avith. 36 Hadad died, and Samlah of Masrekah reigned in his place. 37 Samlah died, and Shaul of d Rehoboth on the Euphrates 1 reigned in his place. 38 Shaul died, and Baal-hanan the son of Achbor reigned in his place. 39 Baal-hanan the son of Achbor died, and Hadar reigned in his place, the name of his city being Pau; his wife’s name was Mehetabel, the daughter of Matred, daughter of Mezahab. 40 These are the names of the chiefs of Esau, according to their clans and their dwelling places, by their names: the chiefs Timna, Alvah, Jetheth, 41 Oholibamah, Elah, e Pinon, 42 Kenaz, Teman, Mibzar, 43 Magdiel, and Iram; these are the chiefs of Edom (that is, Esau, the father of f Edom), according to their dwelling places in the land of their possession.
Esau becomes a mighty nation Introduction : 'Edom' (cf 'Rufus') 'Toledot' = seams, and doorways in Genesis. v1 and v9, two toledots. Like a double seam. Unusual. This sermon is a chance to look back. Recap the 'seams'. Within each subsection, an alternating pattern of 'sons' or 'kings' followed by a list of 'chiefs'. Esau prospered despite living outside of Canaan. All this detail; the double seam, the mention of the Canaanite wives by name; the prospering outside the land - is to emphasise that the nations are very much part of God's Abrahamic plan, and they will indeed be blessed. 1. Esau and his family move to the country of Seir (v1-8) Three wives and their sons. Unusual to have wives' names listed in Genesis genealogies. Highlighting that they were 'foreign' (Canaanites) wives. Revisit - what are we to make of polygamy in the Bible? v6-7 Massive wealth; Esau stands in the line of blessing, although not at the centre. Map - where is Canaan / Seir 2. Esau's descendants became mighty in that land (v9-43) v9-19 Edom's many descendants. v11 Job's friend Eliphaz was a Temanite. v12 noteworthy, origins of the Amalekites. v20-30 descendants of Seir the Horite; i.e., there already were people in this land, people of might and wealth cf v24, whom Edom displaced. v31-43 kings and chiefs of Edom; Edom becomes dominant. Edom had a series of rulers long before Israel's monarch - v31 So a snapshot is provided for later Israel of their brother-people's control over the transjordan area which they circumvented en route to Canaan ( Num 20.14-21 ; Judg 11.17-18 ). 3. Edom and Israel have a troubled relationship, but are both redeemed through Jesus Esau =Edom. 'Red' as nickname, and then he moves to a land named 'red' because of the sandstone. cf later provision for Esau's descendants in the law, since they are 'brothers' - same father and mother (unlike Ishmael). 2 Chronicles 25.20 But in their glory they mistreated Israel/Judah, and the prophets called them out for this. Obadiah. For merciless gloating over Judah's fall. Amos, castigated Edom for being merciless to Judah. Psalm 137.7. Numbers 24.17-19 or Ezekiel 35 Jewish resurgency, Hasmonean kings, revenge on Edom. Compelling conversion to Jewish religion. And then Herod the great, an ' Idumean'. Sadly 'Edom' is a topic of end-time fascination. Which doesn't follow the NT's (or OT's) emphasis at all. Mark 3.8 visitors from Idumea heard Jesus' preaching. Above all, But eg Amos 9 - cf Acts 15 . Edom serves as a 'poster' for the nations' inclusion in God's salvation plan through Jesus. This is what makes the early church delighted to realise, and why they quote Amos 9 and Acts 15. God's glory : he is faithful to the 'other brother', for his own name's sake (to Abraham, to Isaac). He is faithful to the nations - Genesis 10-12; Acts 15. FCF . We think there are people outside of the reach, outside of the scope, of the promise of God. People who are too sinful, unforgiveable? People who have compromised too much? Or, people who are too legalistic? Person of Jesus. He himself is the dwelling place. He is the inheritance. He is the blessing. And so in him we have the new creation, the heavenly city, Zion. Work of Jesus . Rejected by an Idumean. Treated as an utter outcast. Put out of the city. Cursed, with no descendant. Yet God has given him the inheritance of nations; a countless multitude. Including Edom, being brought into David's tent. Union with Jesus . Through faith in him, we enter the tent of Abraham, Jacob, David. The place of God's blessing. Wrap up: All this detail; the double seam, the mention of the Canaanite wives by name; the prospering outside the land - is to emphasise that the nations are very much part of God's Abrahamic plan, and they will indeed be blessed. Through faith in Jesus, we enter into the promised life of the age to come, along with Jacob and Esau. Background from GotQuestions: https://www.gotquestions.org/Edomites.html The name “ Edom ” comes from a Semitic word meaning “red,” and the land south of the Dead Sea was given that name because of the red sandstone so prominent in the topography. Esau, because of the soup for which he traded his birthright, became known as Edom, and later moved his family into the hill country of the same name. Genesis 36 recounts the early history of the Edomites, stating that they had kings reigning over them long before Israel had a king ( Genesis 36:31 ). The religion of the Edomites was similar to that of other pagan societies who worshiped fertility gods. Esau’s descendants eventually dominated the southern lands and made their living by agriculture and trade. One of the ancient trade routes, the King’s Highway ( Numbers 20:17 ) passed through Edom, and when the Israelites requested permission to use the route on their exodus from Egypt, they were rejected by force. Because they were close relatives, the Israelites were forbidden to hate the Edomites ( Deuteronomy 23:7 ). However, the Edomites regularly attacked Israel, and many wars were fought as a result. King Saul fought against the Edomites, and King David subjugated them, establishing military garrisons in Edom. With control over Edomite territory, Israel had access to the port of Ezion-Geber on the Red Sea, from which King Solomon sent out many expeditions. After the reign of Solomon, the Edomites revolted and had some freedom until they were subdued by the Assyrians under Tiglath-pileser. During the Maccabean wars, the Edomites were subjugated by the Jews and forced to convert to Judaism. Through it all, the Edomites maintained much of their old hatred for the Jews. When Greek became the common language, the Edomites were called Idumaeans. With the rise of the Roman Empire, an Idumaean whose father had converted to Judaism was named king of Judea. That Idumaean is known in history as King Herod the Great, the tyrant who ordered a massacre in Bethlehem in an attempt to kill the Christ child ( Matthew 2:16-18 ).