My Help and My Deliverer 40 To the choirmaster. A Psalm of David. 1 I u waited patiently for the Lord ; he inclined to me and v heard my cry. 2 He drew me up from w the pit of destruction, out of x the miry bog, and y set my feet upon a rock, z making my steps secure. 3 He put a a new song in my mouth, a song of praise to our God. Many will b see and fear, and put their trust in the Lord . 4 Blessed is the man who c makes the Lord his trust, who does not turn to the proud, to those who d go astray after a lie! 5 You have multiplied, O Lord my God, your e wondrous deeds and your f thoughts toward us; none can compare with you! I will proclaim and tell of them, yet they are g more than can be told. 6 h In sacrifice and offering you have not delighted, but you have given me an open i ear. 1 Burnt offering and sin offering you have not required. 7 Then I said, “Behold, I have come; in the scroll of the book it is written j of me: 8 k I delight to do your will, O my God; your law is l within my heart.” 9 I have told the glad news of deliverance 1 in m the great congregation; behold, I have not n restrained my lips, o as you know, O Lord . 10 I have not hidden your deliverance within my heart; I have spoken of your faithfulness and your salvation; I have not concealed your steadfast love and your faithfulness from the great congregation. 11 As for you, O Lord , you will not restrain your mercy from me; your p steadfast love and your faithfulness will ever preserve me! 12 For evils have q encompassed me beyond number; my r iniquities have overtaken me, and I cannot s see; they are t more than the hairs of my head; my heart u fails me. 13 v Be pleased, O Lord , to w deliver me! O Lord , x make haste to help me! 14 y Let those be put to shame and disappointed altogether who seek to snatch away my life; let those be z turned back and brought to dishonor who delight in my hurt! 15 Let those be appalled because of their shame who a say to me, “Aha, Aha!” 16 But may all who seek you rejoice and be glad in you; may those who love your salvation b say continually, “Great is the Lord !” 17 As for me, I am c poor and needy, but d the Lord takes thought for me. You are my help and my deliverer; do not delay, O my God!
40 1 לַ֝מְנַצֵּ֗חַ לְדָוִ֥ד מִזְמֽוֹר ׃ 2 קַוֺּ֣ה קִוִּ֣יתִי יְהוָ֑ה וַיֵּ֥ט אֵ֝לַ֗י וַיִּשְׁמַ֥ע שַׁוְעָתִֽי ׃ 3 וַיַּעֲלֵ֤נִי ׀ מִבּ֥וֹר שָׁאוֹן֮ מִטִּ֪יט הַיָּ֫וֵ֥ן וַיָּ֖קֶם עַל ־ סֶ֥לַע רַגְלַ֗י כּוֹנֵ֥ן אֲשֻׁרָֽי ׃ 4 וַיִּתֵּ֬ן בְּפִ֨י ׀ שִׁ֥יר חָדָשׁ֮ תְּהִלָּ֪ה לֵֽאלֹ֫הֵ֥ינוּ יִרְא֣וּ רַבִּ֣ים וְיִירָ֑אוּ וְ֝יִבְטְח֗וּ בַּיהוָֽה ׃ 5 אַ֥שְֽׁרֵי הַגֶּ֗בֶר אֲשֶׁר ־ שָׂ֣ם יְ֭הֹוָה מִבְטַח֑וֹ וְֽלֹא ־ פָנָ֥ה אֶל ־ רְ֝הָבִ֗ים וְשָׂטֵ֥י כָזָֽב ׃ 6 רַבּ֤וֹת עָשִׂ֨יתָ ׀ אַתָּ֤ה ׀ יְהוָ֣ה אֱלֹהַי֮ נִֽפְלְאֹתֶ֥יךָ וּמַחְשְׁבֹתֶ֗יךָ אֵ֫לֵ֥ינוּ אֵ֤ין ׀ עֲרֹ֬ךְ אֵלֶ֗יךָ אַגִּ֥ידָה וַאֲדַבֵּ֑רָה עָ֝צְמ֗וּ מִסַּפֵּֽר ׃ 7 זֶ֤בַח וּמִנְחָ֨ה ׀ לֹֽא ־ חָפַ֗צְתָּ אָ֭זְנַיִם כָּרִ֣יתָ לִּ֑י עוֹלָ֥ה וַ֝חֲטָאָ֗ה לֹ֣א שָׁאָֽלְתָּ ׃ 8 אָ֣ז אָ֭מַרְתִּי הִנֵּה ־ בָ֑אתִי בִּמְגִלַּת ־ סֵ֝֗פֶר כָּת֥וּב עָלָֽי ׃ 9 לַֽעֲשֽׂוֹת ־ רְצוֹנְךָ֣ אֱלֹהַ֣י חָפָ֑צְתִּי וְ֝ת֥וֹרָתְךָ֗ 1 בְּת֣וֹךְ מֵעָֽי ׃ 10 בִּשַּׂ֤רְתִּי צֶ֨דֶק ׀ בְּקָ֘הָ֤ל רָ֗ב הִנֵּ֣ה שְׂ֭פָתַי לֹ֣א אֶכְלָ֑א יְ֝הוָ֗ה אַתָּ֥ה יָדָֽעְתָּ ׃ 11 צִדְקָתְךָ֬ לֹא ־ כִסִּ֨יתִי ׀ בְּת֬וֹךְ לִבִּ֗י 1 אֱמוּנָתְךָ֣ וּתְשׁוּעָתְךָ֣ אָמָ֑רְתִּי לֹא ־ כִחַ֥דְתִּי חַסְדְּךָ֥ וַ֝אֲמִתְּךָ֗ לְקָהָ֥ל רָֽב ׃ 12 אַתָּ֤ה יְהוָ֗ה לֹא ־ תִכְלָ֣א רַחֲמֶ֣יךָ מִמֶּ֑נִּי חַסְדְּךָ֥ וַ֝אֲמִתְּךָ֗ תָּמִ֥יד יִצְּרֽוּנִי ׃ 13 כִּ֤י אָפְפ֥וּ ־ עָלַ֨י ׀ רָע֡וֹת עַד ־ אֵ֬ין מִסְפָּ֗ר הִשִּׂיג֣וּנִי עֲ֭וֺנֹתַי וְלֹא ־ יָכֹ֣לְתִּי לִרְא֑וֹת עָצְמ֥וּ מִשַּֽׂעֲר֥וֹת רֹ֝אשִׁ֗י וְלִבִּ֥י עֲזָבָֽנִי ׃ 14 רְצֵ֣ה יְ֭הוָה לְהַצִּילֵ֑נִי יְ֝הוָ֗ה לְעֶזְרָ֥תִי חֽוּשָׁה ׃ 15 יֵ֘בֹ֤שׁוּ וְיַחְפְּר֨וּ ׀ יַחַד֮ מְבַקְשֵׁ֥י נַפְשִׁ֗י לִסְפּ֫וֹתָ֥הּ יִסֹּ֣גוּ אָ֭חוֹר וְיִכָּלְמ֑וּ חֲ֝פֵצֵ֗י רָעָתִֽי ׃ 16 יָ֭שֹׁמּוּ עַל ־ עֵ֣קֶב בָּשְׁתָּ֑ם הָאֹמְרִ֥ים לִ֝֗י הֶאָ֥ח ׀ הֶאָֽח ׃ 17 יָ֘שִׂ֤ישׂוּ וְיִשְׂמְח֨וּ ׀ בְּךָ֗ כָּֽל ־ מְבַ֫קְשֶׁ֥יךָ יֹאמְר֣וּ תָ֭מִיד יִגְדַּ֣ל יְהוָ֑ה אֹֽ֝הֲבֵ֗י תְּשׁוּעָתֶֽךָ ׃ 18 וַאֲנִ֤י ׀ עָנִ֣י וְאֶבְיוֹן֮ אֲדֹנָ֪י יַחֲשָׁ֫ב לִ֥י עֶזְרָתִ֣י וּמְפַלְטִ֣י אַ֑תָּה אֱ֝לֹהַ֗י אַל ־ תְּאַחַֽר ׃
Your law is within my heart Intro : The theme of waiting in Ps 37-39 now has a triumphant outcome. A big rescue from the bog. The right response? Not sacrifices, but total self-giving. 'Lo, I come' the high point; Jesus. cf Hebrews 10 cf Psalm 70 , almost exactly v14-17 here. One king praying, but has the great congregation in mind. One man, great significance for a great many. 1. I waited and he saved me ( v1-4) v2 Waiting exceedingly patiently I waited for the LORD; he inclined to me and heard my cry for help. therefore the beatitude of v4. v4 happy is he who puts/makes the LORD his trust. cf v3 the LORD puts/makes us high on a rock; we put/make him our trust. v4 does not turn to the insolent and go astray after a deceptive thing/lie/falsehood. v4 the term 'proud' became used for Egypt. Rahab; cf Isa 30.7 God's glory . he is the great deliverer, who does wondrous deeds for those who wait for him. 2. I delight to do your will, O LORD ( v5-10) 'you'. v5 more than can be related, counted v6 ears you have dug for me (and yet, Hebrews 10 quotes LXX, a 'body' you 'prepared' for me. Ears dug; or pierced, like a slave? v7 at that time/then...it is written of me. v8 who is this man, the man of Psalm 1? v8 delight (cf v6). Law within my inner parts. Promise and fulfilment, cf John 5.46 , Luke 24.27 . But how did David think of this, written of him in the scroll? v9 I have told glad tidings of righteousness in the exceedingly great congregation behold my lips I will not restrain as you know, O LORD. v10 Your righteousness