God's Sovereignty is not Unjust
God's sovereignty is not unjust because God has the sovereign authority to show compassion and to withhold it.
Published September 15th, 2022; Updated September 28th, 2022
Τί οὖν ἐροῦμεν;
What shall we say then?
μὴ ἀδικία παρὰ τῷ θεῷ;
w Is there injustice on God’s part?
By no means!
τῷ Μωϋσεῖ γὰρ λέγει•
For he says to Moses,
ἐλεήσω ὃν ἂν ἐλεῶ καὶ
x “I will have mercy on whom I have mercy,
οἰκτιρήσω ὃν ἂν οἰκτίρω.
and I will have compassion on whom I have compassion.”
ἄρα οὖν οὐ τοῦ θέλοντος οὐδὲ τοῦ τρέχοντος
So then it depends not on human will or exertion, 1
ἀλλὰ τοῦ ἐλεῶντος θεοῦ.
but on God, who has mercy.
λέγει γὰρ ἡ γραφὴ τῷ Φαραὼ ὅτι εἰς αὐτὸ τοῦτο ἐξήγειρά σε-
For the Scripture says to Pharaoh, y “For this very purpose I have raised you up,
ὅπως ἐνδείξωμαι ἐν σοὶ τὴν δύναμίν μου
that I might show my power in you,
καὶ ὅπως διαγγελῇ τὸ ὂνομά μου ἐν πάσῃ τῇ γῇ.
and that my name might be proclaimed in all the earth.”
ἄρα οὖν ὃν θέλει ἐλεεῖ,
So then he has mercy on whomever he wills,
ὃν δὲ θέλει σκληρύνει.
and he hardens whomever he wills.
Paul Argues The fact that God's purpose as revealed in election depends entirely on God away from human effort does not render God unjust because Scripture teaches that God has the sovereign authority to show compassion and to withhold it.
Commentary Rom. 9:14-18
in verses 14 to 18 Paul asks a hypothetical question that anybody who has read verses 1–13 will be inclined to ask: "Is God unjust?" That is, why will he arbitrarily favor Jacob and detest Esau without regard to Esau's or Jacob's own righteousness? Why does God choose to save some people (the elect) but not others? In response, Paul argues that God, in his sovereignty, reserves the right to extend compassion to anyone he wills and to harden whomever he wills. When one deliberates over these concerns, he can be tempted to assume that God is unjust or unfair. But Paul according to Paul He (God) is not unjust.