The Wedding at Cana 2 1 On h the third day there was a wedding at i Cana in Galilee, and the mother of Jesus was there. 2 Jesus also was invited to the wedding with j his disciples. 3 When the wine ran out, the mother of Jesus said to him, “They have no wine.” 4 And Jesus said to her, k “Woman, l what does this have to do with me? m My hour has not yet come.” 5 His mother said to the servants, “Do whatever he tells you.” 6 Now there were six stone water jars there n for the Jewish rites of purification, each holding twenty or thirty o gallons. 1 7 Jesus said to the servants, “Fill the jars with water.” And they filled them up to the brim. 8 And he said to them, “Now draw some out and take it to the master of the feast.” So they took it. 9 When the master of the feast tasted p the water now become wine, and did not know where it came from (though the servants who had drawn the water knew), the master of the feast called the bridegroom 10 and said to him, “Everyone serves the good wine first, and when people have drunk freely, then the poor wine. But you have kept the good wine until now.” 11 This, the first of his signs, Jesus did at Cana in Galilee, and manifested q his glory. And r his disciples believed in him. 12 After this he went down to Capernaum, with his mother and s his brothers 1 and his disciples, and they stayed there for a few days.
2 1 Καὶ τῇ ἡμέρᾳ τῇ τρίτῃ γάμος ἐγένετο ἐν Κανὰ τῆς Γαλιλαίας, καὶ ἦν ἡ μήτηρ τοῦ Ἰησοῦ ἐκεῖ• 2 ἐκλήθη δὲ καὶ ὁ Ἰησοῦς καὶ οἱ μαθηταὶ αὐτοῦ εἰς τὸν γάμον. 3 καὶ ὑστερήσαντος οἴνου λέγει ἡ μήτηρ τοῦ Ἰησοῦ πρὸς αὐτόν• οἶνον οὐκ ἔχουσιν. 4 [καὶ] λέγει αὐτῇ ὁ Ἰησοῦς• τί ἐμοὶ καὶ σοί, γύναι; οὔπω ἥκει ἡ ὥρα μου. 5 λέγει ἡ μήτηρ αὐτοῦ τοῖς διακόνοις• ὅ τι ἂν λέγῃ ὑμῖν ποιήσατε. 6 ἦσαν δὲ ἐκεῖ λίθιναι ὑδρίαι ἓξ κατὰ τὸν καθαρισμὸν τῶν Ἰουδαίων κείμεναι, χωροῦσαι ἀνὰ μετρητὰς δύο ἢ τρεῖς. 7 λέγει αὐτοῖς ὁ Ἰησοῦς• γεμίσατε τὰς ὑδρίας ὕδατος. καὶ ἐγέμισαν αὐτὰς ἕως ἄνω. 8 καὶ λέγει αὐτοῖς• ἀντλήσατε νῦν καὶ φέρετε τῷ ἀρχιτρικλίνῳ• οἱ δὲ ἤνεγκαν. 9 ὡς δὲ ἐγεύσατο ὁ ἀρχιτρίκλινος τὸ ὕδωρ οἶνον γεγενημένον καὶ οὐκ ᾔδει πόθεν ἐστίν, οἱ δὲ διάκονοι ᾔδεισαν οἱ ἠντληκότες τὸ ὕδωρ, φωνεῖ τὸν νυμφίον ὁ ἀρχιτρίκλινος 10 καὶ λέγει αὐτῷ• πᾶς ἄνθρωπος πρῶτον τὸν καλὸν οἶνον τίθησιν καὶ ὅταν μεθυσθῶσιν τὸν ἐλάσσω• σὺ τετήρηκας τὸν καλὸν οἶνον ἕως ἄρτι. 11 Ταύτην ἐποίησεν ἀρχὴν τῶν σημείων ὁ Ἰησοῦς ἐν Κανὰ τῆς Γαλιλαίας καὶ ἐφανέρωσεν τὴν δόξαν αὐτοῦ, καὶ ἐπίστευσαν εἰς αὐτὸν οἱ μαθηταὶ αὐτοῦ. 12 Μετὰ τοῦτο κατέβη εἰς Καφαρναοὺμ αὐτὸς καὶ ἡ μήτηρ αὐτοῦ καὶ οἱ ἀδελφοὶ [αὐτοῦ] καὶ οἱ μαθηταὶ αὐτοῦ καὶ ἐκεῖ ἔμειναν οὐ πολλὰς ἡμέρας.
Jesus shows his glory in his first sign Intro : Like so much of John, there are multiple levels operating at once. context from last week (end of chapter one): you will see greater things than this. You PLURAL. What does it mean to 'show your glory' (the climax of the passage, v11)? 1. Jesus turns water into wine (v1-10) He's at a wedding/ wedding feast. Good reason this is mentioned in Christian marriage liturgy. at Cana in Galilee [map] My 'hour' - loaded term. And why does Jesus speak to his mother like this? Jars of water for purification Detail given. Fill the water jars with water... filled to the brim. The fact that this is 'good wine' is emphasised. At a clear basic level, this is a creation miracle: the Creator is accelerating a normal and natural process (water turns into wine, through vines). Note, he's served this up to people who are drunk. Friend of drunkards. 2. His disciples believed in him (v11-12) manifested, i.e., made clear his glory his disciples believed IN HIM Capernaum [map] Joining the deeper theological dots here: his 'hour' - the fine wine ( Isa 25). Jesus foreshadowing the 'feast for all peoples' which God is hosting, through putting death to death. Evidence - belief - life. The 'sign' actually hints at the 'life' which Jesus himself is, for those who believe in him. Glory of God : Shows his glory in his Son. Serves a glorious feast to the undeserving. FCF: To see but not believe. H1 . Mock, ignore, explain away. H2 . Familiar, domesticate. Fit into a snug system which we control, so doctrine becomes a bar, a cage, a weapon. Person of Jesus : He's the creator. He's the giver of fine wine. He's the bringer of the end of death. cf Lady Wisdom in Proverbs, come and drink of the fine wine. Work of Jesus : this feast of food and wine, celebrating the end of death, will only come about through his 'hour'. Union with Jesus : come and know life, which at root is the joy beyond death's grasp, and the joyful certainty of creation feasting. Because Jesus went through his 'hour', his people can always come and drink, and look ahead to feasting. Wrap up : Jesus shows his glory in his first sign. Come and drink!