I have not concealed in my heart; your faithfulness and your rescue I have spoken; your steadfast love (HESED) and faithfulness I have not hidden/effaced in the great congregation. qahal - congregation - church, v9-10 (ekklesia) 'He comes - as is written in the scroll of the Scriptures ( Gen 3.15 onwards) - willingly to do the will of God in offering himself as the sacrifice for his people's sins.' (C. Ash) 'in v9-10 the scene changes from the perfect, but lonely, self-offering of the king to his victorious proclamation in 'the great assembly' of his church. God the Father has kept all his covenant promises by saving the King, and, with him, all his people. The words 'righteousness, faithfulness, saving help, and love' are all covenant words.' (C. Ash) FCF . We don't delight to do his will, nor to wait for him! We don't make him our trust (v4), but do go aside after a falsehood/deceptive lie. H1. Obviously turned our back on God, will not wait or trust for whom we claim not to believe in. H2 . Love of controversy rather than of theology, labelled as love of 'truth'. In-fighting and slander rather than love. Coldness rather than struggle and sincerity. Person of Jesus. He is the fully yielded Son. The Father is his delight, his trust; he delights to do his will. The fear of the LORD is his delight. He is the very person full of steadfast love and faithfulness (v11) - 'grace and truth' John 1.14 3. May all who seek you rejoice! ( v11-17) v11-17 another round of waiting. Trouble, this time bound up with iniquities. v11 You O LORD will not shut up your intense compassion from me; your HESED and faithfulness will continually guard/watch over me. v14 who delight in my hurt (delight again). v14 those who 'seek' his life...contrasted with those who 'seek' the LORD v16. v17 poor and needy. But the LORD 'esteems'; notices; thinks of. Don't delay/tarry! v17 and v1 same theme of waiting patiently for a long time and not wanting any more delay! v11-17 repeats the sequence. the king prays to be full of hesed and faithfulness (cf grace and truth, John 1.14 ) and to be rescued from the penalty of 'my sins'. David's in reality, Christ's by imputation. Work of Jesus . In his self-giving obedience, he becomes the sin offering. He was cut off from the great congregation, to secure the life of them all. He trusted the Father in the terrible darkness, so that his people might make him their trust. Others said 'aha!' and were appalled at his shame (v15). Union with Jesus . We join him in delighting in the Father. Recap enjoying God. We are learning v4, v8, v16. Wrap up : In Jesus of Nazareth, the truly righteous man of Psalm 1, fleshed out in Psalm 40, has been found. On his cross, his righteousness and steadfast love were given to us so that a great multitude of people might share in his life before the Father forever.